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JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

JEE Mains & Advanced

NTA(National Testing Agency) will release the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry syllabus online.  Candidates have to visit their official website for the Chemistry syllabus of JEE Main 2024. Moreover, you can check the JEE Main syllabus 2024 on our page. The syllabus of JEE Main 2024 comprises important topics that are important for the preparation of the exam. You can check the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 weightage chapter wise to know which chapter has a high weightage of the questions.

The JEE Main question paper will be based on the topics given in the JEE Main syllabus. It is to be well known that the JEE Mains Chemistry 2024 syllabus will be within the topics covered in class 11 and 12 chemistry. JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 has three sections - Physical, Inorganic and Organic Chemistry. NTA will publish the JEE Main syllabus for 2024 for all the subjects online. You  are suggested to check the syllabus of JEE Mains 2024 at the official website before starting your preparation process to accordingly create your study schedule.

JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus

Mentioned below is the syllabus of the JEE inorganic chemistry syllabus 2024, and the organic and physical chemistry syllabus.

The detailed list of all the concepts covered in the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus for Physical Chemistry is mentioned down below.

JEE Main Physical Chemistry Syllabus 2024 (Section A)

S.No.

Units

Chemistry Topics

Unit 1

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory, the concept of the atom, molecule, element, and compound.


  • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis.


  • Laws of chemical combination.


  • Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae.


  • Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Unit 2

States of Matter

  • Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.


  • Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure.


  • The concept of the absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, kinetic theory of gases (only postulates).


  • The concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities.


  • Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.


  • Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).


  • Solid State: Classification of solids-molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea).


  • Bragg’s Law and its applications.


  • Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfections in solids.


  • Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

Unit 3

Atomic Structure

  • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations.


  • Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect.


  • The spectrum of the hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model.


  • Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.


  • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of an atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions.


  • Variation of Ψ1 and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers), and their significance.


  • Shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number.


  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, the extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit 4

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.


  • Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.


  • Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.


  • Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory, Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.


  • Molecular Orbital Theory: Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.


  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bonding, and its applications.

Unit 5

Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.


  • First law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy, and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity.


  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation.


  • Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.


  • The second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; Delta S of the universe and Delta G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Delta Go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Unit 6

Solutions

  • Different methods for expressing the concentration of a solution: molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law.


  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions.


  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions, relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure.


  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties.


  • Abnormal value of molar mass, Hoff factor, and its significance.

Unit 7

Equilibrium

  • Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.


  • Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid – gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s law, a general characteristic of equilibrium involving physical processes.


  • Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of Delta G and Delta Go in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of the catalyst.


  • Le Chatelier’s principle.


  • Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multi stage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Unit 8

Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

  • Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

.

  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration.


  • Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.


  • Electrochemical cells: Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement.


  • Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change.

.

  • Dry cell and lead accumulator, fuel cells.

Unit 9

Chemical Kinetics

  • The rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst.


  • Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions.


  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Unit 10

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids: Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.


  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis, and its mechanism.


  • Colloidal state: Distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions, classification of colloids: lyophilic, lyophobic.


  • Multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation, and flocculation.


  • Emulsions and their characteristics.

The detailed list of all the concepts covered in the jee chemistry syllabus for Inorganic Chemistry is mentioned down below.

Inorganic Chemistry Chapters for JEE Mains 2024 (Section B)

S.No.

Units

Chemistry Topics

Unit 11

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table.


  • s, p, d and f block elements.


  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.


  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

Unit 12

General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.


  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.


  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.





Unit 13





Hydrogen

  • The position of hydrogen in the periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.


  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.


  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.


  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.


  • Hydrogen as a fuel.

Unit 14

S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.


  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds: Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.


  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.


  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

Unit 15

P Block Elements

  • Group 13 to Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p block elements.

  • Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.

  • Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.


  • Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.


  • Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.


  • Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.


  • Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

Unit 16

D and F Block Elements

  • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.


  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.


  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction, and Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Unit 17

Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory.


  • ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.


  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.


  • Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.


  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Unit 18

Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.


  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.


  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.


  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.


  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.


  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.


  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.


  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention.


  • Strategies to control environmental pollution.

The detailed list of all the concepts covered in the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus for Organic Chemistry is mentioned down below.

Organic Chemistry Syllabus (Section C)

S.No.

Units

Chemistry Topics

Unit 19 

Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

  • Purification: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography principles and their applications.


  • Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens.


  • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus

.


  • Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Unit 20

Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

  • Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p).


  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series.


  • Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.


  • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.


  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.


  • Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Unit 21 

Hydrocarbons

  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.


  • Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.


  • Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism.


  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.


  • Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.


  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.


  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Unit 22

Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

  • General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.


  • Nature of C-X bond.


  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions.


  • Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.

Unit 23

Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.


  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.


  • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.


  • Ethers: Structure.


  • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.


  • Important reactions such as nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.


  • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.


  • Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Unit 24

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.


  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.


  • Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 25

Polymers

  • General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization addition and condensation, co-polymerization.


  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.


  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.

Unit 26

Biomolecules

  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.


  • Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).


  • Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.


  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.


  • Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Unit 27

Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines their meaning and common examples.


  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.


  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Unit 28

Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds.

  • Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.


  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

.

  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.


  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3–, CI–, Br–, I– (Insoluble salts excluded).


  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments: Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralisation of strong acid and strong base, Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

JEE Main 2023 Syllabus with Weightage for Chemistry (Topic wise)

You can get here the JEE Mains 2023 syllabus with their weightage for Chemistry in a chapter-wise manner.

Important Topics

Number of Questions

Marks

Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry

3

12

Periodic Table and Representative Elements

3

12

Thermodynamics and Gaseous state

2

8

Atomic Structure

2

8

Chemical Bonding

2

8

Ionic and Chemical Equilibrium

2

8

Nuclear chemistry and Environment

2

8

Solid state and surface chemistry

2

8

Redox reaction

1

4

Mole concept

1

4

Chemical Kinetics

1

4

Electrochemistry

1

4

General organic chemistry

1

4

Solution and colligative properties

1

4

Hydrocarbon

1

4

Stereochemistry

1

4

Alkyl Halides

1

4

Aromatic Compounds

1

4

Carboxylic acid and their derivatives

1

4

Carbohydrates,amino acid and Polymers

1

4

 Why Covering Complete JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is Beneficial

Solving the complete JEE Main syllabus of chemistry can offer many advantages to candidates preparing for the exam. Chemistry is one of the three subjects tested in JEE Main, and a thorough knowledge of the subject is crucial for a good score. Here are the some  benefits of solving the complete JEE Main syllabus of chemistry:

  •  Comprehensive Coverage: By solving the entire JEE Main syllabus for chemistry, students ensure that they have covered all the essential topics and concepts that may be tested in the exam. This comprehensive coverage increases your chances of encountering familiar questions during the actual test.

  •  Strong Conceptual Understanding: This subject involves various theories, principles, and reactions. Solving a wide range of problems will help you to develop a strong conceptual understanding of the subject. This understanding is vital for solving complex and application-based problems in the exam.

  • Improved Problem-Solving Skills: Regular practice with different chemistry problems helps in honing problem-solving skills. You can learn to apply different concepts to solve problems, which is very crucial for performing well in JEE Main.

  • Time Management: JEE Main is a time-bound exam which is 3 hours long, efficient time management is essential. Solving the whole syllabus under timed conditions improves time management skills, enabling students to allocate appropriate time to each section during the exam.

  •  Identification of Weak Areas: By covering the entire syllabus, you can identify your weak areas or topics. Recognizing these areas allows you to focus on improvement and seek additional help in case you need it.

  •  Confidence Boost: Completing the JEE Main syllabus in chemistry induces confidence in candidates. It assures them that they have sufficiently prepared for the subject and are ready to face the exam with self-assurance.

  • Synergy with Other Subjects: Chemistry often overlaps with physics and mathematics in some topics. Solving the complete chemistry syllabus can help in reinforcing concepts shared with other subjects, contributing to a more holistic preparation.

  • Better Adaptation to Different Question Types: The JEE Main chemistry section may consist of multiple-choice questions(MCQs), numerical problems and reasoning-based questions. Solving the whole syllabus exposes students to different question types, making them more adaptable during the actual exam.

  • Revision and Retention: Regular practice strengthens knowledge and enhances retention. By solving the complete syllabus, you can engage in ample revision, which aids in recalling important concepts during the exam.

  • Performance Improvement: Solving the complete chemistry syllabus with dedication and focus often leads to improved performance. As a student you can become more familiar with a wide range of questions, you may better prepared to tackle the challenges of the actual JEE Main chemistry section.

Remember that while solving the complete JEE Main chemistry syllabus is beneficial, it is equally important to strike a balance between chemistry, physics, and mathematics preparation. Additionally, practicing previous years' question papers and taking mock tests can further strengthen your readiness for the JEE Main exam.

Best Books for JEE Main Chemistry

Most of the candidates feel that chemistry is the easiest section of JEE Main exam because of fewer formulae, calculations involved in it. However, it is a subject that mostly revolves around concepts and theories. For completing the JEE Main chemistry syllabus, consider NCERT as the main book and plan your study accordingly. However, you can also prefer some of the Chemistry books for JEE Main that are referred by the toppers for boosting the preparation. The list of best chemistry books for JEE main, which you can use. Mentioned below is given best books table for you.

Best Books for JEE Main Chemistry

S.No

    Name of the book and author                                                                          

Book will be best for JEE Main Chemistry

1

NCERT Textbooks (for Class XI and XII)

Many questions are being asked directly from NCERT textbook

2

Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by R.C. Mukherjee

For practice of solving Physical Chemistry Numericals

3

Organic Chemistry by O P Tandon

Good explanation of topics

4

Concept of Physical Chemistry by P Bahadur

Good explanation and set of quality problems

5

Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J D Lee

Good reference book on Inorganic Chemistry

6

Physical Chemistry by P.W. Atkins

Refer to this book once you are done with the above books or want to practise more

7

Organic Chemistry by Morrison & Boyd

Refer to this book once you are done with the above books or want to practise more

 

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