Name the various plant hormones.


Name the various plant hormones. Also give their physiological effects on plant growth and development. (CCE 2016)


Five types — auxin, gibberelin, cytokinin, ethylene and abscisic acid.

Auxin: Cell enlargement, root formation, apical dominance, inhibition of abscission, fruit growth.

Gibberellin: Growth in stem and leaves, higher fruit yield, overcoming dormancy.

Cytokinin: Essential for cell division, differentiation, prevention of senescence and overcoming apical dominance.

Ethylene: Promotes transverse growth, fruit ripening and overcoming dormancy of some parts.

Abscisic Acid (ABA): Induces dormancy, senescence and abscission, checking excessive activity of growth promoting hormones, closure of

stomata under water stress.

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