Rajasthan Board Class 12th Hindi: Last 5 years Question Papers

Rajasthan Board Class 12th HINDI Past 5 Years Question Papers are always considered as the best source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. Here you will get the last years’ Rajasthan Board Higher Secondary School Papers of all subjects of Class 12th (English, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry & Hindi).

 RBSE HINDI (Compulsory) Class 12th Previous Year Question Papers RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2014-Hindi RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2015-Hindi RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2016-Hindi RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2017-Hindi RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2018-Hindi

 RBSE HINDI (Sahitya) Class 12th Previous Year Question Papers
RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2014-Hindi
RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2015-Hindi
RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2016-Hindi
RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2017-Hindi
RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2018-Hindi

Previous Year Question Papers are always considered as the top source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. eSaral Provides you last five years’ Rajasthan Board Higher Secondary School (HSC) Chemistry Question Papers. These papers will act as the practicing tests for class 12th students. Previous year question papers for Rajasthan board are a smart way to prepare for Exams and Score high marks.

Students must solve the previous year question papers for all subjects by setting the conditions like those in the real board exam so that they may get the examination’s experience beforehand. This way they will be able to evade the unnecessary stress and nervousness while writing the exam in the examination hall on the final day.

Students can directly download PDF of last few years’ questions paper of all subjects (Class 12th) from the link provided in the given table below:

RBSE Previous years question papers are quite useful as they help students familiarize with the design of the paper and the marking system. Practicing the previous year papers helps you get an idea of some important topics and concepts experienced in the board exams. It also helps you review the whole syllabus in a more effective way as well as measures your preparation for the actual exam. Past year question papers help students measure their strengths and weaknesses so that they can focus on weaker sections to progress in them.

Rajasthan Board Class 12th English: Last 5 years Question Papers

Rajasthan Board Class 12th English Past 5 Years Question Papers are always considered as the best source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. Here you will get the last years’ Rajasthan Board Higher Secondary School Papers of all subjects of Class 12th (English, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry & Hindi).

 RBSE ENGLISH (Literature) Class 12th Previous Year Question Papers RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2014-ENGLISH RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2015-ENGLISH RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2016-ENGLISH RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2017-ENGLISH RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2018-ENGLISH

 RBSE ENGLISH (Compulsory) Class 12th Previous Year Question Papers RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2014-English RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2015-English RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2016-ENGLISH RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2017-English RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2018-English

Previous year question papers are always considered as the top source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. eSaral Provides you last five years’ Rajasthan board Higher secondary school (HSC) Chemistry question papers. These papers will act as the practicing tests for class 12th students. Previous year question papers for Rajasthan board are a smart way to prepare for Exams and Score high marks.

Students must solve the previous year question papers for all subjects by setting the conditions like those in the real board exam so that they may get the examination’s experience beforehand. This way they will be able to evade the unnecessary stress and nervousness while writing the exam in the examination hall on the final day.

Students can directly download PDF of last few years’ questions paper of all subjects (Class 12th) from the link provided in the given table below:

RBSE Previous years question papers are quite useful as they help students familiarise with the design of the paper and the marking system. Practicing the previous year papers helps you get an idea of some important topics and concepts experienced in the board exams. It also helps you review the whole syllabus in a more effective way as well as measures your preparation for the actual exam. Past year question papers help students measure their strengths and weaknesses so that they can focus on weaker sections to progress in them.

Rajasthan Board Class 12th Chemistry: Last 5 years Question Papers

Rajasthan Board Class 12th Chemistry Past 5 Years Question Papers are always considered as the best source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. Here you will get the last years’ Rajasthan Board Higher Secondary School Papers of all subjects of Class 12th (English, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry & Hindi).

 RBSE CHEMISTRY Class 12th Previous Year Question Papers RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2014-CHEMISTRY RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2015-CHEMISTRY RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2016-CHEMISTRY RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2017-CHEMISTRY RBSE-Class-12-Board-Paper-2018-CHEMISTRY

Previous year question papers are always considered as the top source to make an effective preparation for the Board Exams. eSaral Provides you last five years’ Rajasthan board Higher secondary school (HSC) Chemistry question papers. These papers will act as the practicing tests for class 12th students. Previous year question papers for Rajasthan board are a smart way to prepare for Exams and Score high marks.

Students must solve the previous year question papers for all subjects by setting the conditions like those in the real board exam so that they may get the examination’s experience beforehand. This way they will be able to evade the unnecessary stress and nervousness while writing the exam in the examination hall on the final day.

