In the figure shown, after the switch
Question:

In the figure shown, after the switch ‘ $\mathrm{S}$ ‘ is turned from position ‘A’ to position ‘B’, the energy dissipated in the ‘circuit in terms of capacitance ‘ $\mathrm{C}$ ‘ and total charge ‘ $\mathrm{Q}$ ‘ is:

  1. (1) $\frac{1}{8} \frac{Q^{2}}{C}$

  2. (2) $\frac{3}{8} \frac{\mathrm{Q}^{2}}{\mathrm{C}}$

  3. (3) $\frac{5}{8} \frac{Q^{2}}{C}$

  4. (4) $\frac{3}{4} \frac{\mathrm{Q}^{2}}{\mathrm{C}}$


Correct Option: , 2

Solution:

(2) Energy stored in the system initially

$\mathrm{U}_{\mathrm{i}}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{CE}^{2}$

$\mathrm{U}_{\mathrm{f}}=\frac{1}{2} \frac{\mathrm{Q}^{2}}{\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{eq}}}=\frac{(\mathrm{CE})^{2}}{2 \times 4 \mathrm{C}}=\frac{1}{2} \frac{\mathrm{CE}^{2}}{4}$

$\left[\mathrm{As} \mathrm{Q}=\mathrm{CE}\right.$, and $\left.\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{eq}}=4 \mathrm{C}\right]$

$\Delta \mathrm{U}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{CE}^{2} \times \frac{3}{4}=\frac{3}{8} \mathrm{CE}^{2}=\frac{3}{8} \frac{\mathrm{Q}^{2}}{\mathrm{C}}$

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