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What is the role of HNO3 in the nitrating

Question:

What is the role of HNO3 in the nitrating mixture used for nitration of benzene?

Solution:

Nitrating mixture is the mixture of 1:1 solution of HNO3 and H2SO4 and is used for the nitration of organic compounds. It acts as a base and provides electrophile in the nitration process of benzene.

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