The genomic content of the nucleus is constant for a given

Question:

The genomic content of the nucleus is constant for a given species whereas the extrachromosomal DNA is found to be variable among the members of a population. Explain.

Solution:

Consider a human cell. It has 46 chromosomes and will be constant for all human beings. But the mitochondria present in the human will have a different amount of

extrachromosomal DNA. As like in human beings, bacteria will have the same amount of genomic DNA but the extra genomic DNA contained in plastids and mitoch

ondria will be different.

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