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NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science PDF

JEE Mains & Advanced

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science help you to solve your any doubts regarding chapters instantly and in an efficient way. You are required to solve the exercise problems  included in the textbook to create a proper understanding of the topics.

While solving the textbook questions, doubts arise among students. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 includes precise explanations and detailed answers to the questions. These std 9 Science NCERT Solutions cover solutions to all the chapters given in the textbook, like Matter, Atoms, Tissues, Living Organisms, Motion, Force, Laws of Motion, Gravitation, Energy and Work, Sound, Natural Resources, etc.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science - Chapter-Wise List

Given below are the chapter-wise class 9 science ncert solutions free pdf. These solutions are provided by the Science experts at Esaral in a proper manner. Go through these chapter-wise solutions to be thoroughly familiar with the concepts.

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science Chapter-wise List

NCERT Solutions of Class 9 Science Book Chapter Brief

Chapter 1: Matter in Our Surrounding

Class 9 science textbook starts with the chapter “Matter in Our Surroundings. Now, scientists have come up with 2 types of classification, i.e., based on physical property and chemical properties. In this chapter, you will learn about the physical properties of matter.

Physical Property: The matter is made up of particles and these particulars are very tiny. The particles of matter have space between them, they are continuously in motion and they attract each other. As we know that the particles of matter are continuously moving, so that they possess kinetic energy. As the temperature rises, particles move faster. The matter around us exists in 3 different states – solids, liquids and gases. All the 3 states of matters have been discussed in-depth with the help of so many day to day activities. Further, the textbook explains how matter changes its state. The state of matter can be changed by changing temperature or pressure. This phenomenon of change of a liquid into vapour at any temperature below its boiling point is called evaporation. The rate change of evaporation depends upon the surface area exposed to the atmosphere, the humidity , the temperature, and the wind speed. Evaporation also causes cooling.

Topic covered in chapter 1:

Definition of matter : solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density; change of state –  melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.

Chapter 2: Is Matter Around Us Pure?

In this chapter of NCERT Class 9 Science you will learn about mixtures, solutions, properties of solutions, separation of mixtures, and physical and chemical changes. What is mixture- Mixtures are summed up by more than one kind of pure form of matter.. What is the solution- A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. After that you will learn about properties of solutions. Concentration of solution with some formula.

  1. Mass by mass percentage of a solution

  2. Mass by volume percentage of a solution

  3. Volume by volume percentage of a solution 

Along with this, you will also learn about compounds and their properties, the difference between mixtures and compounds, the classification of matter, etc.

Topics Covered Class 9 Science Chapter 2 Is Matter Around Us Pure?  

Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures, colloids and suspensions. Physical and chemical changes (excluding separating the components of a mixture).

Chapter 3: Atoms and Molecules

In this chapter 3, you will learn about the laws of chemical combination, atoms and molecules. In this chapter you will get to know how to write a chemical formula, molecular mass and mole concepts and some numerical problems related to these concepts.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules  

Atoms and molecules: Law of chemical combination,Law of conservation of mass, Law of constant proportion,Atoms, Symbols of atom,Atomic Mass, Molecules, Molecules of Atom, Molecules of compound,What Is an ion, Law of Chemical Combination, Chemical formula of common compounds, Atomic and molecular masses.

Chapter 4: Structure of the Atom

In this chapter 9 structure of the Atom, you will learn about various atomic models that were proposed by various scientists. More in this chapter, it  covers electrons’ distribution in different orbits,atomic number and mass number.and calculation of valency

Topics  in Class 9 Science Chapter 4 Structure of the Atom   

Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons and neutrons, Valency, Atomic Number and Mass Number, Isotopes and Isobars.

Chapter 5: The Fundamental Unit of Life

This chapter belongs to Biology. In this chapter, you will get to know that the cell is the fundamental unit of life. The whole chapter is based on the cell and its structural organisation, in which you will learn about the cell wall, plasma membrane, nucleus, structure of an animal cell and cytoplasm .

Topics Class 9 Science Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit of Life  

Cell – Basic Unit of life: Cell as a basic unit of life;eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; Lysosome, Mitochondria, nucleus, chromosomes – basic structure, cell division.

Chapter 6: Tissues

This chapter also belongs to biology, in this chapter we are going to learn about the basic definition of tissue and then elaborates on Plant and Animal tissue with proper diagrams. You will get to know the different types of plant and animal tissues with a detailed explanation of each.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 6 Tissues  

Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues:Meristematic tissue, permanent tissues animals, Animal Tissue:Epithelial tissue and connective tissue, muscular tissue, Nervous tissue

Chapter 7: Diversity in Living Organism

In this chapter we will learn about classification of plants and animals. You will get to know that all living organisms are divided into 5 kingdoms namely Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. It also describes the classification and evolution, the hierarchy of classification.

