JEE Main 2025 Syllabus, Check SubjectWise Detailed Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme  PDF Download
JEE Mains & AdvancedThe National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the JEE Main Syllabus 2025 on their official website, jeemain.nta.ac.in, along with the information brochure. Until the official syllabus is available, candidates can refer to the JEE Main Syllabus 2025 based on the previous year's brochure.
The syllabus will cover important topics in three main subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. These topics are crucial for candidates to study as they prepare for the exam. By reviewing the previous year's syllabus, candidates can get a good idea of what to expect and which areas to focus on.
In addition to the topics, candidates can also check the topicwise weightage. This information helps us understand how much emphasis each topic has in the exam. Knowing the weightage can assist candidates in prioritizing their study time, and focusing more on topics that carry more marks.
Updating the official website is important for the latest syllabus and other examrelated understanding and following the syllabus can significantly improve a candidate’s preparation strategy and performance in the JEE Main 2025 exam.
JEE Main Exam Dates 2025(Tentative)
Here are the tentative dates for important JEE Main 2025 events:

Registration Begins: November 2024

The registration process for JEE Main 2025 will start in November 2024. Candidates need to fill out the application form online on the official NTA website.

Last Date to Apply: December 2024

The deadline to submit the JEE Main 2025 application form will be in December 2024. Make sure to complete the registration before this date to avoid any lastminute issues.

Admit Card Release Date: 3 Days Before the Exam

The admit cards for JEE Main 2025 will be released three days before the exam date. Candidates must download and print their admit cards from the official website.

Exam Dates: January 2025 and April 2025

The JEE Main 2025 exams will be conducted in two sessions: the first session in January 2025 and the second session in April 2025. Candidates can choose to appear in either one or both sessions.

