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CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 PDF Download

JEE Mains & Advanced

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is going to conduct the12th board exams for class 12 from February 15 onwards. The exams will be based on the latest syllabus excluding the deleted topics guided by CBSE. Therefore, you must carefully analyse the revised syllabus and prepare according to the topics mentioned in the prescribed syllabus for the 2023-24 academic session.

The updated CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 has been made available by the Central Board of Secondary Education. This year, there is no term-based examination system, and the CBSE has resumed using the one-time test structure. You will now need to study for the yearly exams using the entire syllabus.

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 PDF

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Math PDF Download
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics PDF Download
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry PDF Download
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Biology PDF Download
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 English PDF Download

CBSE class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 Subject-wise

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 has been released on the official website. You can download subject-wise CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 PDF from this platform. The page also contains detailed topic-wise marks weightage, deleted topics for each subject, and the latest question paper pattern for final board exams to help students plan their preparation and focus on topics with high weightage.

CBSE reduced the class 12 syllabus by 30% in the session of 2021-22 due to the pandemic. After then, it has continued the reduction in the syllabus for subsequent sessions. For this session 2023-24 also, CBSE is following the reduced syllabus. You can check the subject-wise CBSE Class 12 Deleted Syllabus in this page.

Since the board exams of class 12 will be conducted on an annual basis this year, CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 is not divided into any term like term 1 and term 2. You have to study the entire syllabus for their final examinations. 

The maximum mark for any subject in CBSE Class 12 Exams 2024 is 100. These total marks are further divided into 70 and 30 for theory and practical respectively. For subjects without practicals, the marks are divided into theory 80 and internal assessment 20.

CBSE has also announced slight changes in CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2023-24 in accordance with NEP 2020. As per the new exam pattern, you will get 40% competency-based questions, 20% MCQs, and 40% descriptive-type questions in their final exams.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Math

Unit Name

Marks

Relations And Functions

08

Algebra

10

Calculus

35

Vectors And 3D Geometry

14

Linear Programming

05

Probability

08

Total

100

Internal Assessment

20

Unit-I: Relations & Functions

1. Relations & Functions

Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive, and equivalence relations. One-to-one and onto functions.

2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions.

Unit-II: Algebra

1. Matrices 

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. On Commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

2. Determinants

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix

Unit-III: Calculus

1. Continuity and Differentiability

Continuity and differentiability, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions, like sin−1 𝑥 , cos−1 𝑥 and tan−1 𝑥, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives.

2. Applications of Derivatives

Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as reallife situations).

3. Integrals

Integration as an inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals

4. Applications of Integrals

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only)

5. Differential Equations

Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:

dydx+py=q

, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

dydx+px=q

, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry 

1. Vectors

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors. 

2. Three-Dimensional Geometry

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Angle between two lines. 

Unit-V: Linear Programming

1. Linear Programming

Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints). 

Unit-VI Probability

1. Probability

Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean of random variable.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics

Units

Chapters

Marks

Unit–I: Electrostatics

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

16

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Unit-II: Current Electricity

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Unit-III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

17

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Unit-IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Unit–V: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

18

Unit–VI: Optics

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

 

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Unit–VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

12

Unit–VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

Chapter–12: Atoms

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Unit–IX: Electronic Devices

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

7

Total

70

 Unit I- Electrostatics                                                                              

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-force between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor (no derivation, formulae only). 

Unit II- Current Electricity                                                       

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff's rules, Wheatstone bridge.

Unit III- Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism                                      

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment.

Biot - Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.

Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometer its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines.

Magnetic properties of materials- Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials, effect of temperature on magnetic properties. 

Unit IV- Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents                  

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction                                    

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz's Law, Self and mutual induction.

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit (phasors only), resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current. AC generator, Transformer.

Unit V- Electromagnetic waves                                             

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative idea only).

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI- Optics                                                                                            

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. 

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Wave Optics: Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection, and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width (No derivation final expression only), coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima (qualitative treatment only). 

Unit VII- Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter                                                   

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. Experimental study of photoelectric effect Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.

Unit VIII- Atoms and Nuclei                                                         

Chapter–12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Expression for radius of nth possible orbit, velocity, and energy of electron in his orbit, of hydrogen line spectra (qualitative treatment only).

