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Given below are two statements:

Question:

Given below are two statements:

Statement I : Aniline is less basic than acetamide.

Statement II : In aniline, the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen atom is delocalised over benzene ring due to resonance and hence less available to a proton.

Choose the most appropriate option;

  1. Statement I is true but statement II is false.

  2. Statement $\mathrm{I}$ is false but statement II is true.

  3. Both statement I and statement II are true.

  4. Both statement I and statement II are false.


Correct Option: , 2

Solution:

Explanation :- aniline is more basic than acetamide because in acetamide, lone pair of nitrogen is delocalised to more electronegative element oxygen.

In Aniline lone pair of nitrogen delocalised over benzene ring.

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