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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

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The NCERT solutions presented here will help students improve their ideas while also suggesting alternative techniques for teachers to address certain difficulties. The goal is to direct individuals towards problem-solving solutions rather than problem-solving in a fixed style. To aid students in learning more quickly, every single question from the NCERT Textbook is addressed in a systematic manner. NCERT Solutions were created after extensive research, To make it simpler for students to finish the entire syllabus before the exams. Although there are many different study materials available online, it is important for students to understand their unique needs and choose the right tools accordingly.

Chemistry class 12 covers subjects in organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry establishes the framework for applied science. Students can learn in-depth information about chemical compounds, Surface Chemistry, biomolecules and how they are used in daily life from each chapter of these NCERT Solutions.

With the help of NCERT solutions, students will be able to perform well on exams and increase their confidence. The solution book was developed using the current curriculum and question types.Students will therefore benefit from practicing and answering the questions in order to become familiar with the format and style of the test.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - Wise List

The solutions have been specifically created to assist students in providing clear answers in board exams and in getting ready for the objective questions they will encounter in JEE and NEET.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - Wise List

The chapters listed below have been taken out of the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry textbook, 2023–2024.

  • Solid State

  • Surface Chemistry

  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • The P-Block Elements

  • Polymers

  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

NCERT Solutions for class 12 Chemistry cover these chapters

Chapter 1 - Solution: Class 12 Chemistry is a challenging topic to take because the course syllabus spans multiple different chapters. Every chapter of Class 12 has solutions provided by NCERT, which attempts to improve students' conceptual understanding. Additionally, it offers an alternative perspective on the subject presented in Chapter 1 and aids students in effectively resolving problems by following a logical process. Class 12 NCERT answers for Chemistry Students can better understand the question format for board exams by reading Chapter 1 in advance. Students can use the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry to prepare for the board exam and to work through the exercise problems in Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 1. 

Raoult's Law, the various types of solutions, the vapor pressure of liquid solutions, the solubility of solids and gasses in a liquid, ideal and non-ideal solutions, the concentration of solutions, colligative properties, and the calculation of molar masses are just a few of the significant concepts covered in Chapter 2 of the Chemistry Class 12 NCERT Solutions.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 1 Subtopics

  1. Types of Solutions

  2. Expressing Concentration of Solutions

  3. Solubility

                3.1 The solubility of a Solid in a Liquid

                3.2 The solubility of a Gas in a Liquid

     4. Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions

               4.1 Vapour Pressure of Liquid-Liquid Solutions

               4.2 Raoult’s Law as a special case of Henry’s Law

               4.3 Vapour Pressure of Solutions of Solids in Liquids 

     5. Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions

               5.1 Ideal Solutions

               5.2 Non-ideal Solutions

     6. Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass

               6.1 Relative Lowering of Vapour Pressure

               6.2 Elevation of Boiling Point

               6.3 Depression of Freezing Point

               6.4 Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure

      7. Abnormal Molar Masses

Chapter 2 - Electrochemistry: The emphasis of Chapter 2 of the Class 12 NCERT Chemistry Book Solutions is on Electrochemistry and its practical applications. Galvanic cells, electrolytic cells, and electrochemical cells are a few of the subjects discussed here.

Students will be able to answer various types of questions that may come in the board exams and admission tests by studying these NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry. To make them easier to understand, these answers are provided in a straightforward, step-by-step fashion.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 2 Subtopics

  1. Electrochemical Cell

  2. Galvanic Cell

                  2.1 Measurement of Electrode Potential

  1. Nernst Equation

                 3.1  Equilibrium Constant From Nernst Equation

                 3.2  Electrochemical Cell and Gibbs Energy of Reaction

     4. The Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions

                 4.1 Measurement of The Conductivity of Ionic Solutions

                 4.2 Variation of Conductivity and Molar Conductivity with Concentration

     5. Electrolytic Cell and Electrolysis

                 5.1 Products of Electrolysis

     6. Batteries

                  6.1  Primary Batteries

                  6.2 Secondary Batteries

     7. Fuel Cells

     8. Corrosion

Chapter 3 - Chemical Kinetics: Chemical Kinetics is a subfield of chemistry that examines the causes and mechanisms of chemical reactions. It has a close connection to both physical and chemical processes. Chemical kinetics Class 12 is separated into three categories: rapid, protracted, and moderate reaction based on its fluctuating rate.