Students can directly download PDF of last few years’ questions paper of all subjects (Class 12th) from the link provided in the given table below:

RBSE Previous years question papers are quite useful as they help students familiarise with the design of the paper and the marking system. Practicing the previous year papers helps you get an idea of some important topics and concepts experienced in the board exams. It also helps you review the whole syllabus in a more effective way as well as measures your preparation for the actual exam. Past year question papers help students measure their strengths and weaknesses so that they can focus on weaker sections to progress in them.

Mind Map of Kinematics 2D for Class 11, JEE & NEET

Kinematics 2D chapter in class 11 comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Kinematics 1D for Class 11, JEE & NEET

Kinematics 1D Chapter in Class 11 comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulas and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Electrostatics: Electric Field and Charges for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Electric Field and Charges in Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Electrostatics: Electric Potential for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Electric Potential in Class 12th comprises number of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Capacitor for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Capacitor in Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

Wave Optics – JEE Main Previous Year Questions with Solutions

JEE Main Previous Year Question of Physics with Solutions are available here. Practicing JEE Main Previous Year Papers Questions of Physics will help all the JEE aspirants in realizing the question pattern as well as help in analyzing their weak & strong areas.

Get detailed Class 11th &12th Physics Notes to prepare for Boards as well as competitive exams like IIT JEE, NEET etc.

eSaral helps the students in clearing and understanding each topic in a better way. eSaral is providing complete chapter-wise notes of Class 11th and 12th both for all subjects.

Besides this, eSaral also offers NCERT Solutions, Previous year questions for JEE Main and Advance, Practice questions, Test Series for JEE Main, JEE Advanced and NEET, Important questions of Physics, Chemistry, Math, and Biology and many more.

Kinematics 1D- JEE Main Previous Year Questions with Solutions

JEE Main Previous Year Question of Physics with Solutions are available here. Practicing JEE Main Previous Year Papers Questions of Physics will help all the JEE aspirants in realizing the question pattern as well as help in analyzing their weak & strong areas.

Get detailed Class 11th &12th Physics Notes to prepare for Boards as well as competitive exams like IIT JEE, NEET etc.

eSaral helps the students in clearing and understanding each topic in a better way. eSaral is providing complete chapter-wise notes of Class 11th and 12th both for all subjects.

Besides this, eSaral also offers NCERT Solutions, Previous year questions for JEE Main and Advance, Practice questions, Test Series for JEE Main, JEE Advanced and NEET, Important questions of Physics, Chemistry, Math, and Biology and many more.

Simulator

Previous Years AIEEE/JEE Mains Questions

Q. A particle has an initial velocity of $3 \hat{i}+4 \hat{j}$ and an acceleration of $0.4 \hat{\mathrm{i}}+0.3 \hat{\mathrm{j}}$. Its speed after 10s is :-

(1) 7 units

(2) 8.5 units

(3) 10 units

(4) $7 \sqrt{2}$ units

[AIEEE-2009]

Sol. (4)

v = u + at

u = 3i + 4j + (0.4 i + 0.3 j) × 10

= 3i + 4j + 4i + 3i

u = 7i + 7j

$|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{u}}|=\sqrt{7^{2}+7^{2}}$

$=7 \sqrt{2}$

Q. An object, moving with a speed of 6.25 m/s, is decelerated at a rate given by $\frac{\mathrm{dv}}{\mathrm{dt}}=-2.5 \sqrt{\mathrm{v}}$ where v is the instantaneous speed. The time taken by the object, to come to rest, would be :-

(1) 4 s (2) 8 s (3) 1 s (4) 2 s

[AIEEE-2011]

Sol. (4)

$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{a}}=\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{v}}{\mathrm{dt}}$

$\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{v}}{\mathrm{dt}}=-2.5 \sqrt{\mathrm{v}}$

$\int \mathrm{d} \mathrm{v} \times \mathrm{v}^{-1 / 2}=\int-2.5 \mathrm{dt}$

$\frac{\mathrm{v}^{\frac{1}{2}}}{\frac{1}{2}}=-2.5 \mathrm{t}$

$2 \sqrt{\mathrm{v}}=-2.5 \mathrm{t}+\mathrm{c}$

$2 \sqrt{6.25}=-2.5 \mathrm{t}+\mathrm{c}$

2 × 0.25 = c

5 = c

$2 \sqrt{\mathrm{v}}=-\mathrm{kt}+5$

0 = –kt + 5

kt = 5

$\mathrm{t}=\frac{5 \mathrm{sec}}{2.5}=2 \mathrm{sec}$

Q. From a tower of height H, a particle is thrown vertically upwards with a speed u. The time taken by the particle, to hit the ground, is n times that taken by it to reach the highest point of its path. The relation between H, u and n is :

