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Essay On Republic Day

JEE Mains & Advanced

Republic Day is a significant national holiday in India, celebrated on the 26th of January each year. It marks the day when the Indian Constitution came into effect in 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) and declaring India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. It is a day that is important to every citizen of India. It marks the day when our country India became truly independent and embraced democracy. In other words, it celebrates the day on which our constitution came into effect. On 26 January 1950, almost 3 years after independence, we became a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic country.

The journey to Republic Day dates back to India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule. The demand for a constitution that would govern an independent India was a central focus of the Indian National Congress and other freedom movements. The Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949, and it officially came into effect on January 26, 1950, marking the birth of the Republic of India.

Moreover, the first session of the India Parliament was also conducted on 26 January. In addition to that, 26th January also witnessed the swearing-in of India’s first president, Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Thus, this day is very important as it marks the end of the British rule and birth of India as a Republic State and independent country.

Why is the Essay on Republic Day Important for Your Exams? 

An essay on Republic Day is important for exams as it serves as a means of assessing a student's knowledge, writing skills, critical thinking abilities, and their understanding of important historical and cultural events. It is a comprehensive way to evaluate a student's grasp of the subject matter and their ability to express their thoughts effectively.

Writing an essay on Republic Day allows examiners to assess a student's knowledge of this important national event, its historical significance, and the principles enshrined in the Indian Constitution. 

Essays test a student's ability to express thoughts, ideas, and information in a coherent and structured manner. They assess a student's writing skills, including grammar, vocabulary, and organization.

Writing an essay on Republic Day provides you with an opportunity to apply what they've learned about the event and its significance in a meaningful way. It encourages the application of knowledge rather than rote memorization.

Essays are a comprehensive way to evaluate a student's understanding of a topic. They offer a holistic view of a student's knowledge and communication abilities, allowing for a fair assessment. Writing about Republic Day encourages students to become more aware of their country's history, culture, and constitutional values.

Long and Short Essays on Republic Day of India

We have given below the Republic Day essay in English, both long and short format. The essays have been written in a very simple English language to make them easily memorable and presentable when required.

After reading the Republic Day essay you will know all the useful information on Republic day, that is, why and when Republic Day is celebrated, how it is celebrated, what is its significance etc., Republic Day celebration in Schools, Rajpath, New Delhi, etc.

You can use this essay in your school events during Republic Day celebrations.

Essay on Republic Day (100 words)

We people of India celebrate Republic Day on January 26 yearly with great excitement and passion. It is celebrated to recognise the importance of being the Sovereign Democratic Republic, which was established on January 26, 1950, following the implementation of the Indian Constitution. Additionally, it is a time to remember and celebrate India's historic independence from British rule. India finally gained its independence from the British on August 15, 1947. 

India got independence, but a government was urgently needed to ensure the country's smooth operation. The nation's citizens honor the great leaders and freedom warriors on this day for their contributions to the country's independence.

Essay on Republic Day (150 words)

India became independent from British rule on August 15, 1947 but even after gaining independence, it took two and a half years to write India’s constitution for Indian citizens. The Indian Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950. Since then, this day 26 January is celebrated every year as the Republic Day of India.

India celebrates Republic Day with great enthusiasm. On Republic Day, the President of India hoists the flag at Kartavya Path, New Delhi. After the flag hoisting, the annual parade begins at Kartavya Path and ends at the India Gate. We pay tribute to the brave martyrs who fought for our country’s freedom.

The Padma Awards is the one of the highest civilian honours of India, are announced on the eve of Republic Day. Various cultural programs and public celebrations take place throughout the country on Republic Day. Republic Day is the day of patriotism and pride for every Indian.

Essay on Republic Day (200 words)

Republic Day is a significant national holiday celebrated in India on January 26th each year. It marks the date when the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) and establishing India as a sovereign democratic republic.

The celebration of Republic Day is a grand spectacle, with a colorful parade held in the capital city, New Delhi. The main event takes place at Rajpath, where the President of India hoists the national flag and a solemn tribute is paid to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. 

