Let A = {1, 2, 3} and B = {2, 3, 4}.
Question:

Let A = {1, 2, 3} and B = {2, 3, 4}. Then which of the following is a function from A to B?

(a) {(1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 3), (3, 3)}

(b) [(1, 3), (2, 4)]

(c) {(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 3)}

(d) {(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 2), (3, 4)}

Solution:

(c) {(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 3)}

We have

R = {(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 3)}

We observe that each element of the given set has appeared as first component in one and only one ordered pair of R.

So, R = {(1, 3), (2, 2), (3, 3)} is a function.

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