(1) $2 \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}=\mathrm{nu}^{2}(\mathrm{n}-2)$

(2) $\mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}=(\mathrm{n}-2) \mathrm{u}^{2}$

(3) $2 \mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}=\mathrm{n}^{2} \mathrm{u}^{2}$

(4) $\mathrm{g} \mathrm{H}=(\mathrm{n}-2)^{2} \mathrm{u}^{2}$

[JEE-MAIN-2014]

Sol. (1)

Time to reach highest point $=\mathrm{t}=\frac{\mathrm{u}}{\mathrm{g}}$

time to reach ground = nt

$\mathrm{S}=\mathrm{ut}+\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{at}^{2}$

$-\mathrm{H}=\mathrm{u}(\mathrm{nt})-\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{nt})^{2}$

$\Rightarrow 2 \mathrm{gH}=\mathrm{nu}^{2}(\mathrm{n}-2)$

Q. A body is thrown vertically upwards. Which one of the following graphs correctly represent the velocity vs time ?

[JEE Mains – 2017]

Sol. (1)

Velocity at any time t is

given by

v = u + at

v = v0 + (–g)t

$\mathrm{v}=\mathrm{v}_{0}-\mathrm{gt}$

$\Rightarrow$ straight line with negative slope

Q. All the graphs below are intended to represent the same motion. One of them does it incorrectly. Pick it up.

[JEE Mains – 2018]

Sol. (1)

In this question option (2) and (4) are the corresponding position – time graph and velocity –position graph of option (3) and its distance – time graph is given as

Hence incorrect graph is option (1)

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme, Number of Questions, Exam Mode & Language

Medical aspirants wishing to pursue MBBS, BDS or other medical courses must be conversant with NEET 2020 exam pattern along with their preparation efforts. The exam pattern of NEET 2020 gives details of the type of exam, mode of paper, language, duration, question type, marking scheme and more. So preparing for NEET will be inadequate without a proper familiarity with NEET exam pattern.

Candidates must check below Exam Pattern before starting the exam preparation:

• Exam Mode: NEET 2020 exam will be conducted through offline (pen-paper based) mode.
• Questions Type: Question paper will contain objective type of questions.
• Medium: The question paper will be available in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Oriya, Assamese, Telugu, Tamil, Urdu and Kannada Languages.
• No of questions: There will be total 180 questions in the paper.
• Total Marks: The paper will be total of 720 marks.
• Duration: NEET exam duration is 3 hours.
• Marking Scheme: Each correct answer will award 4 marks.
• Negative Marking: 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

#### Maximum Marks

Physics 45 180
Chemistry 45 180
Biology (Zoology +Botany) 90 (45+45) 360 (180+180)
Total 180 Questions 720 Marks

One salient feature mentioned in the  NEET 2020 is that the exam mode is pen and paper-based. So knowing how to mark the OMR sheet becomes an important factor in the preparation as a mistake can’t be erased. Similarly to crack NEET, students would have to be quick enough which is where knowing and practising within the given time limit of the exam makes the difference. NEET 2020 exam pattern denotes a three-hour-long exam where candidates must answer 180 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from Physics, Chemistry and Biology as per the given syllabus. The complete detailed Exam Pattern of NEET exam 2020 can be checked here in this article.

How to fill NEET Application Form 2020 | Step-wise Procedure

If you are wondering about “How to fill NEET application form 2020″, then here is the step-wise procedure.

Filling the NEET 2020 Application Form is a five-step process. Steps to fill the application form are given below:

#### Step 1: Online registration on the Official Website of NEET

Candidates need to register online on the official website. To complete the registration process, he/she will have to enter a valid email Id and phone number.

Aspirants will be redirected to the screen containing all instructions regarding the exam. It will include details like documents required, important dates pertaining to the exam, eligibility criteria, etc. The image below can be referred for the same.

Candidates have to go through the instructions carefully, accept that they have done the same by selecting the area provided and then click on ‘Proceed to apply online…’ After this, candidate will be redirected to the Registration Page of NEET 2020, where Candidates will be provided columns to fill in their name, mother’s name, father’s name, gender, date of birth, category, nationality, state, identity type, ID proof number, valid mobile number and email ID.

