Name the parts of human forebrain indicating their respective functions.
Cerebrum – It is further divided into 4 lobes:
a. Frontal lobe – associated with parts of speech, reasoning, planning, problem-solving and movement.
b. Parietal lobe – Helps in movement, perception of stimuli and orientation.
c. Occipital lobe – Visual processing
d. Temporal lobe – memory and speech.
Thalamus- It is a small structure located right above the brain stem. It helps in the sensory information from the sense organs. It is found in the limbic system within the cerebrum.
Hypothalamus – The hypothalamus is a small and important part of the brain, located exactly below the thalamus. It controls the mood and emotions and synthesis body’s essential hormones.