Explain why the OH group in phenols is
Question:

Explain why the OH group in phenols is more strongly held as compared to OH group in alcohols.

Solution:

The –OH group in phenol is directly attached to the sp2hybridized carbon atom of the benzene ring. The carbon-oxygen bond length in phenol is smaller as compared to

the carbon-oxygen bond length in alkyl alcohol and this is due to the partial double bond character or due to the resonance and charge distribution in phenol.

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