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Illustrate by taking examples of transition

Question:

 Illustrate by taking examples of transition elements and non-transition elements that oxidation states of elements are largely based on electronic configuration.

Solution:

Ti has an atomic number of 22 and electronic configuration [Ar]3d24s2 and can show three oxidation states of +2,+3 and +4 in various compounds like TiO29(+4),

Ti2O3(+3) and TiO(+2). The non-transition elements like the p block elements show variable oxidation states like in case of phosphorous. It has -3,+3 and +5.

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