How will you convert benzene into
Question:

How will you convert benzene into

(i) p – nitrobromobenzene

(ii) m – nitrobromobenzene

Solution:

(i) when bromine is treated with Br2 in presence anhydrous FeBr3 it undergoes electrophilic substitution to give bromobenzene. Again treated with conc. HNO3 and Conc. H2SO4 at 323K we get a p-nitrobromobenzene

(ii) We need to deactivate the benzene by the introduction of a nitro group using conc. HNO3 and H2SO4 and then treat with Br2 in presence of FeBr3 we will get m-nitrobromobenzene.

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