Result Declaration Date: One Week After the Exam

The results for JEE Main 2025 will be declared one week after the exam. Candidates can check their results on the official NTA website.
These dates are tentative and may be updated. Keep an eye on the official NTA website for the latest information and any changes to the schedule. Preparing ahead and staying informed will help you manage your time effectively and avoid any lastminute rush.
JEE Main Syllabus 2025
JEE Main is conducted for three courses: BE/B. Tech, B.Arch, and B.Planning. The JEE Main syllabus covers topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics based on the curriculum of classes 11 and 12. For BE/B. Tech, the focus is on all three subjects, while for B.Arch, the syllabus also includes drawing and architecturerelated topics. B. Planning includes questions on planningrelated subjects in addition to Mathematics. This comprehensive syllabus ensures candidates are wellprepared for the different course requirements.
JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2025
Unit 1: Physics and Measurement
Topics Covered: Physics and its role in technology and society, SI Units, fundamental and derived units. Understanding least count, accuracy, and precision of measuring instruments. Measurement errors, dimensions of physical quantities, and dimensional analysis and applications.
Unit 2: Kinematics
Topics Covered: Reference frames, motion in a straight line, positiontime graphs, speed, and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, and positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of vectors. Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, and uniform circular motion.
Unit 3: Laws of Motion
Topics Covered: Force and inertia, Newton’s First Law of Motion, momentum, Newton’s Second Law of Motion, impulses, Newton’s Third Law of Motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces, static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion, centripetal force, and its applications.
Unit 4: Work, Energy, and Power
Topics Covered: Work done by constant and variable forces, kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, and power. The potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit 5: Rotational Motion
Topics Covered: Centre of mass of a twoparticle system and a rigid body. Basic concepts of rotational motion, moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, and its conservation. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and applications. Equations of rotational motion for a rigid body.
Unit 6: Gravitation
Topics Covered: Universal law of gravitation, acceleration due to gravity, and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, gravitational potential energy, and gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, geostationary satellites.
Unit 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids
Topics Covered: Elastic behavior, stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s Law. Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, and modulus of rigidity. Fluid pressure, Pascal’s law and applications, viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and applications. Surface energy, surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension (drops, bubbles, capillary rise). Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, specific heat capacity, calorimetry, change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer methods (conduction, convection, radiation), Newton’s law of cooling.
Unit 8: Thermodynamics
Topics Covered: Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work, internal energy, first law of thermodynamics, second law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine, and efficiency.
Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Topics Covered: Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, assumptions of kinetic theory, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature, RMS speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy, specific heat capacities of gases, mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit 10: Oscillation and Waves
Topics Covered: Periodic motion, period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillations of a spring, restoring force, force constant, energy in SHM (kinetic and potential energies), simple pendulum, and its period derivation. Free, forced, and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion, longitudinal and transverse waves, wave speed, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, wave reflection. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode, harmonics, beats, Doppler Effect in sound.
Unit 11: Electrostatics
Topics Covered: Electric charges, conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law, forces between point charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principle, continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric flux, Gauss’s law, and applications (infinitely long uniformly charged wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, uniformly charged thin spherical shell). Electric potential and its calculation for point charges, electric dipole, system of charges, and equipotential surfaces. The electrical potential energy of a system of point charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, dielectrics, electric polarization, capacitors, combination of capacitors (series and parallel), capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium, energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit 12: Current Electricity
Topics Covered: Electric current, drift velocity, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and nonOhmic conductors. Electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, color code for resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance. Electric cell and internal resistance, potential difference, emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge, potentiometer (principle and applications).
Unit 13: Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
Topics Covered: BiotSavart law, application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law applies to infinitely long currentcarrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, cyclotron. Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel currentcarrying conductors (definition of ampere), torque on a current loop in a uniform magnetic field. Moving coil galvanometer, current sensitivity, conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole, magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field, magnetic elements. Para, dia, and ferromagnetic substances, magnetic susceptibility, permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets, permanent magnets.
Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
Topics Covered: Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, induced EMF and current, Lenz’s law, eddy currents, self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage, reactance, and impedance, LCR series circuit, resonance, quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current, AC generator, transformer.
Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves
Topics Covered: Electromagnetic waves and characteristics, transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays), applications of electromagnetic waves.
Unit 16: Optics
Topics Covered: Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection, and applications. Deviation and dispersion of light by prism, lens formula, magnification, power of a lens, and combination of thin lenses in contact. Microscope, astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting), and magnifying powers. Wave optics, wavefront, Huygens’ principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s doubleslit experiment, expression for fringe width, coherent sources, sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and telescopes, polarization, planepolarized light, Brewster’s law, uses of planepolarized light, Polaroid.
Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Topics Covered: Dual nature of radiation, photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, particle nature of light. Matter waves, wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation, DavissonGermer experiment.
Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei
Topics Covered: Alphaparticle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of the atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, and isotones. Radioactivity (alpha, beta, gamma particles/rays and properties), radioactive decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon, variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.
Unit 19: Electronic Devices
Topics Covered: Semiconductors, semiconductor diode, IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), oscillator, logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR), transistor as a switch.
This detailed breakdown of the JEE Main Physics syllabus covers all the essential topics and concepts that candidates need to study. Understanding these topics thoroughly will help candidates prepare effectively for the exam.
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2025 (Physical Chemistry)
Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
Topics Covered: Understanding the nature of matter, Dalton’s atomic theory, and concepts of atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds. Measuring physical quantities in chemistry, ensuring precision and accuracy, and understanding significant figures. Using SI units and dimensional analysis. Learning the laws of chemical combination, calculating atomic and molecular masses, and understanding the mole concept, molar mass, and percentage composition. Finding empirical and molecular formulas, writing and balancing chemical equations, and practicing stoichiometry.
Unit 2: Atomic Structure
Topics Covered: Exploring Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations. Understanding electromagnetic radiation, the photoelectric effect, and the hydrogen atom spectrum. Studying the Bohr model of a hydrogen atom, its postulates, and deriving relations for electron energy and orbit radii. Learning about the dual nature of matter, de Broglie’s relationship, and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Introducing quantum mechanics and the quantum mechanical model of the atom, including atomic orbitals as oneelectron wave functions. Analyzing variations of wave functions, understanding quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic), and their significance. Learning the shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, electron spin, and spin quantum number. Applying the Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle, and Hund’s rule to determine the electronic configuration of elements and noting the extra stability of halffilled and fullyfilled orbitals.
Unit 3: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Topics Covered: Understanding KosselLewis's theory of chemical bond formation, ionic and covalent bonds. Learning about the formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting their formation, and calculating lattice enthalpy. Studying covalent bonding, electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, and dipole moments. Using Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory to predict molecule shapes. Introducing quantum mechanical approaches to covalent bonding, valence bond theory, and hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals. Understanding resonance, molecular orbital theory, types of molecular orbitals (bonding and antibonding), sigma and pi bonds, and molecular orbital configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules. Learning concepts of bond order, bond length, bond energy, metallic bonding, and hydrogen bonding.
Unit 4: Chemical Thermodynamics
Topics Covered: Fundamentals of thermodynamics, including system and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, and types of processes. Understanding the first law of thermodynamics, including concepts of work, heat, internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacity, and molar heat capacity. Applying Hess’s law of constant heat summation, studying enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution. Understanding the second law of thermodynamics, spontaneity of processes, entropy (ΔS) of the universe, Gibbs free energy (ΔG) as a criterion for spontaneity, and calculating the standard Gibbs energy change (ΔG°) and equilibrium constant.
Unit 5: Solutions
Topics Covered: Expressing solution concentration using molality, molarity, mole fraction, and percentage (by volume and mass). Understanding the vapor pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law, distinguishing between ideal and nonideal solutions, and interpreting vapor pressurecomposition plots. Studying colligative properties of dilute solutions, such as relative lowering of vapor pressure, freezing point depression, boiling point elevation, and osmotic pressure. Determining molecular mass using colligative properties, understanding abnormal molar mass values, and the significance of the van’t a Hoff factor.
Unit 6: Equilibrium
Topics Covered: Defining equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium. Studying physical equilibria involving solidliquid, liquidgas, and solidgas phases, and applying Henry’s law. Understanding equilibrium characteristics and chemical equilibrium principles, including the law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc), and their significance. Analyzing factors affecting equilibrium (concentration, pressure, temperature, and catalyst) and applying Le Chatelier’s principle. Studying ionic equilibrium, weak and strong electrolytes, ionization concepts, acidbase equilibria, and ionization constants. Understanding the pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts, solubility of sparingly soluble salts, solubility products, and buffer solutions.
Unit 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
Topics Covered: Understanding oxidation and reduction concepts, redox reactions, oxidation numbers, rules for assigning oxidation numbers, and balancing redox reactions. Learning about electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities, and their concentration variations. Applying Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. Studying electrochemical cells, including electrolytic and galvanic cells, types of electrodes, electrode potentials, halfcell and cell reactions, and measuring emf of galvanic cells. Using the Nernst equation, relating cell potential to Gibbs energy change, and understanding dry cells, lead accumulators, and fuel cells.
Unit 8: Chemical Kinetics
Topics Covered: Understanding the rate of chemical reactions and factors affecting reaction rates (concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst). Differentiating between elementary and complex reactions, defining the order and molecularity of reactions, and writing rate laws. Calculating rate constants and their units, analyzing zero and firstorder reaction characteristics and halflives, and studying the effect of temperature on reaction rates. Learning Arrhenius's theory, calculating activation energy, and understanding the collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions.
This detailed breakdown of the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus covers all the essential topics and concepts that students need to study. Understanding these topics thoroughly will help students prepare effectively for the exam.
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2025 (Inorganic Chemistry)
Unit 
Topics 
Subtopics 
Details 
Unit 9 
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Modern Periodic Law and Present Form of the Periodic Table 
Explanation of Modern Periodic Law and how it led to the current structure of the periodic table. 
s, p, d, and f Block Elements 
Classification and characteristics of s, p, d, and f block elements. 

