**Question:**

Define a function as a set of ordered pairs.

**Solution:**

A function is a set of ordered pairs with the property that no two ordered pairs have the same first component and different second components.

Sometimes we say that a function is a rule (correspondence) that assigns to each element of one set, *X,* only one element of another set, *Y*.

The elements of set *X* are often called inputs and the elements of set *Y* are called outputs.

The domain of a function is the set of all first components, *x*, in the ordered pairs.

The range of a function is the set of all second components, *y*, in the ordered pairs.

A function can be defined by a set of ordered pairs.

Example: {(1,a), (2, b), (3, c), (4,a)} is a function, since there are no two pairs with the same first component.

The domain is then the set {1,2,3,4} and the range is the set {a, b, c}.