If B is a skew-symmetric matrix,
Question:

If $B$ is a skew-symmetric matrix, write whether the matrix $A B A^{T}$ is symmetric or skew-symmetric.

Solution:

If $B$ is a skew-symmetric matrix, then $B^{T}=-B$.

$\left(A B A^{T}\right)^{T}=\left(A^{T}\right)^{T} B^{T} A^{T} \quad\left[\because(A B C)^{T}=C^{T} B^{T} A^{T}\right]$

$\Rightarrow\left(A B A^{T}\right)^{T}=A B^{T} A^{T} \quad\left[\because\left(A^{T}\right)^{T}=A\right]$

$\Rightarrow\left(A B A^{T}\right)^{T}=A(-B) A^{T} \quad\left[\because B^{T}=-B\right]$

$\Rightarrow\left(A B A^{T}\right)^{T}=-A B A^{T}$

$\therefore A B A^{T}$ is a skew-symmetric matrix.