Republic Day is not just a day of celebration; it's a reminder of the values and principles enshrined in the Indian Constitution. It emphasizes the importance of democracy, justice, liberty, and equality, which form the foundation of the nation. The parade showcases India's diverse culture, heritage, and military prowess, uniting the country in a spirit of patriotism.

In schools and communities across India, Republic Day is celebrated with cultural programs, flag hoisting ceremonies, and patriotic songs. It serves as a reminder of India's journey towards self-governance and the commitment to upholding democratic ideals. Republic Day is a symbol of India's unity in diversity and the resilience of its democratic spirit.

Essay on Republic Day (250 words)

Republic Day is a remarkable national holiday in India celebrated on January 26th every year. We celebrate the day when the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950. The day is marked by grand celebrations, with the biggest event being the parade begins at Kartavya Path and ends at the India Gate in the capital city of New Delhi.

Republic Day holds great importance as it signifies the values of democracy, freedom, and unity for the country. It is a time to reflect on the sacrifices of freedom fighters and leaders who fought for our independence. The day also honors the visionary leaders who drafted the Indian Constitution such as Sardar patel and many more.

Republic Day serves as a reminder of the power of democracy and the responsibility of citizens to uphold the principles cherished in the Constitution. It is a proud moment for every citizen of the nation, symbolizing the progress made since gaining independence and the commitment to building a just and inclusive society.

In conclusion, Republic Day holds great importance in Indian history and represents the values of democracy, freedom, and unity of every citizen. It is a time for reflection, celebration, and a reminder of the responsibilities we have as citizens to the principles of the Constitution. Republic Day serves as a proud moment for every citizen of India to come together and renew their commitment to the progress and well-being of the nation.

Essay on Republic Day (300 words)


26th January is known as Republic Day which is celebrated by the citizens of India every year with great joy and enthusiasm. It is celebrated to honour the importance of being a Sovereign Democratic Republic which was declared after the enforcement of the Constitution of India in 1950 on 26th January. It is also celebrated to enjoy and remember the historic Independence of India from British Rule.

Republic Day Celebration in Schools

Schools organize many cultural programmes on the occasion of Republic Day. Students participate in these programmes with great joy and enthusiasm. Various competitions such as essay writing, speech, drawing and painting etc are conducted in all the educational institutions and students take part in this competition. Students also conduct plays showing the Indian independence struggle of freedom fighters.

Republic Day Celebration at Rajpath, New Delhi

The Government of India organizes a major event every year in the National capital, New Delhi where flag hoisting event, Indian Armed Forces parade and various activities are held in front of the India Gate. People start to assemble at Rajpath very early in the morning to witness this great event.

A parade of all three wings of the Indian Armed Forces (air and land)  starts from the Vijay Chowk which also displays the advanced warfare capabilities of the country. Folk dances and various stunts are also exhibited by the participants and army personnel on Rajpath in front of the president of India.


Republic Day is not just a national festival but it is a celebration of democracy and independence of our country. This is the day when we remember our freedom fighters and thank them by paying tribute to them for their immense sacrifice for the people of India. It is because of them that we are living in a democratic nation and independent country.

Essay on Republic  (400 words)

Republic Day is a significant national holiday in India celebrated on January 26th each year. This day holds immense historical and constitutional importance as it marks the date on which the Indian Constitution came into effect in 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) and formally declaring India as a sovereign, democratic, and republic nation. The day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor throughout the country, and it serves as a reminder of the democratic values and principles upon which the nation was founded.

The significance of Republic Day lies in the transformation of India from a British colony to an independent republic. Prior to January 26, 1950, India was a dominion under the British monarchy, with the Governor-General as the head of state. The adoption of the Indian Constitution on this day marked the culmination of a long and arduous struggle for independence and self-governance.

The Indian Constitution, which was adopted on January 26, 1950, is one of the longest and most comprehensive written constitutions in the world. It reflects the wisdom, vision, and ideals of the leaders of the Indian independence movement, who had a deep commitment to democracy, social justice, and individual rights. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, often referred to as the "Architect of the Indian Constitution," played a pivotal role in shaping this historic document.