#### Step 2: Completing the NEET 2020 Application

Post completion of the registration process, the registration Id and password generated will be sent to the registered email Id and mobile number of the candidate. He/she has to use these login credentials to access the application form of NEET 2020. To complete the form, he/she has to fill in the required personal details, academic details, exam centre preference, etc.

Candidates have to upload the scanned image of a recent passport-sized photograph, post-card sized photograph and signature. These have to be in JPG/JPEG format only.

You must prepare following documents beforehand to apply online:

 Passport Size Photograph (10KB – 200KB) Post Card Size Photograph (50KB – 300KB) Candidate’s Signature (4KB – 30KB) Left Hand Thumb Impression (10KB – 50KB) Class 10th Passing Certificate (100KB – 400KB)

#### Step 4: Application fee

NEET 2020 application form cannot be submitted without paying the prescribed non-refundable application fee. Candidates who belong to General Category have to pay Rs.1500 and the general (EWS) or OBC category have to pay an application fee of Rs 1400, whereas those belonging to the reserved categories such as ST/SC/PWD have to pay Rs.800.

#### NEET 2020 Application fee:

Category Application fee (In Rs)
General 1500
General EWS/ OBC 1400
SC/ ST/ PWD 800

#### Step 5: Print the confirmation page

Candidates are advised to keep a copy of the filled application and payment receipt for future use.

👉 Important Dates

👉 How to Fill NEET 2020 Application Form?

👉 Eligibility Criteria

👉 Exam Pattern NEET 2020

👉 Detailed Syllabus

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is now the single entrance test which will grant admission to all MBBS/BDS seats offered in the colleges and institutes of the country. As per the National Medical Commission (NMC) act, admission to Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has been brought under the ambit of NEET from 2020. This means that the AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS has been scrapped. In this scenario, it is likely that medical candidates will have many queries regarding NEET 2020. To help such candidates, eSaral brings to you all the frequently asked questions in the form of All About NEET 2020 – FAQ

Is NEET 2020 held in Online Mode?

No, NEET 2020 examination will be conducted in offline mode by NTA.

Is NEET going to be held twice in year 2020?

No. NEET 2020 will be held only once in a year.

Is there any changes in NEET 2020?

Yes, some changes has been introduced in application fee & form filing procedure. You can check it from the application form section.

Can I fill the application form through Offline mode also?

No, NEET 2020 application process is through online mode.

Can a candidate change its center city after the allotment of roll number?

No, candidates can not change center or city after allotment of roll number.

I reside in Delhi, can I opt for Kannada medium by choosing Delhi center only?

No, Kannada medium is only available in the state of Karnataka.

I have entered wrong details in the application. Can I make corrections?

Yes, you can make corrections during the correction period.

For further queries, you can Contact us or also you can Visit on NEET Official Website

Bihar Board 12th Syllabus 2019-20 by BSEB follows the similar pattern as other state boards in India.

In order to modernize the curriculum, many state education boards recently went over a major facelift and Bihar is no exception to this. The topics covered in the Science and Maths subjects during higher secondary education forms the foundation for higher education in various technical and medical courses. The Bihar Board Class 12 Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Maths aims to provide to the needs of the aspiring students by providing them with a superior curriculum that can be linked with some of the best in India.

Mind Map of Ray Optics – Optical Instruments for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Ray Optics: Optical Instruments Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formula and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the important key points related to defects of Eye and various kinds of Optical Instruments such as Simple Microscope, Telescope, and Compound Microscope on finger tips.

Students who are preparing for Bihar Board Class 12 Exam will get here Class 12 Math Syllabus – Bihar Board with the unit-wise Marks distribution. This will help the aspirants to know about the chapters having more weightage. Also get the PDF of Detailed Syllabus in this Article.

Unit-Wise Distribution of Marks

 UNIT NAME Marks UNIT:1 Relation and Function 10 UNIT:2 Calculus 44 UNIT:3 Algebra 13 UNIT:4 Probability 10 UNIT:5 Vector and 3D-Geometry 17 UNIT:6 Linear-Programming Problem 06

Detailed Syllabus for Mathematics Class 12th

Unit 1: Relations and Functions

• Relations and Functions: Types of relations: Reflexive, Symmetric, Transitive and Equivalence relations.
• Functions: One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations.
• Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Definition, range, domain, principal value branch.
• Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.

