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NCERT Solutions 2024-25 - PDF Download

JEE Mains & Advanced

 We have created NCERT solutions for classes 8th to 12th. These solutions will help you understand the topics based on the questions from the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), with expert answers provided by our knowledgeable team. You can access these solutions in PDF format. At eSaral, our goal is to offer you the best exam-oriented solutions that will help you in the competitive exams you are preparing for.

The solutions of NCERT PDFs are designed to guide students aspiring to clear exams like JEE, NEET, NTSE, etc. The syllabus provided by NCERT forms the foundation for many competitive exams. So, when you have a strong grasp of the basics, you can excel in any exam.

The National Council of Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organization established in 1961 by the Government of India. Its role is to support and advise the Central and State Governments in developing schools to enhance the quality and improve school education.

NCERT Solutions From Class 8th to 12th

NCERT answer for classes 8th to 12th provided here are free for downloading purposes. These solutions are prepared on an exam-oriented basis helping students to understand the topics and at the same time practice thoroughly for exams. Classes 8th to 12th is the basic foundation for any student which, if developed well, will enhance their efficiency and will keep them ahead of their competitors. Since, whenever a student is promoted to class 8th they start preparing for various exams like JEE, NEET, NTSE, etc., which are some of the toughest exams in India. Lakh of students in counts apply for these exams and very few pass with flying colors.

Sometimes students are admitted to basic graduation courses like B.Com, B.A, etc., and start their preparation for exams like NET for which they are eligible after completing post-graduation.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12

Finishing class 12th boards school era comes to an end and it's the “ new beginning “ for students as they enter and face the real world. You select the subject stream of your choice in class 11th and after that, you start focusing on your goals that you ought to achieve after passing the 12th exam. Sometimes we achieve our goal and sometimes we miss it. We start seeing ourselves as future Chartered Accountants, doctors, engineers, etc., So to build a strong base is most important for any entrance exam. It is seen that students preparing for exams like JEE, NEET, and NTSE overlook the basic NCERT syllabus at the time of preparing for these exams and focus only on the other part of the syllabus resulting in lower marks. Students can refer NCERT Solutions For Class 12 to overcome these situations. 

Here is the link given for class 12th students to keep practicing and sharpen their knowledge:

NCERT Solutions For Class 11

In class 11th students choose a stream like math, science, bio, etc., to pursue their dream to become an engineer, doctor, etc., and work towards their goal. In class 11 we learn all the subjects individually like physics, chemistry, biology, etc., till class 10th we have to study all the subjects like social science, Hindi, English, math, science, etc., and class 11th is the basis on which class 12th syllabus depends. For this students refer NCERT Solutions For Class 11. If we thoroughly understand class 11 then we can easily pass the 12th board exams. A strong foundation for any mainstream subject starts from class 11 and this helps in solving class 12 questions as well.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10

Class 10th board exams are the first board exams we face and after which we have to decide our ways to be followed in terms of achieving our desired goals and setting up our careers. So to choose the desired career stream student has to score good grades NCERT solutions for class 10th are developed by our eSaral team with an exam-oriented approach to help students to score good grades and also help them understand the concepts clearly.

By clicking the below link students can find the NCERT solutions for all the subjects like English, math, physics, chemistry, biology, and Hindi and they can download free PDFs. In most schools, students can choose their preferred stream based on grades scored in class 10 and therefore class 10 grades are much more important for students. Students can practice from solution for ncert answers prepared by our team of subject experts and excel in every subject in class 10.

NCERT Solutions For Class 9

In school, students prepare for the National Olympiad for subjects like physics, math, etc., and also students prepare for NTSE exams. The National Talent Search Exam(NTSE) is conducted by the Government of India. Students who manage to pass both levels of the NTSE exam are awarded scholarships as prescribed. The eligibility criteria to appear in NTSE exams includes that students must score minimum 60% marks to qualify. 

As we can see, to appear in exams like NTSE students must score higher marks. Here we are providing you the link for NCERT solutions for class 9 PDFs for free downloading for subjects English, Hindi, math, science (physics, chemistry, biology), social science(economics, history – India and the Contemporary World – I, geography – Contemporary India – I, civics (Political Science) – Democratic Politics ) These solutions will help students achieve higher grades in class 9.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8

NCERT solutions for class 8 are very pivotal for students, helping them to contribute towards building the strong foundations for students for classes at the higher secondary level. However, for students under the CBSE board, the best study material is solutions of NCERT books which explain each concept in simple and easy language. Class 8 students should grasp each concept to answer every question logically. At eSaral answers are prepared by subject experts having extensive knowledge, they have explored each topic to frame accurate and exam-oriented answers to help you to understand each topic without any hustle.

