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Important Questions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields - PDF Download

Class 12

Science is a complicated and challenging subject for every student, because it involves a lot of theories and concepts which are hard to remember. Due to these difficult derivations and concepts, many students don't opt for science stream after finishing their 10th board exams. Those students who opt for science face many challenges and have to work hard for scoring good marks in the exams. 

Many of the chapters that students learn in class 12 are difficult to pay attention to. Similarly, class 12 science chapter 1 is one of the most challenging chapters. You will get to know about electric charges and fields in this chapter. This chapter's pictures and ideas make it more confusing. The only answer to this problem is to practise more and more physics class 12 chapter 1 important question in order to clarify your concerns.

class 12 physics chapter 1 important questions with answers free pdf was designed by expert teachers from the latest edition of NCERT books to get good marks in board exams. Here, we have provided Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter Wise With Solutions.

Important Topics & Sub-topics of Electric Charges and Fields Class 12 Physics

Here, on this website we can provide important questions and its solution in pdf format for class 12 chp 1 Electric charges and fields, which is basically about Electric charges and its field. Please note that the specifics may vary depending on your curriculum and textbook, the table is being created based upon a sample question paper discussed internally in the coaching center. 

Electric Charge:

  • Define electric charge.

  • Explain the conservation of electric charge.

  • Differentiate between positive and negative charges.

Coulomb's Law

  • State Coulomb's law.

  • Calculate the electrostatic force between two point charges.

  • Understand the inverse square law and its significance.

Electric Field

  • Define electric field and its units.

  • Explain how to calculate the electric field due to a point charge.

  • Describe the direction of the electric field lines for positive and negative charges.

Electric Field Lines

  • Discuss the concept of electric field lines.

  • Explain the properties of electric field lines.

  • Draw the electric field lines for various charge configurations.

Electric Flux

  • Define electric flux.

  • Explain Gauss's law and its significance.

  • Calculate the electric flux through a closed surface.

Gauss's Law

  • State Gauss's law in electrostatics.

  • Apply Gauss's law to calculate the electric field for symmetric charge distributions.

  • Understand the concept of a Gaussian surface.

Electric Dipole

  • Define an electric dipole.

  • Calculate the electric field due to an electric dipole at various points.

  • Discuss the behavior of an electric dipole in an external electric field.

Electric Potential

  • Define electric potential.

  • Explain the concept of electric potential energy.

  • Calculate the electric potential due to point charges.

Equipotential Surfaces

  • Discuss equipotential surfaces.

  • Explain the relationship between electric field and equipotential surfaces.

Class 12 Physics Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields Weightage

In 2023 class 12 physics question papers, it contains 2 object questions and 1 numerical question came from this chapter. The total marks for these 3 questions were 12 numbers. As this is a very easy chapter and foundation of a class 12 physics subject, you should easily score 12 out of 12 marks. 

Tips to Solve Class 12 Physics Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields

To solve Class 12 Physics Chapter 1 effectively, follow these tips:

Understand the Basics: Ensure you have a strong foundation in the fundamental concepts of physics, as Chapter 1 often builds upon these.

Read the Textbook: Start by thoroughly reading your Class 12 Physics textbook. Pay close attention to definitions, formulas, and examples.

Make Notes: Create concise notes summarizing key points, equations, and concepts from the chapter. These notes can serve as quick references during revision.

Solve Examples: Practice solving the examples provided in your textbook. This will help you understand the application of concepts and develop problem-solving skills.

Practice Problems: Work through a variety of problems related to the chapter. You can find additional problems in your textbook, reference books, or online resources.

Use Diagrams: Physics often involves visualizing concepts. Use diagrams and drawings to understand and illustrate key principles.

Ask Questions: Don't hesitate to ask your teacher or classmates if you have doubts or questions about any topic in the chapter.

Online Resources: Utilize online resources, such as video lectures and educational websites, to reinforce your understanding of the chapter.

Work in Groups: Consider studying in groups with classmates. Discussing and teaching each other can enhance your understanding.

Practice Numericals: For chapters involving numerical problems, practice solving a variety of numerical questions to improve your problem-solving skills.

Previous Years' Papers: Solve previous years' question papers to get a sense of the types of questions that may appear in exams.

Time Management: Allocate sufficient time to study Chapter 1, and create a study schedule to cover the entire syllabus effectively.

Regular Revision: Periodically revise the chapter to reinforce your memory and understanding of the concepts.

Stay Healthy: Don't neglect your health. Get enough sleep, eat well, and take short breaks during study sessions.

Stay Positive: Maintain a positive attitude and believe in your ability to master the chapter.

Remember that consistent practice and a deep understanding of the concepts are key to success in Class 12 Physics

Benefits of Important Question of Physics Class 12 Chapter 1

Students who feel they are weak in science get a lot of advantage and knowledge by regularly practising the chapter 1 physics class 12 important questions. It acts like a guide for each student. So some of the benefits of referring to important questions for class 12 physics chapter 1 are given below:

  • The questions which are given are selected considering the format and the syllabus instructed by the CBSE board because any deviations from these can cost students a lot of marks.

  • These questions are selected by our expert individuals who are professionals in the field and have experienced for many years.

  • The selection of questions is made keeping in mind the intellectual capability of students so that they can attain every question in their board exam.

  • The questions that are included in the list are most likely to come in the final exams, thus these questions prepare the students better.

Frequently Asked Question

Question 1 : What are the main concepts students will study in Chapter 1 of Class 12 Physics?

Answer : You will study different concepts related to Electric Charges and Fields in Class 12 Physics Chapter 1. You can study Electrostatic capacitance and potential, current electricity, the relation between moving charges and magnetism, electromagnetic induction, alternating current, and electromagnetic waves. Students must understand all the concepts given and can refer to the important questions given on our website for a clear understanding of the concepts.

Question 2 : What is an electric charge according to Chapter 1 of Class 12 Physics?

Answer : Electric charge is a physical property of any matter. The matter or object experiences a force when it is placed in an electromagnetic field. Electric charges can be positive or negative. The particle that carries a negative charge is known as an electron and the particle that carries a positive charge is known as a proton.


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