In the following reaction the reason why meta-nitro product also formed is:

Question:

In the following reaction the reason why meta-nitro product also formed is:

  1. Formation of anilinium ion

  2. $-\mathrm{NO}_{2}$ substitution always takes place at meta-position

  3. low temperature

  4. $-\mathrm{NH}_{2}$ group is highly meta-directive


Correct Option: 1

Solution:

In acidic medium the $-\mathrm{NH}_{2}$ group in aniline converts into anilinium ion which is meta directing.

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