NCERT solutions can be accessed by students from anywhere. Math and science subjects are the most important subjects. These subjects demand practice. With the NCERT Solutions prepared at eSaral students can in no time understand the topic and practice the questions.
Here we provide the free PDF links of all the subjects which can be accessed from anywhere and downloaded for free.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Maths

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Physics

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Chemistry

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Biology

  • Chapter 1 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Chapter 2 Human Reproduction
  • Chapter 3 Reproductive Health
  • Chapter 4 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Chapter 5 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Chapter 6 Evolution
  • Chapter 7 Human Health and Diseases
  • Chapter 8 Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Chapter 9 Biotechnology Principles and Processes
  • Chapter 10 Biotechnology and Its Application
  • Chapter 11 Organisms and Populations
  • Chapter 12 Ecosystem
  • Chapter 13 Biodiversity and Conservation

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Physics

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology

  • Chapter 1 - The Living World
  • Chapter 2 - Biological Classification
  • Chapter 3 - Plant Kingdom
  • Chapter 4 - Animal Kingdom
  • Chapter 5 - Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Chapter 6 - Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  • Chapter 7 - Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Chapter 8 - Cell The Unit of Life
  • Chapter 9 - Biomolecules
  • Chapter 10 - Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  • Chapter 11 - Transport in Plants.
  • Chapter 12 - Mineral Nutrition
  • Chapter 13 - Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  • Chapter 14 - Respiration in Plants
  • Chapter 15 - Plant Growth and Development
  • Chapter 16 - Digestion and Absorption
  • Chapter 17 - Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Chapter 18 - Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Chapter 19 - Excretory Products and their Elimination
  • Chapter 20 - Locomotion and Movement
  • Chapter 21 - Neural Control and Coordination
  • Chapter 22 - Chemical Coordination and integration

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English

Woven WordsTextbook

Short Stories

  • Chapter 1 – The Lament
  • Chapter 2 – A Pair of Mustachios
  • Chapter 3 – The Rocking-horse Winner
  • Chapter 4 – The Adventure of the Three Garridebs
  • Chapter 5 – Pappachi’s Moth
  • Chapter 6 – The Third and Final Continent
  • Chapter 7 – Glory at Twilight
  • Chapter 8 – The Luncheon

Poetry

  • Chapter 1 – The Peacock
  • Chapter 2 – Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds.
  • Chapter 3 – Coming
  • Chapter 4 – Telephone Conversation
  • Chapter 5 – The World Is Too Much with Us
  • Chapter 6 – Mother Tongue
  • Chapter 7 – Hawk Roosting
  • Chapter 8 – For Elkana
  • Chapter 9 – Refugee Blues
  • Chapter 10 – Felling of the Banyan Tree
  • Chapter 11 – Ode to a Nightingale
  • Chapter 12 – Ajamil and the Tigers

Essay

  • Chapter 1 – My Watch
  • Chapter 2 – My Three Passions
  • Chapter 3 – Patterns of Creativity
  • Chapter 4 – Tribal Verse
  • Chapter 5 – What is a Good Book?
  • Chapter 6 – The Story
  • Chapter 7 – Bridges

Hornbill Textbook

  • Chapter 1 - The Portrait of a Lady
  • Chapter 2 - We're Not Afraid to Die... if We Can All Be Together
  • Chapter 3 - Discovering Tut: the Saga Continues
  • Chapter 4 - Landscape of the Soul
  • Chapter 5 - The Ailing Planet: the Green Movement's Role
  • Chapter 6 - The Browning Version
  • Chapter 7 - The Adventure
  • Chapter 8 - Silk Road

Snapshots Textbook

  • Chapter 1 - The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
  • Chapter 2 - The Address
  • Chapter 3 - Ranga’s Marriage
  • Chapter 4 - Albert Einstein at School
  • Chapter 5 - Mother’s Day
  • Chapter 6 - The Ghat of the Only World
  • Chapter 7 - Birth
  • Chapter 8 - The Tale of Melon City

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English

  • Chapter 1 - A Letter to God

                  Poem - Dust of Snow

                  Poem - Fire and Ice

  • Chapter 2 - Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

                  Poem - A Tiger in the Zoo

  • Chapter 3 - Two Stories About Flying

                   I. His First Flight

                   II. Black Aeroplane

                  Poem - How to Tell Wild Animals

                  Poem - The Ball Poem

  • Chapter 4 - From the Diary of Anne Frank

                 Poem - Amanda!