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Unit IX- Electronic Devices                                                                      

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors, and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors- p and n-type, p-n junction Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, application of junction diode -diode as a rectifier.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry

Units

Topic

Marks

1

Solutions

7

2

Electrochemistry

9

3

Chemical Kinetics

7

4

d -and f -Block Elements

7

5

Coordination Compounds

7

6

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

6

7

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

6

8

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

8

9

Amines

6

10

Biomolecules

7

 

TOTAL

70

Unit-II: Solutions 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult's law, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor

Unit-III: Electrochemistry

Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion.

Unit-IV: Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), activation energy, Arrhenius equation.

Unit-VIII:  D and F Block Elements  

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

  • Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. 

  • Actinides - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids. 

Unit-IX: Coordination Compounds 

Coordination compounds - Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).

Unit-X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions. 

  • Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Unit-XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. 

  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. 

  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

Unit-XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses. 

  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Unit-XIII: Amines

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. 

  • Diazonium Salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit-XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.

  • Proteins - Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure.

  • Vitamins - Classification and functions. 

  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Biology

Unit

Topic

Marks

VI

Reproduction 

16

VII

Genetics and Evolution

20

VIII

Biology and Human Welfare

12

IX

Biotechnology and its Applications

12

X

Ecology and Environment

10

TOTAL

70

Unit-VI Reproduction

Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination - types, agencies and examples; out breeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization; post fertilization events - development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes- apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Chapter-3: Human Reproduction

Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis -spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea).

Chapter-4: Reproductive Health

Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control - need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies - IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit-VII Genetics and Evolution

Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation

Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; Sex determination - in humans, birds and honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance - haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans - thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes.

Chapter-6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance

Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central Dogma; transcription, genetic code, translation; gene expression and regulation - lac operon; Genome, Human and rice genome projects; DNA fingerprinting.

Chapter-7: Evolution

Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidences); Darwin's contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution; mechanism of evolution - variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy - Weinberg's principle; adaptive radiation; human evolution.

Unit-VIII Biology and Human Welfare

Chapter-8: Human Health and Diseases

Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm) and their control; Basic concepts of immunology - vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence - drug and alcohol abuse.

Chapter-10: Microbes in Human Welfare

Microbes in food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and microbes as bio-control agents and bio-fertilizers. Antibiotics; production and judicioususe.

Unit-IX Biotechnology and its Applications

Chapter-11: Biotechnology - Principles and Processes

Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology).

Chapter-12: Biotechnology and its Applications

Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, stem cell technology, gene therapy; genetically modified organisms - Bt crops; transgenic animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents.

Unit-X Ecology and Environment

Chapter-13: Organisms and Populations

Population interactions - mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes - growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution. (Topics excluded: Organism and its Environment, Major Aboitic Factors, Responses to Abioitic Factors, Adaptations)

Chapter-14: Ecosystem

Ecosystems: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy (Topics excluded: Ecological Succession and Nutrient Cycles).

Chapter-15: Biodiversity and its Conservation

Biodiversity-Concept, patterns, importance; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife, sanctuaries and Ramsar sites.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 English

Section A

Reading Skills

Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage - 20 Marks

1. There will be one unseen passage to assess comprehension, interpretation and inference. Vocabulary and inference of meaning will also be determined. The passage may be factual, descriptive or literary and the,arks for this will be 10x1=10 Marks

2. One unseen case-based passage with verbal/visual inputs like statistical data, charts etc for 10x1=10 Marks

Section B

3. Creative Writing Skills - 20 Marks

The parthas Short and Long writing tasks.

  1. Notice up to 50 words. One out of the two given questions is to be answered.  (5 Marks: Format: 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar: 1 ).

  2. Formal/Informal Invitation and Reply up to 50 words. One out of the two given questions to be answered. (5 Marks: Format: 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar :1 ).

  3. Letters based on verbal/visual input, to be answered in approximately 120-150 words. Letter types include an application for a job with bio-data or a resume. Letters to the editor (giving suggestions or opinions on issues of public interest). One out of the two given questions is to be answered. (5 Marks: Format: 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar :1 ).

  4. Article/ Report Writing, descriptive and analytical in nature, based on verbal inputs, to be answered in 120-150 words. One out of the two given questions to be. (5 Marks: Format: 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar:1).

Section C

This section will have a variety of assessment items including Multiple Choice Questions, Objective Type Questions, Short Answer Type Questions and Long Answer Type Questions to assess comprehension, analysis, interpretation and extrapolation beyond the text.

