Explain the term target molecules or drug targets as used in medicinal chemistry.
Question:

Explain the term target molecules or drug targets as used in medicinal chemistry.

Solution:

In medicinal chemistry, drug targets refer to the key molecules involved in certain metabolic pathways that result in specific diseases. Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids are examples of drug targets.

Drugs are chemical agents designed to inhibit these target molecules by binding with the active sites of the key molecules.

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