  • Chapter 5 - Glimpses of India

                   I. A Baker from Goa

                   II. Coorg

                   III. Tea from Assam

                Poem - The Trees

  • Chapter 6 - Mijbil the Otter

                Poem - Fog

  • Chapter 7 - Madam Rides the Bus

                Poem - The Tale of Custard the Dragon

  • Chapter 8 - The Sermon at Benares

                Poem - For Anne Gregory

  • Chapter 9 - The Proposal 

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Hindi

क्षितिज, भाग - 2 

  • Chapter 1 - सूरदास
  • Chapter 2 - तुलसीदास
  • Chapter 3 - देव
  • Chapter 4 - जयशंकर प्रसाद
  • Chapter 5 - सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी 'निराला'
  • Chapter 6 - नागार्जुन
  • Chapter 7 - गिरिजाकुमार माथुर
  • Chapter 8 - ऋतुराज
  • Chapter 9 - मंगलेश डबराल
  • Chapter 10 - स्वयं प्रकाश
  • Chapter 11 - रामवृक्ष बेनीपुरी
  • Chapter 12 - यशपाल
  • Chapter 13 - सर्वेश्वर दयाल सक्सेना
  • Chapter 14 - मन्नू भंडारी
  • Chapter 15 - महावीरप्रसाद द्विवेदी
  • Chapter 16 - यतींद्र मिश्र
  • Chapter 17 - भदंत आनंद कौसल्यायन

कृतिका, भाग - 2 

  • Chapter 1 - माता का आँचल
  • Chapter 2 - जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक
  • Chapter 3 - साना-साना हाथ जोड़ि
  • Chapter 4 - एही ठैयाँ झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा!
  • Chapter 5 - मैं क्यों लिखता हूँ?

स्पर्श, भाग - 2  

  • Chapter 1 - साखी
  • Chapter 2 - पद
  • Chapter 3 - दोहे
  • Chapter 4 - मनुष्यता
  • Chapter 5 - पर्वत प्रदेश में पावस
  • Chapter 6 - मधुर-मधुर मेरे दीपक जल
  • Chapter 7 - तोप
  • Chapter 8 - कर चले हम फ़िदा
  • Chapter 9 - आत्मत्राण
  • Chapter 10 - बड़े भाई साहब
  • Chapter 11 - डायरी का एक पन्ना
  • Chapter 12 - तताँरा-वामीरो कथा
  • Chapter 13 - तीसरी कसम के शिल्पकार शैलेंद्र
  • Chapter 14 - गिरगिट
  • Chapter 15 - अब कहाँ दूसरे के दुख से दुखी होने वाले
  • Chapter 16 - पतझर में टूटी पत्तियाँ
  • Chapter 17 - कारतूस

संचयन, भाग - 2 

  • Chapter 1 - हरिहर काका
  • Chapter 2 - सपनों के-से दिन
  • Chapter 3 - टोपी शुक्ला

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science

History – India and Contemporary World II

  • Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
  • Chapter 2  Nationalism in India
  • Chapter 3  The Making of a Global World
  • Chapter 4  The Age of Industrialisation
  • Chapter 5  Print Culture and the Modern World

Geography – Contemporary India II

  • Chapter 1  Resources and Development
  • Chapter 2  Forest and Wildlife Resources
  • Chapter 3  Water Resources
  • Chapter 4  Agriculture
  • Chapter 5  Minerals and Energy Resources
  • Chapter 6  Manufacturing Industries
  • Chapter 7  Lifelines of the National Economy

Political Science – Democratic Politics II

  • Chapter 1  Power-sharing
  • Chapter 2  Federalism
  • Chapter 3  Gender, Religion, and Caste
  • Chapter 4  Political Parties
  • Chapter 5  Outcomes of Democracy

Understanding Economic Development

  • Chapter 1  Development
  • Chapter 2  Sectors of the Indian Economy
  • Chapter 3  Money and Credit
  • Chapter 4  Globalization and the Indian Economy
  • Chapter 5  Consumer Rights

