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JEE Main 2024 Exam Preparation

JEE Mains & Advanced
JEE Main 2024 Exam Preparation

JEE Main is the first step in the IIT JEE process. It's a computer-driven online exam run by the NTA (National Testing Agency) for students who want to study in India's top engineering colleges, like NITs. Students are admitted to these colleges, state-funded technical institutes, and other government-funded technical institutes on the basis of the marks they get in the JEE Main. The NTA score is taken into account by the exam conducting authority when formulating the ranks or merit list. Students can choose to appear in just one exam or in all of them. The top 2.5 lakh students from the JEE Main exam will be eligible to appear in JEE Advanced.

JEE Main Overview

Name of Exam

JEE Main

Exam Duration

3 Hours

Total Marks

300 Marks

Total Sessions in 2023

Two Sessions

Exam Medium

13 Languages

Examination Category

Undergraduate Level Exam

Exam Conducting Authority

NTA (National Testing Agency)


Admissions to 31 NITs, 26 IIITs and 33 GFTIs

Mode of Examination


Test Centres

The exam centres will be allotted as per the choice of cities of the candidates made in their online Application form.

JEE Main Official Website

JEE Main is a standardized examination conducted in various states of India. It is conducted at the undergraduate level to provide admission to a variety of top-tier engineering and technical institutes, either funded by the Government or privately owned. 

The examination is structured in three distinct categories:

  • Paper 1, for those who wish to pursue Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology courses

  • Paper 2A, for those wishing to pursue Bachelor of Architecture or Bachelor of Planning courses

  • Paper 2B, for those seeking to pursue a Bachelor of Planning course. The exam will be held twice a year, in January and April

The questions asked in JEE Main are typically NCERT-based. However, JEE Main exam is renowned for its challenging questions, designed to assess the candidate's comprehension of concepts and analytical abilities.

The JEE Main Eligibility Criteria for 2023 list all the conditions that candidates have to meet in order to qualify for the exam. Therefore, to avoid getting rejected in the later stages, candidates go through and understand these criteria before applying for the exam. We have provided a list of the most significant below.

JEE Main Previous Year Question Papers (FREE PDF Download)

JEE Advanced Previous Year Question Paper (FREE PDF Download)

JEE Main Syllabus 

The syllabus of JEE Main is largely based on the NCERT textbook, while the National Testing Agency (NTA) prescribes a distinct syllabus. This syllabus includes topics that are taught in Classes 11 and 12, such as Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.

The questions in JEE Main are quite simple, but it takes a lot of hard work, practice, and proper preparation. However, one of the biggest difficulties that students face is the lack of time. Therefore, the best way to ace the exam is to have good problem solving skills and time management skills. In addition, before beginning the preparation, students should have a thorough and clear knowledge of all the topics included in JEE Main syllabus.

Candidates are advised to review the syllabus prior to their examination. This will provide them with an understanding of the relevant chapters or topics to focus on, and enable them to create a suitable study plan. In order to accommodate the decision of the National Testing Agency (NTA) to reduce the number of questions in Paper 1, Part I, and Paper 2B, the National Testing Agency has decided to provide a single section of each Subject in each Paper. The total number of Questions to be attempted is 75, with Physics (25), Chemistry (25), and Mathematics (25) remaining unchanged. To ensure proper attention to the relevant chapters, students are advised to pay close attention to them in order to succeed in the examination.

Eligibility Criteria For JEE Main

Eligibility Criteria


Age Limit

There is no specific age limit announced by the authorities. Candidates who have passed the class 12/equivalent examination in 2021, 2022, or appearing in 2023 can apply for JEE Main 2023.

Educational Qualification

Candidates must have cleared the 10+2 examination from a recognized Central/State Board, such as the Central Board of Secondary Education,Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations , etc.

Senior Secondary Examination Subjects (B.E./B.Tech)

Candidates should have studied Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry/Biology/Biotechnology/Technical Vocational Subject, and any other subject in their senior secondary examination.

Senior Secondary Examination Subjects (B.Arch/B.Planning)

Candidates should have studied Language, Physics, Mathematics (mandatory), Chemistry/Biology/Biotechnology/Technical Vocational Subject, and any other subject in their senior secondary examination.

National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)

Candidates who have qualified the senior secondary examination conducted by NIOS with at least 5 subjects including Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are eligible for JEE Main 2023. Candidates who have studied less than 5 subjects in their qualifying exam are not eligible.

Equivalent Examination Outside India

Candidates who have completed the Class 12 (or equivalent) examination outside India or have not cleared the Class 12 (or equivalent) examination from any recognized Central/State Board of India need to provide a certificate from the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) stating that the examination they have passed is equivalent to the Class 12 Examination.

It is important for aspirants planning to appear for JEE Main 2023 to review the eligibility criteria for JEE Main and ensure they fulfill all the requirements before applying for the exam.

