Explain the meaning of each of the following terms:
Question:

Explain the meaning of each of the following terms:
(i) Variate
(ii) Class interval
(iii) Class size
(iv) Class mark
(v) Class limit
(vi) True class limits
(vii) Frequency of a class
(viii) Cumulative frequency of a class

Solution:

(i) Variate : Any character which is capable of taking several different values is called a variant or a variable.
(ii) Class interval : Each group into which the raw data is condensed is called class interval .
(iii) Class size: The difference between the true upper limit and the true lower limit of a class is called its class size.

(iv) Class mark of a class: The class mark is given by $\left(\frac{\text { Upper limit+Lower limit }}{2}\right)$.

(v) Class limit: Each class is bounded by two figures, which are called class limits.
(vi) True class limits: In the exclusive form, the upper and lower limits of a class are respectively known as true upper limit and true lower limit.
In the inclusive form of frequency distribution, the true lower limit of a class is obtained by subtracting 0.5 from the lower limit and the true upper limit of the class is obtained by adding 0.5 to the upper limit.
(vii) Frequency of a class: Frequency of a class is the number of times an observation occurs in that class.
(viii) Cumulative frequency of a class: Cummulative frequency of a class is the sum total of all the frequencies up to and including that class.

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