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Essay On Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

JEE Mains & Advanced

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is a superhero for our country. He's an inspiration for millions of people because he changed his life from being treated badly in his childhood to becoming the smartest and most educated person in India at his time. He's also the one who made the plan for our country's rules, called the Constitution.

Bhimrao Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting for fairness, equality, and the rights of people who were treated badly. He didn't just talk about it; he did something to make things better. He was good at politics, always working hard to make our country a better place. He wasn't just a politician, though. He was also someone who cared a lot about changing how people treat each other and making things fair for everyone.

Besides being a great politician, he was a thinker, a writer, and even a smart economist. His ideas and the way he talked made a big impact on people. He always said that education is super important, and so is being a good person. In 1947, he became India's first law minister, which means he was in charge of making sure the laws in our country were fair and just.

So, Bhimrao Ambedkar is like a hero because he didn't let a tough start in life stop him. He used his brain and his heart to make our country better, and we can all learn from him.

Why is the Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Important for Your Exams? 

The essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is important for exams because it tells the story of an incredible person who made a big difference in our country. It's like a guide to understanding how one person, no matter where they start, can do amazing things.

Firstly, Dr. Ambedkar's life teaches us about overcoming challenges. He faced a lot of tough times when he was young because people treated him badly just because of who he was. But he didn't let that stop him. Instead, he worked hard and became the smartest person of his time in India. This shows us that no matter how tough things are, we can still achieve great things if we don't give up.

Secondly, the essay talks about how Dr. Ambedkar helped make the rules for our country, called the Constitution. Learning about this is like understanding how the important laws and rights we have today came to be. It shows us the importance of fairness and equality, and how one person's ideas can shape a whole nation.

Moreover, the essay highlights Dr. Ambedkar's dedication to fighting for justice and the rights of people who were treated unfairly. This teaches us about the importance of standing up for what is right and making sure everyone is treated with respect. It's a lesson in being a good and caring person, not just for ourselves but for everyone around us.

In exams, knowing about Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is important because it's not just about history; it's about learning from a person who had a positive impact on our country. It's a chance to understand the values of hard work, justice, and equality, which are important not only in exams but also in life. So, studying Dr. Ambedkar is like learning valuable life lessons that can help us become better individuals.

Long and Short Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

The essays below provide simple and true information about Bhimrao Ambedkar, a great leader in India's history. They cover Babasaheb's early life, the challenges he faced in school due to his lower caste, his conversion to Buddhism, his role in Mahad Satyagraha, and his efforts to eliminate caste discrimination. These essays are helpful for Ambedkar Jayanti on 14th April, and suitable for essay writing, speeches, and debates. Choose the one that fits your requirements and gain insights into the life of this remarkable leader.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 1 (100 words) 

Babasaheb Ambedkar, whose full name was Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was born on April 14, 1891, in a small village in Madhya Pradesh to Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai. In his early years, he showed a keen interest in studies, eventually becoming the first law minister of India after its independence. Babasaheb passionately advocated for the rights of the backward class, fighting against the injustice faced by the Untouchables or Dalits. Notably, he drafted the Indian Constitution in Hindi, the national language. In recognition of his immense contributions, he was honored with the Bharat Ratna in 1990. Babasaheb Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956, due to diabetes. His legacy lives on through numerous statues and parks built in his memory.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 2 (150 words)

Born into a Dalit family on April 14, 1891, in the small Mhow village of Madhya Pradesh, Bhimrao Ambedkar faced discrimination throughout his life. His parents, Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai instilled in him a love for learning. Despite being an exceptional student, he confronted prejudice at every turn. Pursuing higher education, he attended Bombay University, Columbia University in the USA, and the London School of Economics.

Fondly known as Babasaheb, Ambedkar dedicated his life to the welfare of Untouchables or Dalits. Recognized as the father of the Indian Constitution, he holds a special place in history for drafting it in Hindi, the national language. His tireless efforts for social justice and equality have left an indelible mark, earning him the title of a champion for the oppressed. Babasaheb Ambedkar's legacy endures, symbolized by his significant role in shaping India's constitutional framework and advocating for the marginalized.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 3 (200 words) 

Bhimrao Ambedkar, born in a small village in Madhya Pradesh to Dalit parents Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai, faced unequal opportunities due to his social background. Despite encountering social discrimination and being treated with inferiority by teachers and peers, he remained resilient. Excelling in studies, he enrolled at Bombay University and later pursued a Ph.D. in economics and political science at Columbia University, USA.