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapters

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Science

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 English

Beehive Textbook

  • Chapter 1 - The Fun They Had 

                   Poem: The Road Not Taken

  • Chapter 2 - The Sound of Music

                   Poem: Wind

  • Chapter 3 - The Little Girl

                   Poem: Rain on the Roof

  • Chapter 4 - A Truly Beautiful Mind

                   Poem: The Lake Isle of Innisfree

  • Chapter 5 - The Snake and the Mirror

                   Poem: A Legend of the Northland

  • Chapter 6 - My Childhood

                   Poem: No Men Are Foreign

  • Chapter 7 - Reach for the Top

                    Poem: On Killing a Tree

  • Chapter 8 - Kathmandu

                   Poem: A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

  • Chapter 9 - If I Were You

Supplementary Textbook Moments

  • Chapter 1 – The Lost Child
  • Chapter 2 – The Adventures of Toto
  • Chapter 3 – Iswaran the Storyteller
  • Chapter 4 – In the Kingdom of Fools
  • Chapter 5 – The Happy Prince
  • Chapter 6 – Weathering the Storm in Ersama
  • Chapter 7 – The Last Leaf
  • Chapter 8 – A House Is Not a Home
  • Chapter 9 – The Beggar

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Hindi

Kshitij Textbook

  • Chapter 1: दो बैलों की कथा
  • Chapter 2: ल्हासा की ओर
  • Chapter 3: उपभोक्तावाद की संस्कृति
  • Chapter 4: साँवले सपनों की याद
  • Chapter 5: प्रेमचंद के फटे जूते
  • Chapter 6: मेरे बचपन के दिन
  • Chapter 7: साखियाँ एवं सबद
  • Chapter 8: वाख
  • Chapter 9: सवैये
  • Chapter 10: कैदी और कोकिला
  • Chapter 11: ग्राम श्री
  • Chapter 12: मेघ आए
  • Chapter 13: बच्चे काम पर जा रहे हैं

Kritika Textbook 

  • Chapter 1: इस जल प्रलय में
  • Chapter 2: मेरे संग की औरतें
  • Chapter 3: रीढ़ की हड्डी

Sanchayan

  • Chapter 1: गिल्लू
  • Chapter 2: स्मृति
  • Chapter 3: कल्लू कुम्हार की उंनकोटि
  • Chapter 4: मेरा छोटा सा निजी पुस्तकालय

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science

History – India and Contemporary World-I

  • Chapter 1 The French Revolution
  • Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
  • Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
  • Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism
  • Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World

Geography – Contemporary India-I

  • Chapter 1 India–Size and Location
  • Chapter 2 Physical Features of India
  • Chapter 3 Drainage
  • Chapter 4 Climate
  • Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
  • Chapter 6 Population

Political Science (Civics) – Democratic Politics-I

  • Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why Is Democracy?
  • Chapter 2 Constitutional Design
  • Chapter 3 Electoral Politics
  • Chapter 4 Working of Institutions
  • Chapter 5 Democratic Rights

 Social Science - Economics 

  • Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur
  • Chapter 2 People as Resource
  • Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge
  • Chapter 4 Food Security in India

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science

  • Chapter 1- Crop Production and Management
  • Chapter 2- Microorganisms: Friend and Foe
  • Chapter 3- Combustion and Flame
  • Chapter 4- Conservation of Plants and Animals
  • Chapter 5- Reproduction in Animals
  • Chapter 6- Reaching The Age of Adolescence
  • Chapter 7- Force and Pressure
  • Chapter 8- Friction
  • Chapter 9- Sound
  • Chapter 10- Chemical Effects of Electric Current
  • Chapter 11- Some Natural Phenomena
  • Chapter 12- Light

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 English

Honey book textbook

  • Unit 1 - The Best Christmas Present in the World
  • Unit 2 - The Tsunami
  • Unit 3 - Glimpses of the Past
  • Unit 4 - Bepin Choudhury’s Lapse of Memory
  • Unit 5 - The Summit Within
  • Unit 6 - This is Jody’s Fawn
  • Unit 7 - A Visit to Cambridge
  • Unit 8 - A Short Monsoon Diary
  • Unit 1 Poem - The Ant and the Cricket
  • Unit 2 Poem - Geography Lesson
  • Unit 3 Poem - The Last Bargain
  • Unit 4 Poem - The School Boy
  • Unit 5 Poem - On the Grasshopper and Cricket

Supplementary textbook, It So Happened 

  • Unit 1 – How The Camel Got His Hump
  • Unit 2 – Children At Work
  • Unit 3 – The Selfish Giant
  • Unit 4 – The Treasure Within
  • Unit 5 – Princess September
  • Unit 6 – The Fight
  • Unit 7 – Jalebis
  • Unit 8 – Ancient Education System of India

