If a drop of liquid breaks into smaller droplets,


If a drop of liquid breaks into smaller droplets, it results in lowering of the temperature of the droplets. Let a drop of radius R, break into N small droplets each of radius r. Estimate the drop in temperature.


Volume of the liquid of drop of radius R = (N)(volume of liquid droplet of radius r)

$\frac{4}{3} \pi R^{3}=N \times \frac{4}{3} \pi r^{3}$


Energy released is:

$\Delta U=T \times \Delta A=T\left[4 \pi R^{2}-N\left(4 \pi r^{2}\right)\right]=4 \pi T\left(R^{2}-N r^{2}\right)$

When the energy is released, the temperature reduces.

$\Delta T=\frac{\Delta U}{m c}=\frac{4 \pi T\left(R^{2}-N r^{2}\right)}{\frac{4}{3} R^{3} \rho c}$

Where c is the specific heat of the liquid.

Solving the above equation, it can be said that ∆T will be negative and therefore, the temperature of the droplet falls.

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