In the given figure,


In the given figure, a mass $M$ is attached to a horizontal spring which is fixed on side to a rigid support. The spring constant of the spring is k. The mass oscillates on a frictionless surface with time period $T$ and amplitude A. When the mass is in equilibrium position, as shown in the figure, another mass $m$ is gently fixed upon it. The new amplitude of oscillation will be :

  1. $A \sqrt{\frac{M-m}{M}}$

  2. $A \sqrt{\frac{M}{M+m}}$

  3. $A \sqrt{\frac{M+m}{M}}$

  4. $A \sqrt{\frac{M}{M-m}}$

Correct Option: , 2


Momentum of system remains conserved.


$\mathrm{MA} \omega=(\mathrm{m}+\mathrm{M}) \mathrm{A}^{\prime} \omega^{\prime}$

$\mathrm{MA} \sqrt{\frac{\mathrm{k}}{\mathrm{M}}}=(\mathrm{m}+\mathrm{M}) \mathrm{A}^{\prime} \sqrt{\frac{\mathrm{k}}{\mathrm{m}+\mathrm{M}}}$

$A^{\prime}=A \sqrt{\frac{M}{M+m}}$

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