Compute the difference in masses of one
Question:

Compute the difference in masses of one mole each of aluminium atoms and one mole of its ions. (Mass of an electron is $9.1 \times 10^{-28} \mathrm{~g}$ ). Which one is heavier?

Solution:

$\mathrm{Al}$ atom and $\mathrm{Al}^{3+}$ ion differ by electrons $=3$

1 mole of $\mathrm{Al}$ atoms and 1 mole of $\mathrm{Al}^{3+}$ ions differ (by) electrons $=3 \times \mathrm{N}_{\mathrm{A}}$

Mass of one electrons $=9.1 \times 10^{-28} \mathrm{~g}$ (given)

Mass of $3 \times \mathrm{N}_{\mathrm{A}}$ number of electrons $=3 \times 6.022 \times 10^{23} \times 9.1 \times 10^{-28} \mathrm{~g}$

$=164.4 \times 10^{-5} \mathrm{~g}=0.001644 \mathrm{~g}$

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