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Given below are two statements :

Question:

Given below are two statements :

Statement I : In a diatomic molecule, the rotational energy at a given temperature obeys Maxwell's distribution.

Statement II : In a diatomic molecule, the rotational energy at a given temperature equals the translational kinetic energy for each molecule.

In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  1. Statement I is false but Statement II is true.

  2. Both Statement I and Statement II are false.

  3. Both Statement I and Statement II are true.

  4. Statement $\mathrm{I}$ is true but Statement II is false.


Correct Option: , 4

Solution:

(4) Translational degree of freedom $=3$

Rotational degree of freedom $=2$

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