4. Reference to the Context (40 Marks)

  1. One Poetry extracts out of two from the book Flamingo to assess comprehension, interpretation, analysis and appreciation. (6x1=6 Marks)

  2. One Prose extract out of two from the book Vistas to assess comprehension, interpretation, analysis and appreciation. (4x1=4 Marks)

  3. One prose extracts out of two from the book Flamingo to assess comprehension, interpretation and analysis. (6x1=6 Marks)

5. Short answer type question (from Prose and Poetry from the book Flamingo), to be answered in 40-50 words. Questions should elicit inferential responses through critical thinking. Five questions out of the six given are to be answered. (5x2=10 Marks)

  1. Short answer type question, from Prose (Vistas), to be answered in 40- 50 words. Questions should elicit inferential responses through critical thinking. Any 2 out of 3 questions to be done. (2x2=4 Marks)

  2. One Long answer type question, from Prose/Poetry (Flamingo), to be answered in 120-150 words. Questions can be based on incident/theme/passage/extract/event as reference points to assess extrapolation beyond and across the text. The question will elicit an analytical and evaluative response from students. Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1x5=5 Marks)

  3. One Long answer type question, based on the chapters from the book Vistas, to be answered in 120-150 words to assess global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the text. Questions to provide evaluative and analytical responses using incidents, events, and themes as reference points. Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1x5=5 Marks)

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

Assessment of Listening Skills - 05 marks.

Assessment of Speaking Skills – 05 Marks

Project Work - 10 Marks

CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus: Prescribed Books

  1. Flamingo: English Reader published by National Council of Education Research and Training, New Delhi 

Prose

  • The Last Lesson

  • Lost Spring

  • Deep Water

  • The Rattrap

  • Indigo

  • Poets and Pancakes

  • The Interview

  • Going Places

Poetry

  • My Mother at Sixty-Six

  • Keeping Quiet

  • A Thing of Beauty

  • A Roadside Stand

  • Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

  1. Vistas: Supplementary Reader published by National Council of Education Research and Training, New Delhi

  • The Third Level

  • The Tiger King

  • Journey to the end of the Earth

  • The Enemy

  • On the Face of It

  • Memories of Childhood

○ The Cutting of My Long Hair

○ We Too Are Human Beings

Benefits of Completing the CBSE Syllabus before the exam

Let’s see what these useful tips are.

  • Take a look at your CBSE subjects and make a study plan

Without a study plan, completing the syllabus is a tough job. Take a look at your subjects one by one and make a timetable. Start from your morning and include every detail in it. Make a list of your strong and weak points and work on them properly. As you are starting to work on completing your syllabus much before your exams, then you have the time to analyse it. Stick this timetable in front of your study desk, which will remind you to complete your syllabus.

  • Start with the subject you like the most

The majority of students start with the subject they fear and find difficult, and in return, it does not give fruitful results to them. Starting from the subjects you fear creates a sense of detachment from your study that simply delays your learning process. Hence, mentioning your strong and weak points in the timetable is a must. Along with this, start with the subject you like the most, as it will motivate you to do more. The subject you are already familiar with will be completed on time, and you will get enough time to revise.

  • Write what you have learned

Writing is one of the most underrated exercises that help students to retain information for a longer duration. Pick one lesson, understand the concepts clearly and then write down the important pointers from it. Writing this will act as your flash card during your exam preparation and will retain your information precisely. Develop this habit of writing short notes in your diary and use it accordingly.

  • Make your own questions

It is interconnected with the third tip. When you complete your lesson, try to form your own questions from it. As of now, exams are offline, and you need to develop the habit of writing your answers quickly to complete your paper on time. It will help you with completing the syllabus on time and developing the habit of writing the answers quickly. When you will prepare your own set of questions, then you will be familiar with the particular topic.

  • Go through old papers and class notes

When a teacher teaches you a particular topic in class, try to make notes of it as there is a 90% chance that this could be your question in the exam. Go through last year's question papers as it will help you find a pattern as to what type of questions are asked and you will be able to divide which lesson holds more percentage of scoring high marks.

  • Time Management is really important

Try to manage your time with different time management techniques and follow the timetable accordingly. Assign yourself a strategy to complete a particular chapter in an hour and try to follow that. Don’t forget to reward yourself after doing it as it will self-motivate you.

  • Take guidance from a personal home tutor

Guidance is a must to complete your syllabus. Hire a professional home tutor that can assist you to track your progress, make you understand your concepts, clear your doubts, and help to complete your CBSE syllabus on time.

 

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