Find the real numbers x and y if (x – iy) (3 + 5i) is the conjugate of –6 – 24i.

Question:

Find the real numbers $x$ and $y$ if $(x-i y)(3+5 i)$ is the conjugate of $-6-24 i$.

Solution:

Let $z=(x-i y)(3+5 i)$

$z=3 x+5 x i-3 y i-5 y i^{2}=3 x+5 x i-3 y i+5 y=(3 x+5 y)+i(5 x-3 y)$

$\therefore \bar{z}=(3 x+5 y)-i(5 x-3 y)$

It is given that, $\bar{z}=-6-24 i$

$\therefore(3 x+5 y)-i(5 x-3 y)=-6-24 i$

Equating real and imaginary parts, we obtain

$3 x+5 y=-6$   (i)

$5 x-3 y=24$    $\ldots$ (ii)

Multiplying equation (i) by 3 and equation (ii) by 5 and then adding them, we obtain

$9 x+15 y=-18$

$\frac{25 x-15 y=120}{34 x=102}$

$\therefore x=\frac{102}{34}=3$

Putting the value of $x$ in equation (i), we obtain

$3(3)+5 y=-6$

$\Rightarrow 5 y=-6-9=-15$

$\Rightarrow y=-3$

Thus, the values of $x$ and $y$ are 3 and $-3$ respectively.

 

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