Republic Day celebrations in India are marked by a grand parade in the capital, New Delhi, which is attended by the President of India, the Prime Minister, and other dignitaries. The parade showcases the military might of the country, with impressive displays of tanks, artillery, and various branches of the armed forces. It also features colorful tableaus representing the cultural diversity of India's states and union territories.

One of the most memorable moments of the Republic Day parade is the arrival of the chief guest, often a head of state from another country, symbolizing India's diplomatic ties and international cooperation. The ceremony at Rajpath, the ceremonial boulevard in New Delhi, is a spectacular display of India's cultural heritage, military prowess, and achievements in various fields.

Apart from the national capital, Republic Day is celebrated across the country with flag hoisting ceremonies, cultural programs, and patriotic songs. Schools, colleges, and government offices organize events to educate students and the public about the significance of the day. The unfurling of the Indian tricolor flag and the singing of the national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana," evoke a strong sense of patriotism and pride in the hearts of every Indian.

In addition to the grand parade and cultural celebrations, Republic Day also serves as an occasion for the President of India to confer awards and honors upon individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the nation. These honors include the Padma Awards, Bharat Ratna, and various military decorations.

Republic Day is not merely a day of celebration; it is a day of reflection and renewal of commitment to the principles of justice, equality, and liberty enshrined in the Indian Constitution. It reminds the citizens of India of the responsibilities that come with their rights and freedoms. It also serves as a reminder that the spirit of unity in diversity is at the core of the Indian identity.

In conclusion, Republic Day in India is a day of immense pride and significance. It commemorates the adoption of the Indian Constitution and the transformation of India into a sovereign republic. The celebrations on this day reflect the nation's rich cultural diversity, military strength, and its commitment to democratic values. Republic Day is not just a public holiday; it is a celebration of India's past, present, and future, and a reminder of the ideals and principles that continue to guide the nation.

Essay on Republic Day (500 words)


On August 15, 1947, we became independent from the rule of the British, but our country still didn’t have a clear and perfect constitution. We became a free, secular, socialist, democratic republic country on January 26, 1950, almost three years of independence. So, this day is a big day for every citizen as it marks the beginning of India as a Republic State. People celebrate this day with great joy and honor.

History of Republic Day

After India became independent, the need for a constitution was raised after that. A special assembly or team was put together to write the Constitution of India. On August 29, 1947, a proposal was made to set up the Drafting Committee with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as leader of the committee.

Before the Constitution was signed, many Assembly meetings were organized and after a lot of talks and some changes, on January 24, 1950, the 284 Assembly members signed two handwritten copies of the agreement, one in English and one in Hindi. The Constitution of India was finally signed and put into effect on January 26, 1950 which is celebrated as Indian Republic Day.

Importance of Republic Day

Republic day is a day that holds an important place in the heart of every Indian. Republic Day serves as a symbol of national identity. On Republic Day, we also thank our freedom fighters and how hard they worked. It helps bring the entire nation together. People of different castes, race, colors, and backgrounds come together on this day to celebrate with a lot of passion and enthusiasm. Another reason for the celebration is to inspire our people by teaching them about India’s proud and rich history.

How India celebrates Republic Day

To celebrate Republic day we organize a three-day celebration on the occasion of Republic Day. Rajpath in New Delhi hosts the India's largest Republic Day parade and festivity. The Republic day parade shows off India's pride and rich diversity. People come from all over the country to the Rajpath just to see the big Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.

Awards are also given to children and citizens of India who have shown courage in hard times. The Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra are given to the brave soldiers of India. Special celebrations can be seen at schools, institutions, government offices, and other places. People hoist the national flag by singing the national anthem and also remember the contribution of freedom fighters and leaders by whose fortune we got a chance to celebrate this golden day.


Republic Day is one of the biggest national events in the history of India. It gives citizens  of India the right to live freely and happily. It is also a day to honor India’s long struggle for independence and pledge to work toward India’s future. We people of India must respect the importance of the day by maintaining proper peace and harmony in the country.

Frequently Asked Questions 

Question 1: Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Answer: We celebrate Republic Day as it was the day when the constitution of India came into effect after independence.

Question 2 :  What is the importance of Republic Day in India essay?

Answer: The importance of Republic Day lies in honoring our democratic heritage and promoting unity and diversity of our country India.



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