Periodic Trends in Properties 
Trends in atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity. 

Unit 10 
pBlock Elements 
General Introduction 
Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties across periods and down groups; unique behavior of the first element in each group. 
Group 13 Elements 
Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminum; Structure, properties, and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride, and alums. 

Group 14 Elements 
The tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones. 

Group 15 Elements 
Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, and phosphorus halides (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus. 

Group 16 Elements 
Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur. 

Group 17 Elements 
Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. 

Group 18 Elements 
General properties and uses of noble gases; Trends in physical and chemical properties within the group. 

Unit 11 
d and fBlock Elements 
Transition Elements 
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, and characteristics; General trends in properties of firstrow transition elements (physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, color, catalytic behavior, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation); Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. 
Inner Transition Elements 
Lanthanoids  Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction. 

Actinoids  Electronic configuration and oxidation states. 

Unit 12 
Coordination Compounds 
Introduction to Coordination Compounds 
Werner’s theory; Ligands, coordination number, denticity, and chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding  Valence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory; Color and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems). 
Unit 
Topics 
Subtopics 
Details 
Unit 9 
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Modern Periodic Law and Present Form of the Periodic Table 
Explanation of Modern Periodic Law and how it led to the current structure of the periodic table. 
s, p, d, and f Block Elements 
Classification and characteristics of s, p, d, and f block elements. 

Periodic Trends in Properties 
Trends in atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity. 

Unit 10 
pBlock Elements 
General Introduction 
Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties across periods and down groups; unique behavior of the first element in each group. 
Group 13 Elements 
Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminum; Structure, properties, and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride, and alums. 

Group 14 Elements 
The tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones. 

Group 15 Elements 
Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, and phosphorus halides (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus. 

Group 16 Elements 
Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur. 

Group 17 Elements 
Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. 

Group 18 Elements 
General properties and uses of noble gases; Trends in physical and chemical properties within the group. 

Unit 11 
d and fBlock Elements 
Transition Elements 
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, and characteristics; General trends in properties of firstrow transition elements (physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, color, catalytic behavior, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation); Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. 
Inner Transition Elements 
Lanthanoids  Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction. 

Actinoids  Electronic configuration and oxidation states. 

Unit 12 
Coordination Compounds 
Introduction to Coordination Compounds 
Werner’s theory; Ligands, coordination number, denticity, and chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding  Valence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory; Color and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems). 
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2025 (Organic Chemistry)
Unit 
Topics 
Subtopics 
Details 
Unit 13 
Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds 
Purification Techniques 
Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography – principles and applications. 
Qualitative Analysis 
Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens. 

Quantitative Analysis 
Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulfur, phosphorus; Calculations of empirical and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis. 

Unit 14 
Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry 
Tetravalency of Carbon 
Shapes of simple molecules, hybridization (s and p). 
Classification of Organic Compounds 
Based on functional groups containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series. 

Isomerism 
Structural and stereoisomerism. 

Nomenclature 
Trivial and IUPAC names. 

Covalent Bond Fission 
Homolytic and heterolytic fission; Free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; Stability of carbocations and free radicals; Electrophiles and nucleophiles. 

Electronic Displacement 
Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation. 

Types of Organic Reactions 
Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement reactions. 

Unit 15 
Hydrocarbons 
Classification 
Isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions. 
Alkanes 
Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation. 

Alkenes 
Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff's and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization. 

Alkynes 
Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides; Polymerization. 

Aromatic Hydrocarbons 
Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, FriedelCrafts alkylation, and acylation; Directive influence of functional groups in monosubstituted benzene. 

Unit 16 
Organic Compounds Containing Halogen 
General Methods of Preparation 
Properties and reactions; Nature of CX bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions. 
Uses and Environmental Effects 
Chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT. 

Unit 17 
Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen 
General Methods of Preparation 
Properties, reactions, and uses. 
Alcohols 
Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; Mechanism of dehydration. 

Phenols 
Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation; ReimerTiemann reaction. 

Ethers 
Structure and properties. 

Aldehydes and Ketones 
Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities; Important reactions: nucleophilic addition reactions (HCN, NH3, derivatives), Grignard reagent; Oxidation and reduction (WolfKishner and Clemmensen); Acidity of αhydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish aldehydes and ketones. 

Carboxylic Acids 
Acidic strength and factors affecting it. 

Unit 18 
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 
General Methods of Preparation 
Properties, reactions, and uses. 
Amines 
Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character; Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. 

Diazonium Salts 
Importance in synthetic organic chemistry. 

Unit 19 
Biomolecules 
General Introduction 
Importance of biomolecules. 
Carbohydrates 
Classification: aldoses and ketoses; Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose); Constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose). 

Proteins 
Elementary idea of αamino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation, enzymes. 

Vitamins 
Classification and functions. 

Nucleic Acids 
Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA; Biological functions of nucleic acids. 

Unit 20 
Principles Related to Practical Chemistry 
Detection of Extra Elements 
Detection of nitrogen, sulfur, and halogens in organic compounds. 
Detection of Functional Groups 
Hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones), carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds. 