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Hindi

Vasant

  • Chapter 1 - Dhwani
  • Chapter 2 - Lakh Ki Chudiyan
  • Chapter 3 - Bus ki Yatra
  • Chapter 4 - Deewanon Ki Hasti
  • Chapter 5 - Chitthiyon Ki Anoothi Duniya
  • Chapter 6 - Bhagwan Ke Daakiye
  • Chapter 7 - Kya Nirash Hua Jaye
  • Chapter  8 - Yeh Sabse Kathin Samay Nahi
  • Chapter  9 - Kabir Ki Sakhiyan
  • Chapter 10 - Kaamchor
  • Chapter 11 - Jab Cinema Ne Bolna Seekha
  • Chapter 12 - Sudama Charitra
  • Chapter 13 - Jaha Pahiya hai
  • Chapter 14 - Akbari Lota
  • Chapter 15 - Surdas Ke Pad
  • Chapter 16 - Pani ki Kahani
  • Chapter 17 - Baaj Aur Saanp
  • Chapter 18 - Topi

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science

History – Our Pasts – III 

  • Chapter 1- How, When, and Where
  • Chapter 2- From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power
  • Chapter 3- Ruling the Countryside
  • Chapter 4- Tribals, Dikus, and the Vision of a Golden Age
  • Chapter 5- When People Rebel 1857 and after
  • Chapter 6- Civilizing the “Native”, Educating the Nation
  • Chapter 7- Women, Caste, and Reform
  • Chapter 8- The Making of the National Movement: 1870s–1947

Geography – Resource and Development

  • Chapter 1- Resources
  • Chapter 2- Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources
  • Chapter 3- Agriculture
  • Chapter 4- Industries
  • Chapter 5- Human Resources

Civics – Social and Political Life – III 

  • Chapter 1- The Indian Constitution
  • Chapter 2- Understanding Secularism
  • Chapter 3- Why Do We Need a Parliament
  • Chapter 4- Understanding Laws
  • Chapter 5- Judiciary
  • Chapter 6- Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
  • Chapter 7- Understanding Marginalization
  • Chapter 8- Confronting Marginalization
  • Chapter 9- Public Facilities
  • Chapter 10- Law and Social Justice

Frequently Asked Questions

Familiarize Yourself With The Syllabus: Students should familiarize themselves with the syllabus and understand each concept to know the whereabouts of the same.
Read The Textbook Thoroughly: Students should go through the books that are provided by NCERT. Learn the concepts and retain the learnings, explanation given there and lay a strong foundation
Solve Chapter-Wise Questions: Solve each question given at the back of the book. There are some questions given in the middle of the chapter to learn the concepts. All types of covering each concept are given.
Refer To The NCERT Solutions: After solving each question given at the back of chapters compare the answers written by you with NCERT Solutions and rectify the mistake. This will help you in boosting your confidence which is essential during exams.
Practice Additional Exercises: Additional questions given in the NCERT Solution should be practiced to bring more clarity to the concepts

National Council of Education and Research Training(NCERT), is an autonomous body set up under the supervision of the Government of India. The main purpose of setting up NCERT is to add value to school education and assists and advise the Central Government on How to improve the conditions of school education and bring changes that are qualitative for the betterment of school education. 

Some of the functions are listed below:

  1. To prepare and carry out the research work that is related to school education.
  2. Publishing textbooks, journals, newsletters, study materials, previous year's question papers, and everything beneficial for students.
  3. Training of teachers including pre-service and in-service training to provide innovative techniques for improvising the teaching skill and practices.
  4. It acts as a clearinghouse for ideas and information for the betterment of school education.
  5. For achieving the goal of universalization it acts as a nodal agency.
  6. It acts as an implementation agency for cultural exchange programs with other countries in the field of education.
  7. By interacting with and working in collaboration with international organizations, Visiting foreign delegations, and offering training facilities to educational personnel from developing countries.
  8. Develop and correlate the network with the state educational departments, universities, NGOs, and other educational institutions.

Following are the major units of NCERT that are located in different parts of countries:

  • National Institute of Education (NIE), New Delhi

  • Central Institute of Educational Technology (CIET), New Delhi

  • Pandit Sundarlal Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education (PSSCIVE), Bhopal

  • Regional Institute of Education (RIE), Ajmer

  • Regional Institute of Education (RIE), Bhopal

  • Regional Institute of Education (RIE), Bhubaneswar

  •  Regional Institute of Education (RIE), Mysore

  • North-East Regional Institute of Education (NERIE), Shillong

 

  • These solutions are designed by our experienced faculty.

  • Concepts are developed gradually and carefully enabling students to grasp them step by step.

  • Study material is prepared in cogent and explicit form to enhance the understanding of students.

  • It consists of example that explains each concept in a simplified manner

  • Chapterwise solutions for each subject are accessible online and in printable format.

  • Concepts are explained meticulously keeping in mind the quality of the material intact.

 

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