For what value of is the function defined by

Question:

For what value of is the function defined by

$f(x)= \begin{cases}\lambda\left(x^{2}-2 x\right), & \text { if } x \leq 0 \\ 4 x+1, & \text { if } x>0\end{cases}$

continuous at $x=0$ ? What about continuily at $x=1$ ?

 

 

Solution:

The given function $f$ is $f(x)= \begin{cases}\lambda\left(x^{2}-2 x\right), & \text { if } x \leq 0 \\ 4 x+1, & \text { if } x>0\end{cases}$

If f is continuous at x = 0, then

$\lim _{x \rightarrow 0^{-}} f(x)=\lim _{x \rightarrow 0^{-}} f(x)=f(0)$

$\Rightarrow \lim _{x \rightarrow 0^{0}} \lambda\left(x^{2}-2 x\right)=\lim _{x \rightarrow 0^{+}}(4 x+1)=\lambda\left(0^{2}-2 \times 0\right)$

$\Rightarrow \lambda\left(0^{2}-2 \times 0\right)=4 \times 0+1=0$

$\Rightarrow 0=1=0$, which is not possible

Therefore, there is no value of λ for which f is continuous at x = 0

At x = 1,

$f(1)=4 x+1=4 \times 1+1=5$

$\lim _{x \rightarrow 1}(4 x+1)=4 \times 1+1=5$

$\therefore \lim _{x \rightarrow 1} f(x)=f(1)$

Therefore, for any values of λf is continuous at x = 1

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