The Arrhenius equation, the temperature dependence of reaction rate, the rate of chemical reaction, and the collision theory of chemical reaction will all be understood by the students. This chapter is provided to help the students comprehend the lesson in a clear and engaging manner.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 3 Subtopics

  1. Rate of a Chemical Reaction

  2. Factors Influencing the Rate of a Reaction

             2.1 Dependence of Rate on Concentration

             2.2 Rate Expression and Rate Constant 

             2.3 Order of a Reaction

             2.4  Molecularity of a Reaction

  1. Integrated Rate Equations

              3.1 Zero Order Reactions

              3.2 First-Order Reactions

              3.3 Half-Life of a Reaction

  1. Pseudo First Order Reaction

  2. Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction

              5.1 Effect of Catalyst Ex 4.6 – Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions

Chapter 4 - The D and F-Block Elements: Class 12 Chemistry's Chapter 4 d- and f-Block Elements is structured in accordance with the NCERT Syllabus for 2023–24. The elements of the d and f blocks of the current periodic table are the subject of this chapter of the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 textbook. Students will first learn about the electronic structure, occurrence, and general traits of transition elements in this chapter, with a focus on the trends in the properties of the first row (3d) transition metals as well as the creation and characteristics of a few key compounds.

This chapter is important for students taking the board exams because it contains several important questions. The Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 8 NCERT solutions are quite beneficial in this aspect.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 4 Subtopics

     1. Position of d-block Elements in the Periodic Table

     2. Position of f-block Elements in the Periodic Table

     3. Electronic Configuration of d-block Elements

     4. General Properties of the d-block Elements or Transition Elements

     5. Transition Elements Important Compounds

     6. Lanthanoids and Actinoids

     7. Applications of d and f-block Elements

Chapter 5 - Coordination Compounds: The many compounds made from transition metals are explained in the chapter on coordination compounds, or chapter 5 of Class 12 Chemistry. In this chapter, the special qualities of these compounds are covered. An essential component of inorganic chemistry is the study of coordination molecules. Other significant subjects covered in this chapter include bonding, isomerism in coordination compounds, the coordination sphere, polyhedron, and oxidation numbers.

Bonding, isomerism in coordination compounds, the coordination sphere, polyhedron, and oxidation numbers are among the important topics treated in this chapter.

Here are subtopics of chapter- Coordination Compounds

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 5 Subtopics

  1. Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds

  2. Definition of Some Important Terms

  3. Bonding in Coordination Compounds

  4. Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds

  5. Isomerism in Coordination Compounds

  6. Bonding in Metal Carbonyls

  7. Importance of Coordination Compounds 

  8. Applications of Coordination Compounds

  9. Stability of Coordination Compounds

Chapter 6 - Haloalkanes and Haloarenes: Our subject specialists have produced and solved the Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Solutions. For convenience of understanding, these answers are presented in plain terms. Alkanes and arenes that include one or more halogens are converted into haloalkanes and haloarenes, respectively. Under the headings of haloalkanes and haloarenes, the NCERT Solutions for Chemistry Class 12 Chapter 6 provide definitions, categorizations, examples, applications, and other subtopics. Explain the processes used to create haloalkanes and haloarenes and the many reactions they go through; connect the haloalkane and haloarenes' structures to numerous kinds of reactions. Utilize stereochemistry to better comprehend the reaction's mechanics.

According to the quantity of hydrogen atoms they contain, haloalkanes—the halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons—come in the following categories. The carbon atom of the aromatic ring is directly connected to the halogen atom in haloarenes, which are aromatic compounds.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 6 Subtopics

  1. Classification

  2. Nomenclature

  3. Methods of Preparation

  4. Physical Properties 

  5. Nature of C-X Bond

  6. Polyhalogen Compounds

  7. Chemical Reactions

Chapter 7 - Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers: In Class 12 Chemistry chapter 7 NCERT Solutions, the differences between alcohol, phenols, and ethers are explained in great detail. Students find it simpler to comprehend all the reactions required in producing alcohol, phenols, and ethers from compounds such as ketone, aldehyde, benzene, sulphonic acid, and cumene after comprehending the differences in nature. Class 12 Chemistry's Chapter 11 on Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers is written in accordance with the NCERT Syllabus for 2023–2024. Students can learn how to write the names of alcohols, phenols, and ethers in accordance with the IUPAC system of nomenclature after studying this chapter about alcohol, phenols, and ethers using the NCERT Solutions.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 7 Subtopics

  1. Classification

  2. Nomenclature 

  3. Ethers

  4. IUPAC names

  5. Structures of Functional Groups

  6. Alcohols and phenols

  7. Mono, di, tri, polyhydric alcohol

  8. Mono, di, tri, trihybrid phenol

Chapter 8 -  Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids: Class 12 Chemistry's Chapter 8: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids is structured in accordance with the NCERT Syllabus for the academic year 2023–2024. The three carbonyl molecules that are most crucial to organic chemistry are aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids. By ozonolysis of alkenes, hydration of alkynes, oxidation of alcohols, or formation of cyanides, aldehydes and ketones are produced. Primary alcohols or aldehydes are subjected to oxidation in order to produce carboxylic acids. Due to resonance stabilization, carboxylic acids are more acidic than alcohols or phenols. Students can review the entire chapter and improve their grades by using the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 8.

