A charged particle (mass m and charge q ) moves along X
Question:

A charged particle (mass $m$ and charge $q$ ) moves along $X$ axis with velocity $V_{0}$. When it passes through the origin it

enters a region having uniform electric field $\vec{E}=-E \hat{j}$ which

extends upto $x=d$. Equation of path of electron in the region $x>d$ is :

  1. (1) $y=\frac{q E d}{m V_{0}^{2}}(x-d)$

  2. (2) $y=\frac{q E d}{m V_{0}^{2}}\left(\frac{d}{2}-x\right)$

  3. (3) $y=\frac{q E d}{m V_{0}^{2}} x$

  4. (4) $y=\frac{q E d^{2}}{m V_{0}^{2}} x$


Correct Option: , 2

Solution:

(2) $F_{x}=0, a_{x}=0,(v)_{x}=$ constant

Time taken to reach at ‘ $P$ ‘ $=\frac{d}{v_{0}}=t_{0}$ (let) …(i)

$($ Along $-y), y_{0}=0+\frac{1}{2} \cdot \frac{q E}{m} \cdot t_{0}^{2}$      ….(ii)

$\tan \theta=\frac{v_{y}}{v_{x}}=\frac{q E t_{0}}{m \cdot v_{0}},\left(t=\frac{d}{v_{0}}\right)$

$\tan \theta=\frac{q E d}{m \cdot v_{0}^{2}}$, Slope $=\frac{-q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

No electric field $\Rightarrow F_{\text {net }}=0, \vec{v}=$ const.

$y=m x+c,\left\{\begin{array}{c}m=\frac{q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}} \\ \left(d,-y_{0}\right)\end{array}\right\}$

$-y_{0}=\frac{-q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}}, d+c \Rightarrow c=-y_{0}+\frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

$y=\frac{-q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}} x-y_{0}+\frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

$y=\frac{-q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}} x-y_{0}+\frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

$y_{0}=\frac{1}{2} \cdot \frac{q E}{m}\left(\frac{d}{v_{0}}\right)^{2}=\frac{1}{2} \frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

$y=\frac{-q E d x}{m v_{0}^{2}}-\frac{1}{2} \frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}+\frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}}$

$y=\frac{-q E d}{m v_{0}^{2}}+\frac{1}{2} \frac{q E d^{2}}{m v_{0}^{2}} \Rightarrow y=\frac{\mathrm{qEd}}{\mathrm{mv}_{0}^{2}}\left(\frac{d}{2}-x\right)$

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