**Question:**

**Find the component statements of the following compound statements.**

**(i) Number 7 is prime and odd.**

**(ii) Chennai is in India and is the capital of Tamil Nadu.**

**(iii) The number 100 is divisible by 3, 11 and 5.**

**(iv) Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and U.P.**

**(vi) 0 is less than every positive integer and every negative integer.**

**(vii) Plants use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.**

**(viii) Two lines in a plane either intersect at one point or they are parallel.**

**(ix) A rectangle is a quadrilateral or a 5 – sided polygon.**

**Solution:**

**(i) Number 7 is prime and odd.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “Number 7 is prime and odd” are,

p:Number 7 is prime.

q: Number 7 is odd.

**(ii) Chennai is in India and is the capital of Tamil Nadu.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “Chennai is in India and is the capital of Tamil Nadu” are,

p: Chennai is in India.

q: Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu

**(iii) The number 100 is divisible by 3, 11 and 5.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “The number 100 is divisible by 3, 11 and 5”.

p: 100 is divisible by 3.

q: 100 is divisible by 11.

r: 100 is divisible by 5.

**(iv) Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and U.P.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and U.P.” are,

p: Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and U.P

q: Chandigarh is the capital of U.P

**(v) √7 is a rational number or an irrational number.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, The components of the given statement √7is a rational number or an irrational number,

p: √7is a rational number.

q: √7 is an irrational

**(vi) 0 is less than every positive integer and every negative integer.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement 0 is less than every positive integer and every negative integer are

p: 0 is less than every positive integer

q: 0 is less than every negative integer.

**(vii) Plants use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “Plants use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis” are

p: Plants use sunlight for photosynthesis

q: Plants use water for photosynthesis

r: Plants use carbon dioxide for photosynthesis

**(viii) Two lines in a plane either intersect at one point or they are parallel.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement Two lines in a plane either intersect at one point or they are parallel “are

p: Two lines in a plane intersect at one point.

q: Two lines in a plane are parallel.

**(ix) A rectangle is a quadrilateral or a 5 – sided polygon.**

A compound statement is a combination of two statements (Components).

So, the components of the given statement “A rectangle is a quadrilateral or a 5 – sided polygon” are

p: A rectangle is a quadrilateral

q: A rectangle is a 5 – sided polygon.