Kinematics 1D- JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions with Solutions

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Simulator

Q. A train is moving along a straight line with a constant acceleration ‘a’. A boy standing in the train throws a ball forward with a speed of 10 m/s, at an angle of $60^{\circ}$ to the horizontal. The boy has to move forward by 1.15 m inside the train to catch the ball back at the initial height. The acceleration of the train, in $\mathrm{m} / \mathrm{s}^{2}$, is

[IIT-JEE 2011]

Sol. 5  Q. A rocket is moving in a gravity free space with a constant acceleration of 2 $\mathrm{ms}^{-2}$ along + x direction (see figure). The length of a chamber inside the rocket is 4m. A ball is thrown from the left end of the chamber in + x direction with a speed of 0.3 $\mathrm{ms}^{-1}$ relative to the rocket. At the same time, another ball is thrown in –x direction with a speed of 0.2 $\mathrm{ms}^{-1}$ from its right end relative to the rocket. The time in seconds when the two balls hit each other is Sol. 8 or 2

Assuming open chamber $\mathrm{V}_{\text {relative }}=0.5 \mathrm{m} / \mathrm{s}$

$\mathrm{S}_{\text {relative }}=4 \mathrm{m}$

time $=\frac{4}{0.5}=8 \mathrm{m} / \mathrm{s}$

Alternate

Assuming closed chamber

In the frame of chamber : Maximum displacement of ball A from its left end is $\frac{\mathrm{u}_{\mathrm{A}}^{2}}{2 \mathrm{a}}=\frac{(0.3)^{2}}{2(2)}=0.0225 \mathrm{m}$

This is negligible with respect to the length of chamber i.e. 4m. So, the collision will be verym close to the left end.

Hence, time taken by ball B to reach left end will be given by

$\mathrm{S}=\mathrm{u}_{\mathrm{B}} \mathrm{t}+\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{at}^{2}$

$4=(0.2)(\mathrm{t})+\frac{1}{2}(2)(\mathrm{t})^{2}$

Solving this, we get

$\mathrm{t} \approx 2 \mathrm{s}$

Q. Airplanes A and B are flying with constant velocity in the same vertical plane at angles $30^{\circ}$ and $60^{\circ}$ with respect to the horizontal respectively as shown in figure. The speed of A is $\mathrm{ms}^{-1}$. At time t = 0 s, an observer in A finds B at a distance of 500 m. This observer sees B moving with a constant velocity perpendicular to the line of motion of A. If at t = $\mathrm{t}_{0}$, A just escapes being hit by B, $\mathrm{t}_{0}$ in seconds is Sol. 5 As observed from A, B moves perpendicular to line of motion of A. It means velocity of B along A is equal to velocity of A

$\mathrm{V}_{\mathrm{B}} \cos 30=100 \sqrt{3}$

$\mathrm{V}_{\mathrm{B}}=200$

If A is observer A remains stationary therefore

$\mathrm{t}=\frac{500}{\mathrm{V}_{\mathrm{B}} \sin 30}=\frac{500}{100}=5$

Q. Consider an expanding sphere of instantaneous radius R whose total mass remains constant. The expansion is that the instantaneous density $\rho$ remains uniform throughout the volume.

the rate of fractional change in density is $\left(\frac{1}{\rho} \frac{d \rho}{d t}\right)$ constant. the velocity v of any point on the surface of the expanding sphere is proportional to

(A) $R^{3}$

(B) $\frac{1}{R}$

(C) $\mathrm{R}$

(D) $R^{2 / 3}$ 