If sin α and cos α are the roots of the equations ax2 + bx + c = 0, then b2 =
Question:

If $\sin \alpha$ and $\cos \alpha$ are the roots of the equations $a x^{2}+b x+c=0$, then $b^{2}=$

(a) $a^{2}-2 a c$

(b) $a^{2}+2 a c$

(c) $a^{2}-a c$

(d) $a^{2}+a c$

Solution:

The given quadric equation is $a x^{2}+b x+c=0$, and $\sin \alpha$ and $\cos \beta$ are roots of given equation.

And, $a=a, b=b$ and, $c=c$

Then, as we know that sum of the roots

$\sin \alpha+\cos \beta=\frac{-b}{a} \ldots$(1)

And the product of the roots

$\sin \alpha \cdot \cos \beta=\frac{c}{a} \ldots$(2)

Squaring both sides of equation (1) we get

$(\sin \alpha+\cos \beta)^{2}=\left(\frac{-b}{a}\right)^{2}$

$\sin ^{2} \alpha+\cos ^{2} \beta+2 \sin \alpha \cos \beta=\frac{b^{2}}{a^{2}}$

Putting the value of $\sin ^{2} \alpha+\cos ^{2} \beta=1$, we get

$1+2 \sin \alpha \cos \beta=\frac{b^{2}}{a^{2}}$

$a^{2}(1+2 \sin \alpha \cos \beta)=b^{2}$

Putting the value of $\sin \alpha \cdot \cos \beta=\frac{c}{a}$, we get

$a^{2}\left(1+2 \frac{c}{a}\right)=b^{2}$

$a^{2}+2 a c=b^{2}$

Therefore, the value of $b^{2}=a^{2}+2 a c$

Thus, the correct answer is $(b)$

Administrator

Leave a comment

Please enter comment.
Please enter your name.