Upon returning to India, Ambedkar played a pivotal role in drafting the country's constitution and became its first law minister post-independence. Revered as the father of the Indian Constitution, he was affectionately known as Babasaheb by his fellow countrymen, symbolizing his paternal role in their lives. Ambedkar tirelessly advocated for the rights of lower castes, emphasizing education and striving for equality. His efforts extended to challenging discriminatory practices, such as advocating for the entry of Untouchables into temples and addressing gender inequality.

In recognition of his monumental contributions, Ambedkar was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1990. Before his passing, he embraced Buddhism, marking a significant spiritual shift in his life. The legacy of Bhimrao Ambedkar endures as a beacon of social justice and equality, influencing generations to come.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 4 (250 words) 

Bhimrao Ambedkar, born in a humble Dalit family to Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai in a small Mhow village of Madhya Pradesh on April 14, 1891, emerged as an exceptional leader. Celebrated annually as Ambedkar Jayanti, his birth date commemorates the legacy of a man who triumphed over social adversity. Despite facing discrimination due to his lower caste, Ambedkar's resilience fueled his journey to become one of the greatest scholars in history.

Childhood for Ambedkar was marked by relentless struggles against Untouchability. Teachers and upper-caste students subjected him to prejudice, denying him basic rights like sitting near them or touching the water pot. Undeterred, he excelled academically, obtaining degrees from Elphinstone College, Bombay, and postgraduate qualifications from the London School of Economics. His academic journey continued with a doctorate in political science and economics from the University of Columbia, USA.

A multifaceted figure, Ambedkar was a social activist, economist, reformer, and politician. As the first law minister of Independent India, he played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian constitution. His vision aimed at dynamic social reforms, advocating for the rights of suppressed and backward communities. He dedicated himself to eradicating the caste system, promoting education, and uplifting the Untouchables.

Founder of the Independent Labour Party and the Scheduled Caste Federation, Ambedkar also contributed to the Finance Commission of India and the Reserve Bank of India. In 1956, he embraced Buddhism, marking a profound spiritual shift. His death on December 6 is mourned annually. In 1990, he posthumously received the Bharat Ratna, honoring his indelible contributions to India. Bhimrao Ambedkar's legacy stands as a testament to the power of determination and the pursuit of social justice.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 5 (300 words)

Babasaheb Ambedkar, a prominent Dalit leader in post-independence India, devoted his efforts to championing the social and political rights of Dalits and other marginalized communities. As a representative of the Untouchables, his work played a pivotal role in reshaping the narrative of social justice in the country.

Dalit Buddhist Movement and Navayana Buddhism

Ambedkar's significant contribution to the Dalit Buddhist movement marked a turning point in the struggle for equality. This movement, initiated by Ambedkar, reinterpreted Buddhism and gave rise to a new school known as Navayana. Launched in 1956, the movement saw the mass conversion of nearly half a million Dalits to Navayana Buddhism.

Rejecting Hinduism and the Caste System

A core aspect of the movement was the collective rejection of Hinduism and the caste system. Ambedkar and his followers refused to adhere to the traditional sects of Buddhism, such as Theravada, Vajrayana, and Mahayana, opting instead for the new form of Buddhism advocated by Ambedkar. This reinterpretation focused on the principles of social equality and class struggle.

Ambedkar's Thoughtful Conversion

Ambedkar's decision to convert to Buddhism was a thoughtful and deliberate choice. He had extensively written about Buddhism as the path to Dalit equality, emphasizing its potential to reshape their identity and challenge the prevailing social norms. On October 14, 1956, in a ceremony at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur, Ambedkar, along with a large number of supporters, formally embraced Buddhism.

A Radical Rejection of Hinduism

His conversion represented a radical rejection of Hinduism, which he believed had failed to secure human rights and perpetuated caste discrimination. In a conference held in Nashik, he declared that while he was born a Hindu, he would not die as one. Ambedkar saw Buddhism as a liberating force that could uplift the social status of the so-called "Lower classes" in the country.

Buddhism's Emphasis on Inner Potentiality

According to Ambedkar, Buddhism directed individuals toward realizing their inner potentiality and encouraged righteous action. His conviction in the transformative power of conversion was rooted in the belief that embracing Buddhism could bring about positive changes in the social status of the marginalized sections of society.

In conclusion, Babasaheb Ambedkar's conversion to Buddhism was a well-thought-out act that not only symbolized a break from the oppressive caste system but also offered a new perspective for the Dalit community to redefine their identity and place in society.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 5 (400 words)

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a multifaceted leader, was not only an activist but also an economist, jurist, politician, and social reformer. His tireless efforts were dedicated to advocating for the rights of Dalits and lower castes in India. His impactful role in drafting the Indian constitution earned him the title of the architect of the Indian constitution. Ambedkar vehemently campaigned against entrenched social evils like untouchability and caste discrimination.

