In a group of 1000 people, there are 750 who can speak Hindi and 400 who can speak Bengali.
Question:

In a group of 1000 people, there are 750 who can speak Hindi and 400 who can speak Bengali. How many can speak Hindi only? How many can speak Bengali? How many can speak both Hindi and Bengali?

Solution:

Let A & B denote the sets of the persons who can speak Hindi & Bengali, respectively.

Given:

$n(A \cup B)=1000$

$n(A)=750$

 

$n(B)=400$

$n(A \cup B)=n(A)+n(B)-n(A \cap B)$

$\Rightarrow 1000=750+400-n(A \cap B)$

 

$\Rightarrow n(A \cap B)=150$

Number of persons who can speak both Hindi and Bengali $=n(A \cap B)=150$

Number of persons who can speak only Hindi $=n(A-B)=n(A)-n(A \cap B)$

$=750-150$

= 600

Number of persons who can speak only Bengali $=n(B-A)=n(B)-n(A \cap B)$

$=400-150$

 

$=250$

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