Energy is released during the oxidation of compounds

Question:

Energy is released during the oxidation of compounds in respiration. How is this energy stored and released as and when it is needed?

Solution:

The energy which gets released during the oxidation of compounds in respiration is stored as Adenosine Triphosphate i.e., ATP. The ATP is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

ADP + IP + energy → ATP (ADP = Adenosine Diphosphate and IP = Inorganic phosphorous)

When energy is required then, this bond energy is broken and utilised

ATP → ADP + IP + energy.

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