If $left(rac{x}{3}+1, y-rac{2}{3}ight)=left(rac{5}{3}, rac{1}{3}ight)$, find the values of $x$ and $y$.
Question:

If $\left(\frac{x}{3}+1, y-\frac{2}{3}\right)=\left(\frac{5}{3}, \frac{1}{3}\right)$, find the values of $x$ and $y$.

Solution:

It is given that $\left(\frac{x}{3}+1, y-\frac{2}{3}\right)=\left(\frac{5}{3}, \frac{1}{3}\right)$.

Since the ordered pairs are equal, the corresponding elements will also be equal.

Therefore, $\frac{x}{3}+1=\frac{5}{3}$ and $y-\frac{2}{3}=\frac{1}{3}$

$\frac{x}{3}+1=\frac{5}{3}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{x}{3}=\frac{5}{3}-1 \quad \Rightarrow y-\frac{2}{3}=\frac{1}{3}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{x}{3}=\frac{2}{3} \quad \Rightarrow y=\frac{1}{3}+\frac{2}{3}$

$\Rightarrow x=2$

$\therefore x=2$ and $y=1$

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