Important Chapters for JEE Main



3D Geometry

Sequence and Series

Determinant and Matrices


Straight Lines

Definite Integral

Probability Distribution


Limits and Continuity

Conic Sections

Application of Derivatives

Quadratic Equation

Complex Numbers

Binomial Theorem

Area under the Curve




Ray Optics



EM Waves



Alternating Current

Wave Optics

Electromagnetic Induction




Current Electricity


Magnetic Effects of Current

Properties of Matter

Bohr’s Atomic Model

Waves and Sound


Gaseous and Liquid State

Atomic Structure

Chemical Kinetics

Determinant and Matrices



Chemical Bonding

Surface Chemistry

Coordination Compound

D Block Elements

Aromatic Compounds

Alkyl Halides

P Block Elements



General Organic Chemistry

Carboxylic Acids

Aldehydes and Ketones

Nuclear Chemistry


JEE Main Exam Pattern

The JEE Main exam 2023 paper pattern is essential for candidates who want to prepare for JEE well. It helps in understanding the marking system, the distribution of questions, the sectional weightage, and the duration of the exam. Instead of two papers, there are three papers. 

Paper 1 is for students who want to study B.E./ B.Tech courses in National Institute of Technology (NIT), IIIT, DTU and other Government Funded Training Institutes (GFTIs). 

Paper 2A is for students pursuing B.Arch. 

Paper 2B is for those who want to study Planning courses offered by those institutes. 

By understanding the exam pattern, candidates can gain valuable insights about the entire exam structure. Hence, it is important for students to get a full understanding of the exam pattern and devise an appropriate study plan or strategy to achieve better results.

The JEE Main Paper 1 consists of Maths, Physics and Chemistry whereas Paper 2A consists of Maths and Aptitude and Drawing Tests. Whereas, Paper 2B consists of Mathematics, aptitude and Planning based questions. Candidates can try out the test in one session or both sessions.

The same as last year, the total number of questions will be 90. Candidates will have to try out 75 questions in total. The total mark allocated to each paper will be 300.

Each paper will be computer-based online whereas the paper 2A drawing section will be conducted offline in pen and paper mode. The duration of all three papers is 3 hours.

How to Prepare for JEE Main

Coaching classes are considered as one of the most important options for most students to get a good rank. However, the aspirant can get the result they want without coaching as long as they work hard and come up with an effective preparation plan.

In order to prepare for the JEE Main exam, candidates need to come up with a well-structured study plan. They also need to have an intelligent approach to all aspects. They should know what the exam consists of, study the syllabus carefully, use the appropriate study materials, practice solving questions etc. Additionally, they should be physically and mentally ready to write the test.

In any case, here are some key tips to help each candidate improve their preparation for the exam.

JEE Main Preparation Tips

Start from scratch: Fundamentals are essential for JEE Main preparation. Always focus on structuring and comprehending the fundamentals of all subjects. When the fundamentals are solid, learning becomes easy.

Set a timetable: The preparation curriculum for JEE Main is very comprehensive. To achieve the best results, it is important to plan ahead. Break the syllabus into various parts according to the advantages. You can limit the syllabus to one chapter or one unit. Stick to the schedule and avoid distractions in the meantime.

Know syllabus and pattern: The most important factor for better preparations is to keep oneself up to date with the full syllabus and paper pattern.

Support books: NCERT textbooks are mandatory for JEE Main preparations. Therefore, solve the NCERT textbooks before proceeding to other references.

Study resources: The right study resources will help you study well.

Importance of NCERT books for JEE Main

NCERT textbooks are really important when it comes to cracking JEE Main. They help you get a good grasp on the basics of all three subjects. So, let's take a look at why NCERT curriculum is so important for cracking JEE Main 2023. 

Chemistry: For JEE Main Chemistry, the NCERT Chemistry textbook is a great resource. A lot of the questions in Organic and Inorganic Chemistry are taken straight from the textbook. Make sure you study it thoroughly and get plenty of practice with exercises, question papers, and mock tests. 

Maths: Math is the hardest paper in the exam, so you'll need more study material if you want to get a good grasp of the concepts. But don't worry, you can start with the Chemistry textbook first. The explanations and exercises in it will help you get better at analyzing and solving problems.

Physics: Writing a Physics paper in JEE Main Physics is a bit of a challenge, and the textbook provided by the NCERT is not very helpful in this regard. However, you can always start from the CBSE syllabus, which is also based on the syllabus of the NCERT. Make sure that you thoroughly read through the section to ponder in the textbook.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What is JEE Main?

Answer 1: The Joint Entrance Examination (commonly referred to as JEE Main) is an Indian entrance examination in the field of engineering that is conducted at the national level by the NTA (National Testing Agency) of India. It serves as a stepping stone for admission to a variety of engineering colleges in India, including the NITs and other affiliated institutes.

Question 2: Is JEE Main only for admission to NITs and IIITs?

Answer 2: In addition to the National Institute of Technology (NITs) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIITs), the JEE Main scores may also be used for the admission of other engineering colleges and institutes, including some government and private colleges.