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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

JEE Mains & Advanced

Mahatma Gandhi was a paramount leader in India. He did many good things for the country. He is most famous for helping India become free from the British rulers. Gandhi was a smart man. He went to England to study law and then came back to India. He became a leader in the Indian National Congress. This Congress wanted India to be free. Gandhi taught people to fight for their freedom, but not by hurting others. He said, "You must not use violence." This is called non-violence.

The British rulers did not like what Gandhi was doing. They put him in jail many times, but he did not stop. He led many protests and campaigns to show that India wanted to be free. In 1947, India finally became free. Gandhi helped a lot to make this happen. He also helped India become a democracy, where people could choose their leaders.

But some people did not like what Gandhi was doing. In 1948, a man who believed in the Hindu religion shot and killed Gandhi. This was very sad. Even today, people all over the world respect Mahatma Gandhi. His birthday, on October 2nd, is a big celebration in India. People remember him and his teachings. They say he is a great soul, and that's why we call him Mahatma.

In the essays you've read, you've learned about Mahatma Gandhi's life, his ideas, and how he helped India become free. He is a hero, and people celebrate his birthday every year to remember his good work.

How to Present the Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in Exam

When you want to write an essay about Mahatma Gandhi in English, the first thing to do is research. You need to find out all the important information about him. To make your essay good, you should plan how to write it.

Most great essays about famous people or important topics like global warming follow a certain order. This helps the readers understand the information in a limited number of words.

For a Mahatma Gandhi essay, you can follow this structure:


  • Start by introducing who Mahatma Gandhi was. Give a brief overview of his life and why he is important.

Early Life

  • Talk about his youth and where he was born.

  • Explain his education and the things he learned.

Religious Beliefs

  • Describe the religious beliefs that were important to Gandhi and how they influenced his actions.

Contribution to India's Independence

  • Discuss how Gandhi played a big role in helping India become free from British rule.

  • Mention his ideas of non-violence and civil disobedience.


  • Summarize the key points in your essay.

  • End with a final thought about why Mahatma Gandhi is remembered and respected.

To make your essay engaging, make sure to present the information in a clear and organized way. This structure will help you do that, and your readers will be able to understand and learn a lot about Mahatma Gandhi in your essay.

Long and Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 1 (100 words)

Mahatma Gandhi, also called "Bapu" or "Rashtrapita," was a renowned Indian freedom fighter. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, and he passed away on January 30, 1948. Gandhi led the fight for India's independence from British rule. Unfortunately, he was assassinated by a Hindu activist named Nathuram Godse, who was later hanged for this crime. Since 1948, he has been known as the "Martyr of the Nation," a name given to him by Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhi's legacy as a leader of nonviolent resistance and his dedication to India's freedom continue to inspire people worldwide.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 2 (150 words)

Mahatma Gandhi earned the title "Mahatma" because of his remarkable deeds and immense greatness. He was a prominent freedom fighter and a committed advocate of non-violence, guiding India towards independence from British colonial rule.

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, Gandhi ventured to England to study law at a mere 18 years of age. Later, he moved to South Africa to practice law. There, he encountered discrimination due to his dark skin, which led him to become a political activist determined to reform unfair laws.

Upon returning to India, Gandhi initiated a powerful, non-violent movement aimed at achieving India's independence. He famously led the Salt March (known as Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah or Dandi March) in 1930, which inspired countless Indians to join the struggle against British rule in pursuit of their freedom. Gandhi's unwavering commitment to non-violence and his leadership played a pivotal role in India's journey to independence. His legacy continues to inspire people worldwide.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 3 (200 words)

Mahatma Gandhi remains an enduring inspiration in India and around the world, celebrated for his extraordinary character, noble ideals, and dignified life. Born into a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, on October 2, 1869, this date is now celebrated as a significant day in Indian history. Gandhi played an unforgettable and remarkable role in India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Gandhi's journey took him to England for legal studies soon after passing his matriculation exam. In 1890, he returned to India as a lawyer, but his true mission was to aid his fellow Indians suffering under British oppression.

Upon returning to India, Gandhi embarked on a journey to assist his countrymen facing the various challenges of British rule. He initiated the Satyagraha movement, a powerful non-violent resistance campaign against the British government. His leadership gave rise to other momentous movements, including the Non-cooperation movement in 1920, the Civil Disobedience movement in 1930, and the Quit India movement in 1942. These movements shook the foundations of British rule in India and motivated countless ordinary Indians to join the fight for their freedom. Mahatma Gandhi's legacy endures as a symbol of peaceful resistance and the unyielding pursuit of liberty.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 4 (250 words) 

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, Mahatma Gandhi, affectionately known as Bapu, was a remarkable figure in India's history. He played a pivotal role in leading India's struggle for independence from British rule. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Gandhi's educational journey took him to England to study law after completing his schooling in India. Upon his return to India, he embarked on a career as a lawyer. However, he soon recognized the plight of the Indian people who suffered under the oppressive British rule, and he resolved to help them.

Gandhi's weapon of choice was non-violence. He initiated a non-violent independence movement to combat the injustices perpetrated by the British. Despite facing numerous insults and challenges, he steadfastly continued his non-violent battle for India's freedom.

