Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.
Question.

Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.


Solution:

The arrangement of various taxa in a hierarchical order is called taxonomic hierarchy.

In this hierarchy, species is present at the lowest level whereas kingdom is present at the highest level.

In this hierarchy, species is present at the lowest level whereas kingdom is present at the highest level.

Classification of a plant

As an example, let us classify Solanum melongena (Brinjal).

Kingdom – Plantae

Division – Angiospermae

Class – Dicotyledonae

Order – Solanales

Family – Solanaceae

Genus – Solanum

Species – melongena

Classification of an animal

As an example, let us classify Columba livia (Blue rock Dove).

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Columbiformes

Family – Columbidae

Genus – Columba

Species – livia
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