Preparation of Compounds 
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum; Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform. 

Titrimetric Exercises 
The chemistry involved in acidbase titrations, use of indicators, oxalic acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4. 

Qualitative Salt Analysis 
Chemical principles involved. 

Experiments 
Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4; Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and base; Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols; Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature. 
JEE Main Syllabus 2025 For Mathematics
Unit 
Topics 
Subtopics 
Details 
Unit 1 
Sets, Relations, and Functions 
Sets 
Representation of sets, union, intersection, complement of sets, and their algebraic properties; Power set. 
Relations 
Types of relations, equivalence relations. 

Functions 
Oneone, onto functions, composition of functions. 

Unit 2 
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations 
Complex Numbers 
Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, representation in the form of a + ib, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument of a complex number, square root, triangle inequality. 
Quadratic Equations 
Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems, solutions, relations between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots. 

Unit 3 
Matrices and Determinants 
Matrices 
Algebra of matrices, types of matrices. 
Determinants 
Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. 

Applications 
Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, test of consistency, solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices. 

Unit 4 
Permutation and Combination 
Counting Principle 
Fundamental principle of counting. 
Permutation 
Permutation as an arrangement, meaning of P(n, r), simple applications. 

Combination 
Combination as selection, meaning of C(n, r), simple applications. 

Unit 5 
Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications 
Binomial Theorem 
Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term, middle term, properties of binomial coefficients, simple applications. 
Unit 6 
Sequence and Series 
Arithmetic Progression 
Insertion of arithmetic means between two given numbers. 
Geometric Progression 
Insertion of geometric means between two given numbers, the relation between A.M and G.M. 

Special Series 
Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn², Sn³. 

ArithmeticGeometric Progression 
Concept and simple applications. 

Unit 7 
Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability 
Realvalued Functions 
Algebra of functions: polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions; inverse functions, graphs of simple functions. 
Limits, Continuity, Differentiability 
Basic concepts, differentiation of sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. 

Differentiation 
Trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two. 

Theorems 
Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. 

Applications of Derivatives 
Rate of change of quantities, monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals. 

Unit 8 
Integral Calculus 
Integration 
Integral is an antiderivative, fundamental integral involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. 
Techniques 
Integration by substitution, parts, and partial fractions; integration using trigonometric identities. 

Definite Integrals 
Integral as a limit of a sum, properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of regions bounded by simple curves in standard form. 

Unit 9 
Differential Equations 
Ordinary Differential Equations 
Order and degree, formation, solution by separation of variables, homogeneous and linear differential equations. 
Unit 10 
Coordinate Geometry 
Cartesian System 
Rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus, and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axis. 
Straight Line 
Forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles, centroid, orthocenter, circumcenter of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the intersection of two lines. 

Circle and Conic Sections 
Standard form of equations of a circle, general form, radius, and center; equation of a circle with endpoints of diameter given; intersection of a line and a circle; conditions for tangency; equation of tangent. Standard forms of equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, hyperbola); the condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent, point(s) of tangency. 

Unit 11 
Three Dimensional Geometry 
Coordinates 
Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios, direction cosines, and angle between intersecting lines. 
Lines and Planes 
Skew lines, shortest distance, equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines. 

Unit 12 
Vector Algebra 
Vectors 
Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components in two and three dimensions. 
Products 
Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple products. 

Unit 13 
Statistics and Probability 
Statistics 
Measures of dispersion: mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data; standard deviation, variance, mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data. 
Probability 
Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems, Bayes’ theorem, probability distribution of a random variable, Bernoulli trials, binomial distribution. 

Unit 14 
Trigonometry 
Trigonometric Identities and Equations 
Basic identities and equations. 
Trigonometric Functions 
Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties. 

