Five years ago, Nuri was thrice as old as Sonu.

Question:

Five years ago, Nuri was thrice as old as Sonu. Ten years later, Nuri will be twice as old as Sonu. How old are Nuri and Sonu?

Solution:

Let the present age of Nuri be x years and the present age of Sonu be y years.

After 10 years, Nuri’s age will be(x + 10) years and the age of Sonu will be(y + 10) years. Thus using the given information, we have

$x+10=2(y+10)$

$\Rightarrow x+10=2 y+20$

 

$\Rightarrow x-2 y-10=0$

Before 5 years, the age of Nuri was(x – 5)years and the age of Sonu was(y – 5)years. Thus using the given information, we have

$x-5=3(y-5)$

$\Rightarrow x-5=3 y-15$

 

$\Rightarrow x-3 y+10=0$

So, we have two equations

$x-2 y-10=0$

 

$x-3 y+10=0$

Here x and y are unknowns. We have to solve the above equations for and y.

By using cross-multiplication, we have

$\frac{x}{(-2) \times 10-(-3) \times(-10)}=\frac{-y}{1 \times 10-1 \times(-10)}=\frac{1}{1 \times(-3)-1 \times(-2)}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{x}{-20-30}=\frac{-y}{10+10}=\frac{1}{-3+2}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{x}{-50}=\frac{-y}{20}=\frac{1}{-1}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{x}{50}=\frac{y}{20}=1$

$\Rightarrow x=50, y=20$

Hence, the present age of Nuri is 50 years and the present age of Sonu is 20 years.

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