If 2sin
Question:

If $2 \sin ^{2} x=3 \cos x$, where $0 \leq x \leq 2 \pi$, then find the value of $x$.

Solution:

The given equation is $2 \sin ^{2} x=3 \cos x$.

Now,

$2 \sin ^{2} x=3 \cos x$

$\Rightarrow 2\left(1-\cos ^{2} x\right)=3 \cos x$

$\Rightarrow 2 \cos ^{2} x+3 \cos x-2=0$

$\Rightarrow(2 \cos x-1)(\cos x+2)=0$

$\Rightarrow \cos x=\frac{1}{2}$ or $\cos x=-2$

But, $\cos x=-2$ is not possible. $\quad(-1 \leq \cos x \leq 1)$

$\therefore \cos x=\frac{1}{2}=\cos \frac{\pi}{3}$

$\Rightarrow x=2 n \pi \pm \frac{\pi}{3}, n \in \mathbf{Z} \quad(\cos x=\cos \alpha \Rightarrow x=2 n \pi \pm \alpha, n \in \mathbf{Z})$

Putting $n=0$ and $n=1$, we get

$x=\frac{\pi}{3}, \frac{5 \pi}{3} \quad(0 \leq x \leq 2 \pi)$