Find the equations of the lines,
Question:

Find the equations of the lines, which cut-off intercepts on the axes whose sum and product are 1 and –6, respectively.

Solution:

Let the intercepts cut by the given lines on the axes be and b.

It is given that

a + b = 1 … (1)

ab = –6 … (2)

On solving equations (1) and (2), we obtain

a = 3 and b = –2 or = –2 and b = 3

It is known that the equation of the line whose intercepts on the axes are a and b is

      $\frac{x}{a}+\frac{y}{b}=1$ or $b x+a y-a b=0$

Case I: a = 3 and b = –2

In this case, the equation of the line is –2x + 3y + 6 = 0, i.e., 2x – 3y = 6.

Case II: = –2 and b = 3

In this case, the equation of the line is 3x – 2y + 6 = 0, i.e., –3x + 2y = 6.

Thus, the required equation of the lines are 2x – 3y = 6 and –3x + 2y = 6.

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