Binomial Theorem – JEE Main Previous Year Question with Solutions
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Q. The remainder left out when $8^{2 n}-(62)^{2 n+1}$ is divided by 9 is :-(1) 7             (2) 8               (3) 0             (4) 2 [AIEEE 2009]

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Sol. (4)$8^{2 \mathrm{n}}-(62)^{2 \mathrm{n}+1}$$=(63+1)^{\mathrm{n}}-(63-1)^{2 \mathrm{n}+1}$$=\left(63 \mathrm{I}_{1}+1\right)-\left(63 \mathrm{I}_{2}-1\right)$$=63 \mathrm{I}_{3}+2=9 \mathrm{I}+2 Q. Let S_{1}=\sum_{j=1}^{10} j(j-1)^{10} C_{j}, S_{2}=\sum_{j=1}^{10} j^{10} C_{j} and S_{3}=\sum_{j=1}^{10} j^{20} C_{j}Statement-1: S_{3}=55 \times 2^{9}.Statement-2 : S_{1}=90 \times 2^{8} and S_{2}=10 \times 2^{8}.(1) Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is true ; Statement–2 is a correct explanation for Statement–1.(2) Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is true ; Statement–2 is not a correct explanation for Statement–1.`(3) Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is false.(4) Statement–1 is false, Statement–2 is true. [AIEEE-2010] Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more... Sol. (3)so, statement-2 is wrong. Q. The coefficient of x^{7} in the expansion of \left(1-x-x^{2}+x^{3}\right)^{6} is :-(1) – 144 (2) 132 (3) 144 (4) – 132 [AIEEE 2011] Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more... Sol. (1) Q. If \mathrm{n} is a positive integer, then (\sqrt{3}+1)^{2 \mathrm{n}}-(\sqrt{3}-1)^{2 \mathrm{n}} is :(1) a rational number other than positive integers(2) an irrational number(3) an odd positive integer(4) an even positive integer [AIEEE 2012] Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more... Sol. (2)(\sqrt{3}+1)^{2 n}-(\sqrt{3}-1)^{2 n}$$=2\left[\mathrm{T}_{2}+\mathrm{T}_{2}+\mathrm{T}_{6}+\ldots \ldots+\mathrm{T}_{2 \mathrm{n}}\right]$$=2\left[2 \mathrm{n} \mathrm{C}_{1}(\sqrt{3})^{2 n-1}+2 \mathrm{n} \mathrm{C}_{3}(\sqrt{3})^{2 \mathrm{n}-3}+\ldots \ldots \ldots\right]$$=$ An Irrational Number

Q. The term independent of $x$ in expansion of $\left(\frac{x+1}{x^{2 / 3}-x^{1 / 3}+1}-\frac{x-1}{x-x^{1 / 2}}\right)^{10}$ is :(1) 4             (2) 120               (3) 210               (4) 310 [JEE-Main 2013]

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Sol. (3)$\left(\frac{x+1}{x^{2 / 3}-x^{1 / 3}+1}-\frac{x-1}{x-\sqrt{x}}\right)^{10}$$\left(\mathrm{x}^{1 / 3}+1-\left(\frac{\sqrt{\mathrm{x}}+1}{\sqrt{\mathrm{x}}}\right)\right)^{10}$$\left(\mathrm{x}^{1 / 3}-\mathrm{x}^{-1 / 2}\right)^{10}$$\mathrm{T}_{\mathrm{r}+1}=^{10} \mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{r}}\left(\mathrm{x}^{1 / 3}\right)^{10-\mathrm{r}}\left(\mathrm{x}^{-1 / 2}\right)^{\mathrm{r}}$$\frac{10-r}{3}-\frac{r}{2}=0$20 – 2r = 3rr = 4$\mathrm{T}_{5}=\mathrm{T}_{4+1}=^{10} \mathrm{C}_{4}=\frac{10 !}{6 ! .4 !}=210$

Q. If the coefficients of $x^{3}$ and $x^{4}$ in the expansion of $\left(1+a x+b x^{2}\right)(1-2 x)^{18}$ in powers of $x$ are both zero, then $(a, b)$ is equal to :-( 1)$\left(16, \frac{251}{3}\right)$(2) $\left(14, \frac{251}{3}\right)$(3) $\left(14, \frac{272}{3}\right)$( 4)$\left(16, \frac{272}{3}\right)$ [JEE(Main)-2014]

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Sol. (4)In the expansion of $\left(1+a x+b x^{2}\right)(1-2 x)^{18}$General term $=\left(1+a x+b x^{2}\right) \cdot 18 C_{r}(-2 x)^{r}$Cofficinet of$x^{3}=18 C_{3}(-2)^{3}+a \cdot\left(8 C_{2}(-2)^{2}+b \cdot 18 C_{1}(-2)=0\right.$Cofficinet of$\mathrm{x}^{4}=18 \mathrm{C}_{4}(-2)^{4}+\mathrm{a} \cdot^{18} \mathrm{C}_{3}(-2)^{3}+\mathrm{b} \cdot 18 \mathrm{C}_{2}(-2)^{2}=0$on solving the equations we get$153 \mathrm{a}-9 \mathrm{b}=1632 \quad \ldots$ (i)$3 \mathrm{b}-32 \mathrm{a}=-240 \quad \ldots$ (ii)on solving we get $a=16 \& b=\frac{272}{3}$

