If cos A = m cos B,
Question:

If $\cos A=m \cos B$, then write the value of $\cot \frac{A+B}{2} \cot \frac{A-B}{2} .$

Solution:

Given:

$\cos A=m \cos B$

$\Rightarrow \frac{\cos A}{\cos B}=\frac{m}{1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{\cos A+\cos B}{\cos A-\cos B}=\frac{m+1}{m-1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{2 \cos \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \cos \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)}{-2 \sin \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \sin \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)}=\frac{m+1}{m-1}$

$\left[\because \cos A+\cos B=2 \cos \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right) \cos \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right)\right.$ and $\left.\cos A-\cos B=-2 \sin \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \cos \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)\right]$

$\Rightarrow \frac{\cos \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right) \cos \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right)}{-\sin \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \sin \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)}=\frac{m+1}{m-1}$

$\Rightarrow-\cot \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \cot \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)=\frac{m+1}{m-1}$

$\Rightarrow \cot \left(\frac{A+B}{2}\right) \cot \left(\frac{A-B}{2}\right)=\frac{1+m}{1-m}$

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