He joined the Indian National Congress, becoming a prominent leader in the Indian independence movement. Gandhi's leadership was instrumental in several significant independence movements, including the Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience, and Quit India movements. These efforts eventually bore fruit, leading to India's independence on August 15, 1947.

Gandhi's unwavering commitment to non-violence and his belief in the unity of people of all religions were central to his struggle for independence. His path was not without obstacles; he was arrested and imprisoned multiple times. However, he persisted in his fight for justice and the freedom of the Indian people.

Tragically, on January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist. His legacy endures as a symbol of non-violence, unity, and India's triumphant journey to freedom.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 5 (300 words) 

Mahatma Gandhi, a true hero, dedicated his entire life to India's freedom struggle. Born on October 2, 1869, into an Indian Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat, he became a leader of the Indian people, earning titles like "Bapu" and "Rashtrapita" for his unwavering fight against British rule. His life story is a wellspring of inspiration for us all.

Gandhi's tools in his battle for freedom were unique: non-violence and Satyagraha movements. He understood the strength in the unity of people, regardless of their differences in caste, religion, community, race, age, or gender. His determination never wavered, even when he faced arrest and imprisonment multiple times.

He is rightly called the Father of our nation, as he wholeheartedly dedicated his energy to liberate India from British tyranny. His tireless efforts led to India's long-awaited independence on August 15, 1947. This day is now celebrated annually as Independence Day in India, marking the end of British rule.

Tragically, after India gained its independence, Gandhi's life was cut short. On January 30, 1948, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist. Though he is no longer with us, his legacy endures. He remains alive in the hearts of every Indian as the "Father of the Nation" and "Bapu."

Gandhi's message was clear: non-violence and unity can achieve the seemingly impossible. His life's work illuminated the path to freedom from British rule, a beacon of hope for generations to come. His memory continues to inspire us to strive for a better world, marked by peace, unity, and freedom. Mahatma Gandhi, our beloved Bapu, will forever be a symbol of selfless dedication to the motherland.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 6 (500 words) 

Non-violence, or 'ahimsa,' is a practice of not causing harm to anyone, be it intentional or unintentional. This concept has been followed by great saints like Gautam Buddha and Mahaveer. However, it was Mahatma Gandhi who made non-violence a powerful tool for change. He used non-violence to combat the British Empire's armed forces and led India to independence without resorting to weapons.

The role of non-violence in India's fight for freedom became prominent through Mahatma Gandhi's involvement. There were other freedom movements in the country at the time, many of which were violent and resulted in significant sacrifices by our freedom fighters. However, non-violence was a peaceful form of protest, an effective way to demand complete independence.

Gandhi used non-violence in every movement against British rule. Some of the most important non-violent movements led by Mahatma Gandhi that shook the British government's foundations include:

Champaran and Kheda Agitations: In 1917, British forces forced the farmers of Champaran to cultivate indigo and sell it at low fixed prices. Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against this practice, and the Britishers were forced to accept the farmers' demands. In Kheda, after a major famine hit the region in 1918, the Britishers refused to provide relief in taxes. Gandhi led peaceful protests, forcing the administration to provide tax relief and temporarily suspend revenue collection.

Non-cooperation Movement: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre and harsh British policies led to the Non-cooperation movement in 1920. Gandhi believed that British rule in India was sustained by Indian support. He called for a boycott of British products and encouraged the use of 'Swadeshi' products. People stopped working for the British, left British schools, civil services, and government jobs, and resigned from prominent positions. This had a profound impact on the British administration, and the Non-Cooperation movement undermined British rule without the use of weapons.

Salt Satyagraha (Salt March): The Salt March, or 'Namak Satyagrah,' was a non-violent protest led by Mahatma Gandhi against the British salt monopoly. The British imposed heavy taxes on salt production, affecting local salt production. Gandhi initiated a 26-day non-violent march to Dandi village, Gujarat, breaking the salt laws and promoting local salt production. This movement gained international attention and further solidified the foundation of independent India.

Quit India Movement: After the successful Salt March, the British government's hold on India weakened significantly. The Quit India Movement, launched by Gandhi on August 8, 1942, demanded the British to leave India. At the time, Britain was already at war with Germany, and the Quit India Movement intensified the situation. A mass non-violent civil disobedience movement swept across the country, demanding India's separation from World War II. The movement was so powerful that the British government agreed to grant India complete independence after the war ended. This was the final blow to British rule in India.

These movements led by Mahatma Gandhi were entirely non-violent, using the power of truth and non-violence to fight the British. Non-violence had such a profound impact that it drew immediate attention from the international community, exposing the harsh policies of British rule to the world.

Mahatma Gandhi always believed that weapons were not the solution to any problem; instead, they created more problems than they solved. Non-violence is a powerful tool that spreads love, compassion, and unity, rather than hatred, fear, and anger. It's a way to fight powerful enemies without using weapons. Beyond the struggle for independence, many modern incidents have shown the importance of non-violence in bringing about positive changes in society without shedding blood.

One day, we hope there will be no violence, and all conflicts and disputes will be resolved through peaceful dialogue, without causing harm or shedding blood. This would be the greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi's legacy and a step towards a more peaceful world.

Read More Essays in English for School Students


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