Students should devote a lot of time to studying this chapter because it is crucial to understanding organic chemistry. One could find it challenging to fully grasp all the concepts on their own while studying for their boards and preparing for this chapter.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 8 Subtopics

  1. Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group

  2. Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

  3. Physical Properties

  4. Chemical Reactions

  5. Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones

  6. Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group

  7. Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

  8. Physical Properties

  9. Chemical Reactions

  10. Uses of Carboxylic Acids

Chapter 9 - Amines: Chapter 9 of the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Amines help students comprehend amine concepts quickly and easily so that they can retain the intricate structural formulas of amines for a long time. Subject matter experts developed these NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry in accordance with the most recent NCERT Syllabus for 2023–2024 and its standards.

Amines are products of the replacement of hydrogen in ammonia. Students may learn about the name, characteristics, and structure of amines in the Class 12 NCERT Solutions for this chapter. The most significant nitrogen-containing organic compounds are amines. 

Chapter-9 Amines class 12 NCERT is an important chapter for various competitive exams in addition to being essential for boards. Therefore, students planning to take a variety of competitive tests should make it a point to carefully read this chapter.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 9 Subtopics

  1. Nomenclature of Amines

  2. Classification of Amines

  3. Structure of Amines

  4. Physical Properties of Amines

  5. Preparation of Amines

  6. Chemical Reactions

  7. Methods of Preparation for Diazonium Salts

  8. Physical Properties of Diazonium Salts

  9. Chemical Reactions of Diazonium Salts

  10. Importance of Diazonium Salts in the Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds

Chapter 10 - Biomolecules: Chapters on biomolecules are included in the National Council of Educational Research and Training's (NCERT) syllabus for the Class 12 board exam. Chemicals are the building blocks of life; biomolecules like carbohydrates, vitamins, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids make up living things.These interactions between these biomolecules form the molecular logic of biological activities. Additionally, some tiny substances, including vitamins and mineral salts, are essential to how organisms work.  NCERT Solutions for Class 12's Chemistry Chapter 10 discusses the structures and purposes of some of these biomolecules.

Chapter 10 of Class 12 syllabus comprises the concept of a Biomolecule. It explains how all living things develop in order to survive and procreate. However, all living things are composed of inanimate atoms and molecules, and a living thing's chemical reactions are what cause all changes.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter - 10 Subtopics

  1. Carbohydrates

  2. Proteins

  3. Enzymes

  4. Vitamins

  5. Nucleic Acid

  6. Hormones

Importance of Downloading The PDF of NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook Solutions

Students gain benefits from using the Class 12 NCERT PDF Solutions in a variety of ways, including the fact that the solutions are created under expert guidance. PDF’s are easily downloaded and available.It elaborate chapters that are illustrated and diagrammed.

Since chemistry is essential for board exams as well as other competitive exams, a full comprehension of its fundamentals is required. It might be challenging to study for a subject without the right resources and solutions, though. As a result, using the NCERT PDF chemistry solutions or practicing with these resources will aid students in getting good scores.

Since Class 12 is a crucial class in a student's academic career, we at eSaral have taken great effort to provide keynotes following each section with the detailed outline, essential equations, and all the main themes addressed in the reading material.

Despite merely including chapter-ending questions and answers, NCERT solutions are thought to offer important information. The majority of exam questions are either identical to or comparable to these questions. Students are advised to read through the NCERT Textbooks and practice all the questions that are provided at the end of each chapter. These inquiries will allay their fundamental concerns. Additionally, we advise students to take notes from NCERT books and read the entire book aloud to themselves. Studying NCERT textbooks is always advised because they cover the entire curriculum.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1. Is it crucial for students to use the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry?

Answer 1. Students may better comprehend the questions by using the NCERT Intext Solutions Class 12 Chemistry. Students will be able to gain a thorough understanding of the ideas taught in each chapter and boost their self-assurance to perform well on exams. On eSaral, chapter-by-chapter solutions are available for students to utilize as needed. The solutions created by the faculty assist students in identifying their areas of weakness and working to improve those areas for high marks.

Question 2. How can I strengthen my knowledge of organic chemistry for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry?

Answer 2. For some students, organic chemistry might be tough. To improve your understanding, start by grasping the fundamental concepts such as nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, and functional groups. Practice drawing structures, mechanisms, and solving organic reaction-based problems. Using eSaral's NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry are the most reliable resources to score good marks in chemistry.