Q. The sum of coefficients of integral powers of $x$ in the binomial expansion of $(1-2 \sqrt{x})^{50}$ is :(1) $\frac{1}{2}\left(3^{50}-1\right)$(2) $\frac{1}{2}\left(2^{50}+1\right)$(3) $\frac{1}{2}\left(3^{50}+1\right)$( 4)$\frac{1}{2}\left(3^{50}\right)$ [JEE(Main)-2015]

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Sol. (3)$\because(1-2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})^{50}=50 \mathrm{C}_{0}-^{50} \mathrm{C}_{1}(2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})+50 \mathrm{C}_{2}(2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})^{2}+\ldots \ldots+50 \mathrm{C}_{50}(2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})^{50}$$\therefore consider (1+2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})^{50}=50 \mathrm{C}_{0}+^{50} \mathrm{C}_{1}(2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})+\ldots \ldots+50 \mathrm{C}_{50}(2 \sqrt{\mathrm{x}})^{50}add both equations and put \mathrm{x}=1$$\Rightarrow \mathrm{sum}$ of coefficients of integral powers of$\mathrm{x}=\frac{1}{2}\left(1+3^{50}\right)$

Q. If the number of terms in the expansion of$\left(1 \frac{2}{x}+\frac{4}{x^{2}}\right)^{n}, x \neq 0,$ is $28,$ then the sum of thecoefficients of all the terms in this expansion, is :-(1) 729              (2) 64                (3) 2187             (4) 243 [JEE(Main)-2016]

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Sol. (1 or bonus)Number of terms in the expansion of$\left(1-\frac{2}{x}+\frac{4}{x^{2}}\right)^{n}$ is $^{n}+2 C_{2}$ (considering $\frac{1}{x}$ and $\frac{1}{x^{2}}$ distinct)$\therefore n+2 C_{2}=28 \Rightarrow n=6$$\therefore Sum of coefficients =(1-2+4)^{6}=729But number of dissimilar terms actually will be 2 n+1(as \frac{1}{x} and \frac{1}{x^{2}} are functions as same variable)Hence it contains error, so a bonus can be expected. Q. The value of\left(21 \mathrm{C}_{1}-10 \mathrm{C}_{1}\right)+\left(21 \mathrm{C}_{2}-^{10} \mathrm{C}_{2}\right)+$$\left(^{21} \mathrm{C}_{3}-^{10} \mathrm{C}_{3}\right)+\left(21 \mathrm{C}_{4}-^{10} \mathrm{C}_{4}\right)+\ldots .+$$\left(^{21} \mathrm{C}_{10}-^{10} \mathrm{C}_{10}\right) is(1) 2^{20}-2^{10}(2) 2^{21}-2^{11}(3) 2^{21}-2^{10}(4) 2^{20}-2^{9} [JEE(Main)-2017] Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more... Sol. (1)\left(^{21} \mathrm{C}_{1}+^{21} \mathrm{C}_{2} \ldots \ldots \ldots+210\right.$$-\left(^{10} \mathrm{C}_{1}+^{10} \mathrm{C}_{2} \ldots \ldots \ldots .^{10} \mathrm{C}_{10}\right)$$=\frac{1}{2}\left[\left(^{(21} \mathrm{C}_{1}+\ldots .+^{21} \mathrm{C}_{10}\right)+\left(^{21} \mathrm{C}_{11}+\ldots .2^{21} \mathrm{C}_{20}\right)\right]-\left(2^{10}-1\right)$$=\frac{1}{2}\left[2^{21}-2\right]-\left(2^{10}-1\right)$$=\left(2^{20}-1\right)-\left(2^{10}-1\right)=2^{20}-2^{10} Q. The sum of the co-efficients of all odd degree terms in the expansion of (x+\sqrt{x^{3}-1})^{5}+ (x-\sqrt{x^{3}-1})^{5},(x>1) is-(1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more... Sol. (3)using (x+a)^{5}+(x-a)^{5}$$=2\left[^{5} C_{0} x^{5}+^{5} C_{2} x^{3} \cdot a^{2}+^{5} C_{4} x \cdot a^{4}\right]$$(x+\sqrt{x^{3}-1})^{5}+(x-\sqrt{x^{3}-1})^{5}$$=2\left[^{5} C_{0} x^{5}+^{5} C_{2} x^{3}\left(x^{3}-1\right)+^{5} C_{4} x\left(x^{3}-1\right)^{2}\right]$$\Rightarrow 2\left[x^{5}+10 x^{6}-10 x^{3}+5 x^{7}-10 x^{4}+5 x\right]considering odd degree terms,\quad 2\left[x^{5}+5 x^{7}-10 x^{3}+5 x\right]$$\therefore$ Sum of coefficients of odd terms is 2

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• January 30, 2021 at 11:15 pm

no 729 is correct answer
Number of terms =(n+1)(n+2)2=28

⇒n=6

∴a0+a1x+a2x2+….+a2nx2n=(1−2x+4×2)n

Put x=1,n=6,a0+a1+a2+…+a2n=36=729

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