Consider a spherical shell of radius
Question:

Consider a spherical shell of radius $\mathrm{R}$ at temperature $\mathrm{T}$. The black body radiation inside it can be considered as an ideal gas of photons with internal energy per unit volume $\mathrm{u}=\frac{\mathrm{U}}{\mathrm{V}} \propto \mathrm{T}^{4}$ and pressure $\mathrm{p}=\frac{1}{3}\left(\frac{\mathrm{U}}{\mathrm{V}}\right)$. If the shell now undergoes an adiabatic expansion the relation between $\mathrm{T}$ and $\mathrm{R}$ is –

 

  1. $T \propto \frac{1}{R}$

  2. $\mathrm{T} \propto \frac{1}{\mathrm{R}^{3}}$

  3. $\mathrm{T} \propto \mathrm{e}^{-\mathrm{R}}$

  4. $\mathrm{T} \propto \mathrm{e}^{-3 \mathrm{R}}$


Correct Option: 1

Solution:

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