Unit 2: Algebra

Matrices

• Basics: Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices.
• Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication.
• Non-Commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order
• Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

Determinants

• Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle.
• Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix.
• Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

Unit 3: Calculus

Continuity and Differentiability

• Derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions.
• Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
• Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives.
• Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems and their geometric interpretation.

Applications of Derivatives

• Rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normal, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima.
• Simple problems (based on basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).

Integrals

• Integration as the inverse process of differentiation.
• Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts
• Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

• Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.

Applications of Integrals

• Applications in finding area under simple curves, Straight lines, circles/parabolas/ellipses.
• Area between any of the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable)

Differential Equations

• Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation.
• Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given.
• Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree.
• Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:
• dy/dx + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

Unit 4: Vectors and 3-Dimensional Geometry

Vectors

• Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector.
• Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector.
• Types of vectors, position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
• Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, scalar triple product of vectors.

3 – Dimensional Geometry

• Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points.
• Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines.Cartesian and vector equation of a plane.
• Distance of a point from a plane.
• Angle between
1. two lines,
2. two planes
3. a line and a plane

Unit 5: Linear Programming

• Introduction
• Related terminology: constraints, objective function, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems.
• Mathematical formulation of L.P. problem.
• Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded and unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions
• Optimal feasible solutions.

Unit 6: Probability

• Multiplication theorem on probability
• Conditional probability
• Independent events, total probability, Baye’s theorem
• Random variable and its probability distribution
• Mean and variance of the random variable
• Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials & Binomial distribution.

This information would be useful for those who are looking for Mathematics Class 12th Syllabus of Bihar Board. Get to know the detailed syllabus of Class 12th for all Subjects and prepare accordingly for upcoming Exams.

Mind Map of Ray Optics – Refraction of Light for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Ray Optics: Refraction of Light Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formula and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formula and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Ray Optics – Reflection of Light for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Ray Optics: Reflection of Light Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

Mind Map of Alternating Current for Class 12, JEE & NEET

Alternating Current in Class 12th comprises variety of cases with important formulae and key points. So here is the mind map to help you in remembering all the formulae and important key concepts on finger tips.

AC Mind Map Page 1

AC Mind Map Page 2

Students who are preparing for Bihar Board Class 12 Exam will get here Bihar Board 12th Biology Syllabus with the unit-wise Marks distribution. This will help the aspirants to know about the chapters having more weightage. Also get the PDF of Detailed Syllabus in this Article.

 Unit Weightage Unit 1: Reproduction 06 Unit 2: Genetics and evolution 18 Unit 3: Applied Biology & Human welfare 18 Unit 4: Biotechnology and its applications 18 Unit 5: Ecology and Environment 10 Total 70

Unit 1: Reproduction

• Sexual Reproduction in Flowering plant: Pollination and fertilization
• Development of seed and fruit
• Reproduction in Humans: Male and Female Reproductive System, Menstrual cycle, production of gametes.
• Fertilization, implantation, embryo development, pregnancy and parturition.
• Reproductive health-birth control, contraception and STDs.

Unit 2: Genetics and evolution

• Basics of Inheritance: Chromosome Theory
• Deviations from Mendelism ratio
• Sex determination in Humans.
• Blood groups in human beings: Inheritance pattern of haemophilia.
• DNA, replication, transcription, translation
• Gene expression and regulation, DNA Fingerprinting
• Genome and Human Genome Project
• Evolution: Theories and evidences

Unit 3: Biology & Human welfare

• Microbes in Human Welfare: household food processing, industrial production, Sewage treatment and energy generation
• Cancer and AIDS
• Adolescence and drug alcohol abuse
• Microbes as Biocontrol Agents Microbes as Biofertilizers
• Animal Husbandry
• Basic concepts of immunology, vaccines,
• Enhancement in Food production plant Breeding Tissue Culture : Concept of Cellular, Totipotency, Requirements of Tissue Culture (in brief)
• Callus Culture, Suspension Culture
• Single Cell Protein. Biofortification

Unit 4: Biotechnology and its applications

• Biotechnology Process
• Recombinant DNA technology: molecular diagnostic technique.
• Applications in Health & Medicines
• Applications in Agriculture
• Genetically modified (GM) organisms, Biosafety issues

Unit 5: Ecology and environment

• Organisms and Environment
• Ecosystem
• Ecological pyramids
• Ecological Succession
• Nutrient Cycling
• Ecosystem Services
• Biodiversity and its Conservation
• Environmental Issues