Mahad Satyagraha: A Defiance Against Segregation

In the rigid Indian caste system, untouchables faced severe segregation from the Hindu society. Denied access to public water sources utilized by Hindus, they were subjected to social injustice. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar orchestrated the Mahad Satyagraha on March 20, 1927, in Mahad, Maharashtra. The movement aimed to secure the right for untouchables to use public tank water.

Ambedkar emphasized that the march to the Chavadar tank was not merely about accessing water but was a call to establish the principles of equality. He urged Dalit women to discard traditional customs and adopt the attire of upper-caste Indian women. Ambedkar's powerful speech influenced Dalit women to embrace sarees like their higher-caste counterparts, supported by women like Indirabia Chitre and Lakshmibai Tipnis.

Challenges and Triumphs

Rumors circulated that untouchables would defile the Vishweshwara Temple, leading to riots instigated by upper-caste mobs attacking untouchables and vandalizing their homes. Hindus performed a purification puja to cleanse the tank water, claiming it had been polluted by Dalits. Despite these challenges, Ambedkar persisted, planning a second conference in Mahad on December 25, 1927.

However, a legal obstacle arose as Hindus filed a case arguing that the tank was private property. The Satyagraha movement was temporarily halted as the case was sub judice. It was only in December 1937 that the Bombay High Court ruled in favor of untouchables, affirming their right to use tank water.

Legacy of Equality and Justice

Babasaheb Ambedkar's unwavering commitment to the equality of untouchables and lower castes reverberates through history. As an activist, he ardently demanded social equality and justice. His role in Mahad Satyagraha stands as a testament to his resilience in challenging social norms and fighting for the rights of the marginalized. Ambedkar's legacy continues to inspire generations to strive for a more inclusive and equitable society.

Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 6 (500 words) 

Bhimrao Ambedkar, affectionately known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was a distinguished Indian economist, jurist, politician, writer, philosopher, and social reformer. Often hailed as the Father of the Nation, his life was a relentless pursuit of justice, equality, and the eradication of social evils like caste restrictions and untouchability.

A Beacon of Activism and Social Reform

Babasaheb Ambedkar's legacy is rooted in his unwavering commitment to fighting for the rights of socially backward classes and Dalits. Throughout his life, he stood as a leading activist, challenging discriminatory practices and advocating for social justice. His remarkable efforts earned him the esteemed position of India's first law minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's Cabinet.

In recognition of his immense contributions, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1990. This accolade, however, came after his passing, marking a poignant acknowledgment of his impact on the nation.

Early Life and Struggles

Born on April 14, 1891, in the Mhow Army cantonment, central provinces of Madhya Pradesh, Bhimrao Ambedkar was the son of Bhimabai and Ramji. His father served as a subedar in the Indian army, and the family later moved to Satara after his retirement in 1894. Tragedy struck the family when his mother passed away, leaving Ambedkar and his siblings in the care of their aunt. Despite facing adversity, Ambedkar, along with his brothers and sisters, persevered.

Growing up in a poor Dalit caste family, Ambedkar experienced the harsh realities of untouchability and caste discrimination. The segregation and humiliation he faced during his childhood left a lasting impact on his psyche. At the age of 15, he entered matrimony with Ramabai, marking the beginning of a life dedicated to fighting against societal injustices.

Educational Triumphs

Ambedkar's journey from a marginalized community to becoming the most educated Indian of his generation is truly inspiring. He defied societal norms by being the only Untouchable to join Mumbai's Elphinstone High School. His enrollment in Elphinstone College in 1908 marked a historic moment as the first Untouchable to achieve this feat.

In 1912, he secured his degree in economics and political science from Bombay University, a milestone celebrated by the untouchable community. A Baroda State Scholarship paved the way for his studies in Economics at Columbia University in New York, where he earned his Master's degree in 1915.

His academic journey continued at the London School of Economics, where he worked on his thesis, "The Problem of the Rupee: its Origin and Solution." By 1920, he ventured to England, receiving a Doctorate from London University. In 1927, he obtained his PhD in economics, solidifying his status as the first Indian to achieve a Doctorate Degree in Economics abroad.

Conclusion: A Triumph Over Adversity

Babasaheb Ambedkar's life, marked by childhood hardships, poverty, and relentless dedication, stands as a testament to the indomitable spirit of a man who transcended societal constraints. His journey from facing caste-based humiliations to becoming the highest-educated Indian of his generation is an inspiration. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar's legacy endures as a beacon of education, activism, and unwavering commitment to social justice.


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