Applications 
Heights and distances. 
JEE Main Exam pattern 2025  Paper 1
Particulars 
Details 
Exam Mode 
Computerbased examination 
JEE Main exam duration 
3 hours 
Language of Examination 
English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. 
Type of Questions 
· Multiple choice questions (MCQs) · Questions with numerical values as answers 
No. of Sections 
There are three sections: · Mathematics · Physics · Chemistry 
JEE Mains Total questions 
· Mathematics: 30 (20+10) 10 Questions with answers as a numerical value. Out of 10 questions, 5 questions are compulsory. · Physics: 30 (20+10) 10 Questions with answers as a numerical value. Out of 10 questions, 5 questions are compulsory. · Chemistry: 30 (20+10) 10 Questions with answers as a numerical value. Out of 10 questions, 5 questions are compulsory. Total: 90 Questions (30 questions each) 
Total Marks in JEE Mains 2025 
300 Marks (100 marks for each section) 
JEE Mains negative marking 
MCQs: Four marks will be awarded for each correct answer and there will be a negative marking of one mark on each wrong answer. Questions with numerical value answers: Candidates will be given four marks for each correct answer and there will be a negative marking of 1 mark for each wrong answer. 
JEE Main Paper Pattern 2025: Types of questions
In JEE Main each subject has 2 sections one is objective type and the other one is numerical type question divided into Section A and Section B respectively. In Section B students have to fill out any 5 questions out of 10 and enter the correct option with the help of a mouse on the computer screen. Negative markings will be there for both sections. In section be you can round off the answer to the nearest integer
Type of Questions Asked in JEE Mains
Paper 
Subject 
Types of questions 
Paper 1: B.E./B.Tech. 
Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry 
· Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) · Numerical value questions 
Paper 2A: B. Arch 
Part1 Mathematics 
· Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) · Numerical value questions 
PartII: Aptitude Test 
Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 

PartIII: Drawing Test 
Questions to test drawing aptitude 

Paper 2B: B.Plan 
PartI: Mathematics 
· Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) · Numerical value questions 
PartII: Aptitude Test 
Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs 

PartIII: PlanningBased Questions 
Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 
Subjectwise Marks Distribution in JEE Mains
Students should be aware of the subjectwise weightage. Students should check the details given below:
Subjects 
Section A 
Section B 
Marks 
Maths 
20 
10 
100 
Physics 
20 
10 
100 
Chemistry 
20 
10 
100 
Total Marks in JEE Mains 2025 
90 
300 
JEE Main Exam Pattern 2025: Paper 2 (B.Arch & B.Plan)
JEE Main 2025 Exam Pattern Paper 2A
Particulars 
Details 
Mode of Exam 
Computerbased examination except for Drawing section in B.Arch (Pen & Paper based mode) 
Language 
English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. 
Exam Duration 
Three hours 
No. of Sections 
B.Arch (Paper 2A): · Part 1  Mathematics · Part 2  Aptitude test · Part 3  Drawing test B.Plan (Paper 2B): · Mathematics · Aptitude test · Planning tests (MCQs) 
Type of Questions 
B.Arch  · Mathematics: MCQs and questions with numerical value as answers · Aptitude Multiple choice questions · Drawing Drawing aptitude B.Planning · Mathematics MCQs, and questions with numerical value as answers · Aptitude MCQs (Multiple choice questions) · Planning MCQs (Multiple choice questions) 
JEE Mains total questions 
· B.Arch: 82 Questions · B.Plan: 105 Questions 
Total Marks in JEE Mains 2025 paper 2A 
400 Marks 
JEE Mains Marking Scheme 
· MCQs: +4 marks for each correct answer and 1 mark for each wrong answer. · Questions with numerical value answers: +4 marks for each correct answer and 1 for each wrong answer. · Drawing Test: Two questions are evaluated out of 100 marks. 
JEE Main BPlan Exam Pattern 2025
Subjects 
Number of Questions 
Marks 
Mathematics 
30 (20+10*) 5 out of 10* questions with answers as a numerical value have to be answered. 
100 
Aptitude 
50 
200 
Planning Test 
25 
100 
Total 
105 Questions 
400 Marks 
JEE Main 2025 Preparation Tips
JEE Mains 2025 Syllabus
Students should properly understand the syllabus to prioritize the important topics. Knowing the syllabus helps students prepare their study plans. It is a must for students to understand the syllabus. They can download the JEE Main syllabus from jeemain.nta.nic.in
JEE Main 2025 Mock Test
For assessing their performance student can solve mock test papers it is a valuable means to selfassess their preparations. It helps them identify the weak areas and assess if their preparation is fine with exams. They help you in improving your performance.
JEE Main 2025 Sample Papers
By solving the collection of samples you can prepare for the JEE Main 2025 exam to have realtime exam experience. It helps you tone your skills and boost your confidence.
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