**Question:**

In Fig. 4, *OABC* is a square inscribed in a quadrant *OPBQ*. If *OA* = 20 cm, find the area of shaded region [Use π = 3.14]

**Solution:**

It is given that OABC is a square in the quadrant OPBQ.OA is 20 cm.

We have to find the area of the shaded region.

*OABC* is a square , therefore sides of the *OABC* must be equal

Hence *OA, AB, BC, OC* = 20 cm.

Join the points *O* and *B *to form a line segment *OB.*

Since *OB* is the diagonal of *OABC*, is a right angled triangle.

Applying Pythagoras Theorem in

It can be seen from the figure that $Q$ uadrant $O P B Q$ is $\frac{1}{4}$ of a circle with radius $O B(r)$

Therefore area of $O P B Q=\frac{1}{4} \pi r^{2}$

Now, area of the shaded region $=$ area of $O P B Q$-area of $O A B C$

$=\frac{1}{4} \pi r^{2}-s^{2} \quad$ (area of a square with side $s=s^{2}$ )

$=\frac{1}{4} \times 3.14 \times(20 \sqrt{2})^{2}-20^{2}$

$=\frac{1}{4} \times 3.14 \times 800-400$

$=628-400$

$=228$

Area of the shaded region $=228 \mathrm{~cm}^{2}$

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