Chapter 8: Motion

In this chapter 8, we will study about motion, rate of change of velocity, the speed with direction, and graphical representation of motion. Also, you will find the 3 equations of motion and numerical problems related to them. All in all, this chapter will be a mix of theory as well as the numerical part.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 8 Motion :

Motion: Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion, elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Chapter 9: Force and Law of Motion

This chapter describes the 3 laws of motion with the help of diagrams and with real life examples. Below are the 3 laws of motion:

  1. First law of motion: An object continues to be in a state of rest or of uniform motion along a straight line unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

  2. Second law of motion: The rate of change of momentum of an object is proportional to the applied unbalanced force in the direction of the force.

  3. Third law of motion: To every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, and they act on two different bodies.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 9 Force and Law of Motion  

Force and Newton’s laws: Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration.

Chapter 10: Gravitation

In this chapter 10 of NCERT Class 9 Science, you will learn the universal law of gravitation and its importance, free fall, mass, weight, thrust and pressure, Archimedes’ principle and relative density. Students will also find numerical problems based on these topics.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 10 Gravitation 

Gravitation: Gravitation : Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Free fall.

Floatation: Thrust and Pressure. Archimedes’ Principle; Buoyancy.

Chapter 11: Work and Energy

In this chapter 11 Work and Energy, the concept of work is defined with different activities, numerical and examples. The chapter also discussed energy and its different forms. Examples are mentioned in this chapter to explain all types of energy. The chapter ends with the topic “rate of doing work”.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 11 Work and Energy  

Work, Energy and Power: Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy (excluding commercial unit of Energy).

Chapter 12: Sound

Chapter 12 of NCERT Class 9 Science, deals with concepts such as the production of sound, propagation of sound, the reflection of sound, range of hearing, applications of ultrasound, and the structure of the human ear. A few numericals are also there in the chapter which can only be solved after clearing the concepts. So, you must grasp and study the chapter carefully.

Topics in Class 9 Science Chapter 12 Sound

Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo.

Chapter 13: Why Do We Fall Ill?

NCERT Class 9 Science chapter 13 Why Do We Fall Ill, deals with health issues and different types of diseases. This chapter covers topics like; Health and its failure, disease and its cause, infectious diseases. This chapter is added to make you aware of different types of diseases so that they take care of their health and be fit and healthy.

Chapter 14: Natural Resources

Chapter 14 Natural Resources is all about our Natural Resources, we are blessed with natural resources. These are essential to meet the basic requirements of all forms of life on Earth. So, this chapter is included by NCERT to provide knowledge on the types of resources available on the Earth. It deals with topics like air, water, soil, the biogeochemical cycle and the ozone layer, its importance and how humans are polluting them.

Chapter 15: Improvement in Food Resources

The last chapter of NCERT Class 9 Science covers topics such as Improvement in crop yields, manure, fertilizer, storage of grains, and animal husbandry. This chapter provides knowledge regarding farming,  agriculture and dairy.

Benefits of Downloading PDF of NCERT Grade 9 Science Solutions from 

Class 9 science book has a wide variety of features which are listed below:

  • Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions are available to everyone for free in pdf form.

  • Covers all the exercise problems given in the Class 9 textbook.

  • Class 9 Science Solutions files are available for download in PDF format for easy access.

  • Diagrams are also included to help you visualize the topics.

  • Most effective and easy solutions are given which can help to score well in the exams.


Question 1: How many chapters are there in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science?

Answer:  About 15 chapters are there in the Class 9 Science of NCERT Solutions. 

Chapter 1 - Matter in Our Surroundings

Chapter 2 - Is Matter Around Us Pure

Chapter 3 - Atoms and Molecules

Chapter 4 - Structure of The Atom

Chapter 5 - The Fundamental Unit of Life

Chapter 6 - Tissues

Chapter 7 - Diversity in Living Organisms

Chapter 8 - Motion

Chapter 9 - Force and Laws of Motion

Chapter 10 - Gravitation

Chapter 11 - Work and Energy

Chapter 12 - Sound

Chapter 13 - Why Do We Fall ill

Chapter 14 - Natural Resources

Chapter 15 - Improvement in Food Resources

Question 2 : Is the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science sufficient for the exam preparation?

Answer: The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science is framed by the expert at eSaral, keeping in mind the understanding abilities of students. The solutions are accurate and detailed to help you to understand complex topics easily. 



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