On dividing,
Question:

On dividing, $3 x^{3}+x^{2}+2 x+5$ by a polynomial $g(x)$, the quotient and remainder are $3 x-5$ and $9 x+10$ respectively. Find $g(x)$

Solution:

By using division rule, we have
Divided = Quotient × Divisor + Remainder

$\therefore 3 x^{3}+x^{2}+2 x+5=(3 x-5) g(x)+9 x+10$

$\Rightarrow 3 x^{3}+x^{2}+2 x+5-9 x-10=(3 x-5) g(x)$

$\Rightarrow 3 x^{3}+x^{2}-7 x-5=(3 x-5) g(x)$

$\Rightarrow g(x)=\frac{3 x^{3}+x^{2}-7 x-5}{3 x-5}$

$\therefore g(x)=x^{2}+2 x+1$