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Predict the shapes of the following

Question:

Predict the shapes of the following molecules based on hybridisation.

BCl3, CH4, CO2, NH3

Solution:

In compound BCl3, Boron has sp2-hybridisation and the shape is Triangular Planar.

In methane CH4, Carbon has sp3 -hybridization and shape are Tetrahedral.

In carbon dioxide CO2, carbon has sp-hybridisation and shape is Linear.

In ammonia NH3, nitrogen has sp3-hybridisation and shape is Pyramidal.

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